CA1097853A - Fluid control system - Google Patents

Fluid control system

Info

Publication number
CA1097853A
CA1097853A CA246,663A CA246663A CA1097853A CA 1097853 A CA1097853 A CA 1097853A CA 246663 A CA246663 A CA 246663A CA 1097853 A CA1097853 A CA 1097853A
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
piston
valve
lifting
tank
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA246,663A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Edwin L. Badders
Original Assignee
Edwin L. Badders
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US05/553,590 priority Critical patent/US3994029A/en
Priority to US553,590 priority
Application filed by Edwin L. Badders filed Critical Edwin L. Badders
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CA1097853A publication Critical patent/CA1097853A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D1/00Water flushing devices with cisterns ; Setting up a range of flushing devices or water-closets; Combinations of several flushing devices
    • E03D1/30Valves for high or low level cisterns; Their arrangement ; Flushing mechanisms in the cistern, optionally with provisions for a pre-or a post- flushing and for cutting off the flushing mechanism in case of leakage
    • E03D1/36Associated working of inlet and outlet valves
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D5/00Special constructions of flushing devices, e.g. closed flushing system
    • E03D5/02Special constructions of flushing devices, e.g. closed flushing system operated mechanically or hydraulically (or pneumatically) also details such as push buttons, levers and pull-card therefor
    • E03D5/024Operated hydraulically or pneumatically
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7287Liquid level responsive or maintaining systems
    • Y10T137/7358By float controlled valve
    • Y10T137/7439Float arm operated valve
    • Y10T137/7475With toggle or second lever connected to valve

Abstract

S P E C I F I C A T I O N

FLUID CONTROL SYSTEM

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE
Described herein 18 a pressure activated fluid control system particularly adapted for use as a flushing mechanism for toilets of the water tank type. The system includes a push-button actuated needle valve assembly which, in the shutoff position, presses against a movable valve seat; a pressure actuated direction flow valve; and a tank ball lifting mechanism. The direction flow valve is in fluid communication with the needle valve assembly and in-cludes a floating piston which upon actuation of the needle valve, allows incoming water under line pressure to pass to the lifting mechanism, raise a lift piston and lift the tank ball from the cistern drain. The tank ball depends from a piston disposed within a water filled lower cylinder and following the draining of the cistern, the tank ball slowly and precisely returns to the cistern drain as the water below the piston head within the lower cylinder passes from the cylinder through a check valve disposed about the piston rod. A float is connected to the needle valve to close the valve upon refilling of the cistern and prevent further fluid flow to the lifting mechanism.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVEN~ION
, The water tan~ type toilet or water closet com-monly lnstalled in home~ or apartments i8 provided with a ~imple flushing mechani~m which is generally comprised of a ~eries of mechanical linkages which act to pull the tank ball from the tank or cistern dra~n by m~an~ of a connee-ting chain upon rotation of a pivotally mounted external handle. When the tank i8 flushed, the tank ball freely falls back over the cistern drain and the cistern is re-filled. Whlle this mechanism is quite simple, lt ha~
several shortcomlngs. ~he flushing operation is quite noi8y, whlch is generally unpleasant. Difficulty is often encountered in rotating the flushing handle which often re~
sults in a loss of a portion of the water held ln the Ci9-tern which results in a les~ efficient flushing of the ~oilet bowl. This occurs a~ a result of the tank ball being lnitially only partially llfted from the cistern drain and thereby allowing water to pass therethrough prior to the aom-plete flushlng of the bowl. When the ball i8 then completely lited from the clstern drain and flushing occurs, less water ls available to carry out the flu~hing operation. Further-more, the ~tandard flushing mechanism which allows the tank ball to freely drop back onto the cistern drain often causes an imperfect seal between the tank ball and cistern drain, resulting in a "running toilet" with water continually leaking through this imperfect ~eal.

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- 1~97853 In a toilet flush mechanism, it is highly desirable to release all of the water held within the cistern drain immediately upon actuation because the greater amount of water provides a more thorough flushing of the toilet bowl. To accomplish a rapid flush of all the water held within the cistern, it is necessary to rapidly lift the tank ball from the cistern drain to prevent any premature leakage of the water supply which necessarily results when the tank ball is slowly withdrawn from the drain. In addition to rapidly lifting the tank ball, a toilet mechanism should slowly and pre-cisely lower the tank ball onto the cistern drain after flushing to assure proper seating of the ball and provide a watertight seal and thereby prevent annoying leakage down the cistern drain. Additionally, the toilet flushing mechanism which accomplishes the rapid lift and slow and accurate return of the tank ball should be relatively quiet in its operation and compatible with the tank type toilets currently in use.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention provides a flushing mechanism for toilets of the water tank type containing a tank ball and a tank drain, comprising:
a) a control valve assembly;
b) means for actuating said control valve assembly;
c) means for lifting ~.he tank ball from the tank drain; and d) means responsive to said control valve assembly for directing a fluid flow to said lifting means upon actuation of said control valve assembly, said responsive means comprising a chamber having an inlet for receiving a pressuri~ed fluid and a pair of outlets, a first of said outlets communicating with said control valve assembly and the other of said outlets communicating with said lifting means, said other outlet being disposed :.~
between said inlet and said first outlet, and a pressure responsive piston slidably mounted within said chamber for alternately sealing and communicat-/ ing said other outlet with said inlet.
;~ 30 In the preferred embodiment the system includes a push-button actuated valve which creates a pressure differential to control a direction flow valve mechanism. The direction flow valve mechanism, upon actuation, y ~ t -3-';
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--~ ln~7853 :
directs the incomlng water under line pressure to a lifting mechanism which is secured to the tank ball seated in the cistern drain. The liftlng mechanism, under the force of the incoming water, then rapidly raises the tank ball from the cistern drain, resulting in the flushing thereof. After the tank is drained, the lifting mechanism allows the tank ball to slowly and precisely return to the cistern drain, creating a watertight seal there-with and the tank is refilled. The flushing mechanism is very quiet during operation and provides a rapid lifting of the tank ball from the cistern drain, and reduces water leakage down the cistern drain. The flushing mechanism maintains the desired water level within the water tank, and the fluid control valve has a positive closing action to prevent leakage there-through.
The advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in con~unction with the accompanying drawings.

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10~7853 i IN T~E DRAWIl~GS
, Figure 1 i8 a ~ectional view of a tank type toilet embodying the flushing mechanism which con~titutes the pre-ferred embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 i~ a ~ec~ional view of the pu~h-button actuated needle valve, control float and direction flow mechani~m.

F~gure 3 i~ a sectional view of the lifting mecha-nlsm and tank ball.

Flgure 4 is a sectional view of a second embodi-ment of the present invention.

Re~erring now in detail to the drawing~, Figures 1-3 111ustrate the preferr~d embodiment of the present ln-vention. The control ~yQtem shown therein is a flush m~cha-ni~m 10 ~or ~oilet~ 12 o~ thQ water tank type. The flu~h mechanism is essentially compri~ed of a pu~h-button control valve 14, direction ~low ualve mechani~m 16 and lifting ass~mbly 18. The control valve 14 which is of the needle valve type is be~t seen in Figure 2 and includes a support frame 19, needle valve 20, floating valve seat 22, ~cissor arms 24 and 26 and actuating button 27. The needle valvc 20 is pivotally secured at its rearward end to scissor arms 24 and 26 by pin 28. Scissor arm 24 is pivotally ~ecured at its other end to the upper portion of the valve frame by pin 30 and scissor arm 26 is pivotally secured to the valve control-ler level 32 by means of pin 34. The valve ~ontroller level ; is in turn pivotally secured to the valve support frame 19 by pin 36 and i~ rotatable about pin 36 to actuate the needle valve 20, as w$11 be described.

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The control valve 14 is mounted on a wall 38 of the toilet tan~ or cistern 40 by mean~ of a threaded extenslon 42 which is shown to be integrally formed with the base portlon 44 of frame 19. The threaded extension i6 inserted through an aperture 46 in the wall 38 of the toilet tank and a threaded fastening means 48 i8 tightened about the protruding portion of extension 42, as seen in Flgure 2 to secure the control valve to the wall portion of the toilet tank. An actuating rod 50 i8 slidably mounted within and extend~ through the base portion of the ~rame and extension 42. ~he rearward end 52 of rod 50 has threads 54 thereon for securing the rod ~o the actuating bu~ton 27. Th6 forward end 56 o the actuating rod 50 abuts a caming ~urface 58 of control lever 32 and has a stop means 60 mounted khereon to prevent the rod from being pulled through the ba~e portion of the valve frame. When the actuating button 27 is pre~sed, the actuating rod 50 moves orward along ~he caming sur~aoe 58 of the control lever 32, causing the lever to pivot clockwise about pln 36. This movement o~ the lever causes the scissor arms 24 and 26 to retract the needle valve 20 from the valve seat 22, thereby actuating or opening the control valve 14.
rece3sed area 62 18 provided in the forward slde of the ac-tuating button 27 to accommodate the rearward portion of the threaded extension 42 when the button i3 depressea to open the control valve.

Valve seat 22 iB mounted on a 3upport stem 64 and i~
comprised o an annular ring constructed o~ a standard rubber compound or other suitable material. The seat 22 i~ affixed to the rearward portion o the support stem 90 as to be in ax$al ? alignment with the needle valve 20 so that upon the needle valve being disposed in the ~orward positlon, a~ seen in Figure 2, , ~
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the valve seat is in sealing engagement therewith. The sup-! ~ port ~tem 64 i~ slidably m~unted within an elongated channel 66, centrally dispo~ed within th~ valve stem housing 68. The re~xward portion of the valve stem i~ of a reduced diameter to provide an annular chamber 70 thereabout. A co~l spring 72 is disposed wlthin the annular chamber. An annular dia-phragm 74 is held by its outer perlmeter portion within the valve stem housing 68 by means of a threadably mounted plug 76 and extends between the valve stem hou~lng and the valve seat ~upport stem and i~ secured to the valve ~tem about th~
inner perimeter portlon thereof. Dlaphragm 7~ together with the coil sprlng 72 controls the movement of the valve ~eat support stem and valve seat within the elongated channel, as will be deRcrlbed. A threadably mounted valve stem lnsert 78 is ut~ ed to secure the valve seat to the valve support stem 64.

The control valve 14 communicatQs with a standard water inlet 82 through conduit 84 and a direction flow valve mechani~m 16. The valve mechanism 16 is mounted in the floor 86 o~ the toilet tan~ and is secured in sealing engagement therewith by a threaded fastening member 88 and an annular compressible seal 90. A chamber 92 is provided in the lower end of the diverter mechanism and is held in ¢ommunication with the water lnlet by means of threaded fitting 94 and an annulax compressible seal 96. The direction control flow valve 16 al80 has an upper chamber 98 which i8 in fluid communlcation with the lower chamber 92 through opQning 100.
A valve piston 102 is slidably mounted wlthin the upper chamber and is pro~ided wlth L-shaped upper and lower lip seal~ 104 and 105 to maintain a fluid tight relationship ~ , .... .. , . _ . _ _ _ _ _ _ . _ _ _ . .. . _ _ , . . . . .

78S.~
between the piston and the walls o~ the upper chamber as the pi~ton moves therein. A central channel 106 ~ 9 disposed within the pi~ton to communicate the lower chamber 92 with the upper portion 108 of chamber 98. A plurality of pre~ure relief ~lot~ 99 are di~po~ed in a cylindrical ~top 101 which abut~ the pi~ton in it~ raised po~ition, to allow fluid flow therethrough. An oriflce pin 10~ extends through channel 106 to a~sure uniform flow therethrough and prevent clogging by foreign matter. It can be ~een that the water under line pre3sure from the water inlet 82 paAses to the control valve by way of the lower chamber 92, channel 106 in the piston and lnto conduit 84 through a central bore 110 in the diverter meahanism plug 112. Conduit ~4 i~ secured to the plug by a threaded fitting 114.

15 D The upper ~urface;~6 of piston 102 ls of a greater area than the lower surface ~ , 80 that when control ~alve ~ c ~ C ~ cr 14 18 alos~d, the~so~i~e exerted~on th~ upper surface 116 of the piston i~ greater than that exerted by the incoming water on the lower ~urface 118 of the pi~ton, cau~ing thQ
piston to be in the lower position, a~ seen ln Figure 2.
The lower surface of the piston i8 provided with an annular ~ealing member 120 which pre~ent~ any fluid leakage about the lower side o the piston when the piston i8 in the lowered position. A water outlet 122 i~ provided in the side wall of the diverter mechani~m which communicates a conduit 124 with the lower portion of the upper chamber 98. When the piston 102 i~ held in the lower po~ition due to the pre~ure differ-ential created by the reduced area of the lower ~urface of the piston, the incoming water i~ prevented from entering conduit 12~ through the outlet 122 and can only flow through the piston and conduit 84 into the forward end 126 of the 1~78~

elongated channel 66 in the valve stem housing of control ; valve 14. The pres~ure created by this incoming water urges the valve stem and valve seat carried thereby against the tapered end of the needle valve 20, thereby holding the control valve in a closed po~ition while causing a slight deformation of the diaphragm 74 and compre~sion of coil spring 72.

To actuate the flushing mechanism, button 27 is depressed, causing clockwise rotation of the controlling lever 32 and withdrawal of the needle valve 20 of the valve seat 22. The withdrawal of the needle valve brQa~s the seal with valve seat 22 and allows water under line pressure to flow pass the open valve and spill into the tank through aperture 126, located downstream of the valve seat 22. The opening of the control valve relieves the pressure which was heretofore urging the valve seat against the needle valve and the valve seat and ~upport stem immediately snap forward within the elongated chamber under the force of the diaphragm 74 and coil spring 72.
The dual action of the needle valve and valve seat provides an extremQly responsive control valve. With the opening of the control valve, the piston 102 within the upper chamber 98 of the diverter mechanism 16 is rapidly driven to the raised or open position by the pressure of the .25 incoming water on the lower surface thereof and the relief . of the pres3ure on the piston's upper surface. The water then passes through opening 122 in the side wall of the upper chamber and into conduit 124, which communlcates with the lifting as~embly 18, shown in detail in Figure 3.

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The lifting assembly 18 ls compri~ed of an upper lift cylinder 130 and lower tatic cylinder 132. A fitting 134 is di~posed about the lower end of lift cylinder 130 and forms an aperture 136 in the lower portion thereof. Conduit 124 communicates with the lower portion of the lift cylinder through aperture 126 and is secured thereto by threaded fastening means 138. A lifting piston 140 is disposed within the lift cylinder 130. Piston rod 142 extends downwardly from the piston through an aperture 144 in the lower port~on of fitting 136 and is secured by fastening means 146 to the upper portion of the lower static cylinder 132. A diametrical clearance of about .001 - .005 lnches is provided between the piston rod 144 and the walls defining aperture 144 and the clearance between pi~ton 140 and the wall of the lifting cylinder i~ about .015 - .025 inche~. A damping means 147 i8 dispo~ed above the cylinder fa~tening means 146 to prevent contact between the lifting cylinder and lower static cylinder and thereby providing for qu~eter operation. A
~econd piston 148 iB provided in the lower static cyllnder 132 which i8 carried by piston rod 150. Piston rod 150 extends through the bottom of the static cylinder 132 and carrie~ the toilet tank ball 152. The bottom of the lower static cylinder i8 secured to a fitting 156 which forms the bottom wall of the static cylinder. The lower portion of fitting 156 defines an annular flange 158 whlch carries a check valve 160. The check valve ha~ an aperture 162 therein through which piston rod 150 passes. A diametrlcal clearance is provided of about .005 - .015 inches between the piston rod 150 and the walls defining the aperture in check valve 160 and the clearance between piston 148 and the wall of the static cylinder is about .008 - .012 inches.

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Stops 164 are provided to retain the check valve in place durlng the operation of the flushing mechani~m, although these stops do allow the checX valve to float about 1~16 of an inch within the bottom of the ~tatic cylinder. The lift cylinder 130 i~ provided with an upper fitting 166 which defines the upper surface of the lift cylinder and carries the antl-siphon line 168 which communicates with a ~tandard overflow to 170, supported by bracket 172.
Fitting 166 also provides an outlet for the tank fill line 174, which is secured to the fitting by threaded fastening member 176 and through which the toilet tank i9 refllled after flushing.

In operation, when the control valve 14 is opened by depressing actuating button 27 which withdraws the needle valve 20 from the valve seat 22, the upstream pressure agalnst the slidably mounted valve seat 64 is reduced and the ~upport and valve seat 22 carried thereby snaps forward under the force of the diaphragm 74 and hellcal spring 72, thereby providing a sure and rapid opening of the control valve to actuate the flu~hing mechanism. The pressure against the upper ~urface 116 of 102 ln the dlverter mechanism 16 immediately drops to 0 and the piston is forced rapidly against the upper surface of chamber 98, thereby allowing almost instantaneous water flow through conduit 124 to the lifting mechanism 18. The w~ter enters - the lifting cylinder 130 under line pressure and immediately raises piston 140 to the elevated position which i~ illus-trated by phantom lines in Figure 3. A~ the piston moves ; upwardly, it correspondingly lifts the lower static cylinder 132. A~ shown in Figure 1, the lower static cylinder is dispo~ed below the water level 178 in the tollet tank and In~7s~
as the static cylinder has an upper opening 180 therein and a diametric clearance between the check valve 160 and pi~ton rod 150 in the lower end thereo, it i5 filled with water. When the static cylinder is quickly rai3ed, the S piston 148, and consequently the tank ball 152, i~ pulled upwardly therewith due to the presence of the static water beneath the piston 148, thereby allowing the water within the tank to flush down the cistern drain. It should be noted, however, that the lifting mechanism will operate if the lower static cylinder i9 only about one third sub-merged below the watex level in the tank~ This hydraulic flushing operation operate~ very smoothly and rapldly, only about one quarter of a second transpiring between the lnitial pressing of the actuating button and the lifting of the tank ball from the clstern draln.

Following the flushlng o the toilet tank 40, th~ tank ls refilled through the tank fill line 174. Thls bcgins to occur as soon as the piston 140 reaohes the el~vated positlon within the lifting cylinder 130, where-upon the water entering the lifting cylinder through conduit 124 communicates with fill llne 174 through an openlng 184 in fitting 166. Due to the clearance between the check valve 160 and plston rod 150 within the lower ~tatlc cyllnder, the water hel~ within that cylinder begins to flow therethrough as soon as the water level within the toilet tank falls below the pi~ton 148. As the watex drain~ from the lower static cylinder, the tank ball slowly and accurately returns to the ci~tern drain 182 to form the desired seal therewith~ Concurrently with the descent of piston 150 within the static cylinder, the piston 140 begins to descend within the lifting cylinder a~ the water .

therein passes from the lower end of the cylinder through the diametrical clearance about the piston rod 142. As the piston 140 descends, the lower static cylinder is returned to its nonoperative position~ illustrated in Figure 3, and check valve 160 floats upwards about 1/16 inch and the cylinder is again filled with water and readied for reactivation. This upward movement of the check valve is limited by a locking ring 163. The time delay necessary before the flush mechanism can be again operative depends solely on the line pressure whlch determines the rate at which the water tank is filled.
As the water within the ~oilet tank continuesto rise, float 190, which is pivotally secured to the control lever 32 of control valve 14 by means of a rod 192, support block 193 and yoke 194, causes the controlling lever to move in a counterclockwise direction. This counterclockwise rotation of the controlling lever causes the needle valve 20 to move forwardly towards the valve seat 22. As the tapered end of the needle valve approaches the valve seat and restricts the area between the seat and needle valve, an upstream pressure build up occurs which overcomes the force exerted by the diaphragm 74 and coil spring 72 and forces the slidably mounted support to move rearward, urging the valve seat 22 against the tapered end of the needle valve 20, closing control valve 14. As soon as the control valve is closed, pressure builds up in the upper portion of chamber 98 within the diverter mechanism 16. At this time water is passing from the water inlet 82 through outlet 122 to the diverter mechanism creating a pressure drop at the lower surface 118 of the piston 102. ~le increase in pressure at the upper end of the piston together with the pressure drop creates a pressure differential, causing the piston 102 to move downwardly and seal off conduit 124, thereby preventing further flow to the upper lifting cylinder 130.

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In addition to providing a rapid and quiet flushing o~ the water tank, the toilet flush mechanism 10 also provides a water recovery mechanism, should a leak develop. As the water level drops within the tank, the float 190 would be correspondingly lowered, causing a slight clockwis~ rotation of the controlling lever 32.
This would ac~ to momentarily withdraw the needle valve 20 from a sealing ~ngagement with the valve seat 22 and allow water to pass therethrough and into the tank via outlet 126. This opening of the control valve 14, however, would be insuf~icient to cause a lifting of the piston 102 within the diverter mechanism and a flushing of the water within the tank, a~ the opening of the control valve 14 would be very slight and not cre~te the necessary pressure lS drop which results when the actuating button 27 i~ depressed.

Additional features of the preferred embodiment include an adjustable clip member 196 which is provided to vertically position the float 190 along rod 1~2 and thereby maintain a ~esired water level within the tollet tank. Finally, an indicator 198 can be provided on the upper port1on of the control valve housing 19 to adjust the positionlng of the controlling lever 32 to the line pressure prior to use. This is accompli~hed by rotating the valve seat housing 68 with respect to the frame which, due to the threaded engagement between the frame and valve seat housing would linearly displace the valve seat 22 and, correspondingly, needle valve 20, which in turn would causQ
a slight rotation of the controlling lever 32. Wh~n an indicator 199 on the upper extremity of the controlling lever is disposed beneath the indicating means 198, the controlling lever 32 has a vertical arcuate stroke of about ., 78~.~

3/~ inch which ha~ been found to be ideal for operatlon of the control valve 14 and allows the valv~ to function at all variable line pres3ure~ including those as low a~ about 1 p8i-It should be noted, however, that such an adjustment i8 generally not nece~sary to the operation of the valve but could be utllized in accordance with line pressure3 of varying psi to optimize the functioning of the valve.

A second embodiment of the present invention is illu~trated ln Figure 4 of the drawings. Shown therein is a sealed level control valve having a particular adaptation for maintaining a desired level of fluid such as petroleum products or radioactive wa~te within a tank or the like.
As can be seen from Figure 4, the control valve 200 i~
somewhat qimilar to that of control valve 14 in the preferred embodlment and incorporates several of the features thereof.
The~e features include a frame 202, needle valve 20~, 8ci9~0r arms 206 and 2Q7 which are pivotally secured to the frame and control lever 248, re~pectively, by pins 208 and 210, valve seat hou~ing 212 and a floatable valve seat 214.
The valve s~at is of the same conflguration and floatably mounted as de~crlbed in the prior and preferred embodlment.
The valve frame 202 has an inlet opening 216 therein which communicates through fitting 218 Wit}l a pxessure line indicated by arrow 220. The pressure line communlcates the housing wlth pressur~zed source of qas or liquid. A sealed actuator hou3ing 222 is di~posed atop valve frame 202 and ~ecured thereto by fastening mean~ 224 and 226. Housing 222 has a conduit 228 therein which communlcate~ with the inlet 216 in the valve frame. A diaphragm 230 separates the conduit from the interior of the hou~ingO Disposed below the diaphragm i~ a pi~ton 232 which i~ posi~loned and carried b~ a bia~ing spring 234. The ~pring i~ ~upported ~ . _. .__._ ___ . ... .. _ -~ ~n~7E~5.~

at its lower end by the valve housing. A holding rod 236 is pivotally mounted on housing 222 and slidably engages pin 238, disposed on piston 232. As 1uid or gas under pressure i~ introduced into hou~ing 222 through conduit S 228, the piston 232 iB pres-Qed downwardly under the force of the gas or liquid actlng on diaphragm 230. As the piston moves downwardly, spring 234 is compressed and holding rod 236 undergoas counterc}ockwise rotation to the po~ition indicated by the phantom lines in Figure 4.

The fluid level control valvo 200 also carries a 1Oat 240 which is buoyed by the fluid 242 in the tank.
The float i8 secured to the valve by means of a yoke 244 ; whi¢h extends about and over the extended end of holding arm 236. The yoke is also pivotally secured by pin 246 to a control lever 248 which corresponds in function to control lever 32 in the preferred embodiment of the inven-tion. The control lever is, in turn, pivotally mounted on tha frame 202 by pin 246, such that a clockwise rota-tion of the control lever about pin 246 expands 6cis~0r~
arm 206 and withdraws the needle valve 204 from the valve eeat 214.
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In operation, pressure can be applied to the piston 232 along line 220 and through conduit 228, causing the plston to compress spring 234 and rotate the actuator arm 236 counterclockwise against the cross bar 248 of yoke 244, as shown in phantom lines in F~gure 3. In this mode, ; the control valve 200 is held in the closed position pre venting any fluid from entering the tank through inlet line 250, regardless of the fluid level in the tank, as the float is prevented from dropping with the fluid level by actuator ,:

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arm 236. IE the pressure in line 220 is reduced and the actuator arm returned to its normal lower po~ition, the action of the control valve is controlled by the disposi-tion of the float. Should the fluid level in the tank lower, the float 240 would drop accordingly, causing clockwise rotation of the control lever 248. Such move-ment of the control lever would act to withdraw the needle valve 204 frorn valve seat 214, thereby opening the valve and allowing fluid flow through inlet tube 250, pass valve seat 214 and into the tank through outlet 252, which is shown in dotted lines in Figure 4 and corresponds with outlet 126 in the prior embodiment illustrated ln Figure

2~ In this manner, valve 200 operates to automatically maintain a desired level of fluid within a tank. This level can be determined by the positioning of the float 240 along rod 244. The piston, diaphragm and actuator rod as~embly provides a safety shutof whlch mslntains the valve in the closed posi~ion regardle~s of change~
in the 1uid level within the tank.

In use~ other than relatively small flow situa-tions, the 1uid level control valve 200 is preferably used in conjunction with a flow valve utilizing a pressuxe differential such aq the direction flow valv~ mechanism 16 described above. Although with smaller volume~ of fluid control, valve 200 ha~ been found to be quite adequate without the need for additional valve control.
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~n~78~;3 Modification and changes may be made in carrying out the preRent invention without departing from the ~plrit and the scope thereof. Insofar a~ these change~ and modi-fications are within the purview of the appended claims, they are to be considered as part of the invention.

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Claims (17)

THE EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION IN WHICH AN EXCLUSIVE
PROPERTY OR PRIVILEGE IS CLAIMED ARE DEFINED AS FOLLOWS:
1. A flushing mechanism for toilets of the water tank type containing a tank ball and a tank drain, comprising:
a) a control valve assembly;
b) means for actuating said control valve assembly;
c) means for lifting the tank ball from the tank drain; and d) means responsive to said control valve assembly for directing a fluid flow to said lifting means upon actuation of said control valve assembly, said responsive means comprising a chamber having an inlet for receiving a pressurized fluid and a pair of outlets, a first of said outlets communicating with said control valve assembly and the other of said outlets communicating with said lifting means, said other outlet being disposed between said inlet and said first outlet, and a pressure responsive piston slidably mounted within said chamber for alternately sealing and communicating said other outlet with said inlet.
2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said pressure responsive piston has a channel extending therethrough, a first end of said piston facing said inlet and the other end of said piston facing said first outlet and communi-cating with said control valve assembly, said other end of said piston having an area greater than said first end so that when said control valve assembly is in a closed position, the pressure on said other end of said piston is greater than the pressure on said first end thereby urging said piston toward said inlet and over said other outlet communicating with said lifting means and preventing fluid flow to said lifting means, and upon actuation of said control valve assembly, the pressure on said other end of said piston is reduced, causing said piston to move towards said first outlet and out of sealing engagement with said other outlet, thereby allowing fluid flow to said lifting means.
3. A flushing mechanism for toilets of the water tank type containing a tank ball and a tank drain, comprising:

a) a control valve assembly;
b) means for actuating said control valve assembly;
c) means for lifting the tank ball from the tank drain said means comprising a cylinder having an inlet therein, a piston disposed within said cylinder, a piston rod carried by said piston and extending outwardly of said cylinder, a second cylinder carried by said piston rod, a piston disposed within said second cylinder, a piston rod extending from said piston and being secured to said tank ball, and a valve disposed in the lower end of said second cylinder about said piston rod extending therefrom to allow fluid flow therethrough; and d) means responsive to said control valve assembly for directing a fluid flow to said lifting means upon actuation of said control valve assembly, said responsive means comprising a chamber having an inlet for receiving a pressurized fluid and a pair of outlets, a first of said outlets communi-cating with said control valve assembly and the other of said outlets communi-cating with said lifting means, said other outlet being disposed between said inlet and said first outlet, and a pressure responsive piston slidably mounted within said chamber for alternately sealing and communicating said other outlet with said inlet.
4. A flushing mechanism for toilets of the water tank type containing a tank ball and a tank drain, comprising:
a) a control valve assembly comprised of a valve support means, a needle valve carried by said support means, a valve seat housing, a valve stem slidably mounted within said housing, a valve seat carried by said stem in axial relation with said needle valve, means for moving said needle valve from and towards said valve seat, b) means for actuating said control valve assembly;
c) means for lifting the tank ball from the tank drain; and d) means responsive to said control valve assembly for directing a fluid flow to said lifting means upon actuation of said control valve assembly, said responsive means comprising a chamber having an inlet for receiving a pressurized fluid and a pair of outlets, a first of said outlets communicating with said control valve assembly and the other of said outlets communicating with said lifting means, said other outlet being disposed between said inlet and said first outlet, and a pressure responsive piston slidably mounted within said chamber for alternately sealing and communicating said other outlet with said inlet.
5. The combination of claim 4 wherein said moving means comprises a control lever pivotally mounted on said valve support means and having a camming surface thereon; a pair of arms pivotally connected at one end to said needle valve, one of said arms being pivotally connected at the other end thereof to said valve support means and the other of said arms being pivotally connect-ed at the other end thereof to said control lever whereby rota-tion of said control lever causes said needle valve to undergo linear movement with respect to said valve seat; and a follower rod adapted to abut said camming surface and impart rotational movement to said control lever.
6. The combination of Claim 4 wherein said lifting means comprises a cylinder having an inlet in communication with said outlet in said chamber in said valve means (d); a piston dispos-ed within said cylinder; a piston rod carried by said piston and extending outwardly of said cylinder; and means for connecting said piston rod to the tank ball whereby upon fluid entering said cylinder through said inlet therein said piston and piston rod are raised thereby lifting the tank ball from the tank drain.
7. The combination of Claim 6 wherein said connecting means comprises a second cylinder carried by said piston rod; a piston disposed within said second cylinder; a piston rod ex-tending from said piston and being secured to said tank ball;
and a valve disposed in the lower end of said second cylinder about said piston rod extending therefrom to allow fluid flow therethrough and thereby allow the tank ball to return to the tank drain.
8. The combination of Claim 7 including a float member carried by said control lever for imparting rotational movement thereto causing said needle valve to move toward said valve seat upon said float being elevated by the rising water level within the toilet tank during refilling thereof.
9. The combination of Claim 4 wherein said valve seat moving means comprises a diaphragm extending between said valve seat housing and said valve stem, and a coil spring disposed within said valve seat housing about said valve stem.
10. A flushing mechanism for toilets of the water tank type containing a tank ball and a tank drain, comprising:
a) a control valve assembly comprised of a valve support means, a needle valve carried by said support means, a valve seat housing, a valve seat slid-ably mounted within said housing in axial alignment with said needle valve and means for moving said needle valve from and towards said valve seat;
b) means for actuating said moving means;
c) means for lifting the tank ball from the tank drain; and d) means responsive to said control valve assembly for directing a fluid flow to said lifting means upon actuation of said control valve assembly, said responsive means comprising a chamber having an inlet for receiving a pressurized fluid and a pair of outlets, a first of said outlets communicating with said control valve assembly and the other of said outlets communicating with said lifting means, said other outlet being disposed between said inlet and said first outlet, and a pressure responsive piston slidably mounted within said channel for alternately sealing and communicating said other outlet with said inlet.
11. The combination of Claim 10 wherein said piston has a channel extending therethrough, a first end of said piston facing said inlet and the other end of said piston facing said first outlet, said other end of said piston having an area greater than said first end such that when the control valve assembly is in a closed position, the pressure on said other end of said piston is greater than the pressure on said first end thereby urging said piston toward said inlet and over said other outlet and preventing fluid flow to said lifting means, and upon actuation of said moving means, the pressure on said other end of said piston is reduced, causing said piston to move towards said first outlet and out of sealing engagement with said other outlet thereby allowing fluid flow to said lifting means.
12. The combination of Claim 10 including a valve stem slidably mounted within said housing, said valve seat being car-ried by said valve stem, and means for moving said valve stem from said needle valve upon said needle valve being moved from said valve seat.
13. The combination of Claim 12 wherein said valve seat moving means comprises a diaphragm extending between said housing and said valve stem and a coil spring disposed within said hous-ing about said valve stem.
14. The combination of Claim 10 wherein said moving means comprises a control lever pivotally mounted on said valve support means and having a camming surface thereon; a pair of arms pivot-ally connected at one end to said needle valve, one of said arms being pivotally connected at the other end thereof to said valve support means and the other of said arms being pivotally connect-ed at the other end thereof to said control lever whereby rota-tion of said control lever causes said needle valve to undergo linear movement with respect to said valve seat; and a follower rod adapted to abut said camming surface and impart rotational movement to said control lever.
15. The combination of Claim 11 including a float member carried by said control lever for imparting rotational movement thereto causing said needle valve to move toward said valve seat upon said float being elevated by the rising water level within the toilet tank during refilling thereof.
16. The combination of Claim 10 wherein said lifting means comprises a cylinder having an inlet in communication with said outlet in said chamber in said valve means (d); a piston dis-posed within said cylinder; a piston rod carried by said piston and extending outwardly of said cylinder; and means for connect-ing said piston rod to the tank ball whereby upon fluid entering said cylinder through said inlet therein said piston and piston rod are raised thereby lifting the tank ball from the tank drain.
17. The combination of Claim 16 wherein said connecting means comprises a second cylinder carried by said piston rod;
a piston disposed within said second cylinder; a piston rod extending from said piston and being secured to said tank ball;
and a valve disposed in the lower end of said second cylinder about said piston rod extending therefrom to allow fluid flow therethrough and thereby allow the tank ball to return to the tank drain.
CA246,663A 1975-02-27 1976-02-26 Fluid control system Expired CA1097853A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US05/553,590 US3994029A (en) 1975-02-27 1975-02-27 Fluid control system
US553,590 1975-02-27

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CA1097853A true CA1097853A (en) 1981-03-24

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CA246,663A Expired CA1097853A (en) 1975-02-27 1976-02-26 Fluid control system

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US (1) US3994029A (en)
JP (1) JPS562174B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1097853A (en)
DE (2) DE2660453C2 (en)

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JP4478922B2 (en) * 2003-08-29 2010-06-09 旭有機材工業株式会社 Joint port for working fluid and valve having the receptacle
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE2608166B2 (en) 1980-10-30
JPS51139155A (en) 1976-12-01
DE2660453C2 (en) 1987-09-24
DE2608166C3 (en) 1981-08-27
US3994029A (en) 1976-11-30
CA1097853A1 (en)
JPS562174B2 (en) 1981-01-19
DE2608166A1 (en) 1976-09-09

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