AU730212B2 - Using equipment in a well system - Google Patents

Using equipment in a well system Download PDF

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Publication number
AU730212B2
AU730212B2 AU77607/98A AU7760798A AU730212B2 AU 730212 B2 AU730212 B2 AU 730212B2 AU 77607/98 A AU77607/98 A AU 77607/98A AU 7760798 A AU7760798 A AU 7760798A AU 730212 B2 AU730212 B2 AU 730212B2
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AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
equipment
well system
well
production
via
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
AU77607/98A
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AU7760798A (en
Inventor
Johannis Josephus Den Boer
Hugh Edward Sheehy
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV
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Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP19970201266 priority Critical patent/EP0875661A1/en
Priority to EP97201266 priority
Application filed by Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV filed Critical Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV
Priority to PCT/EP1998/002578 priority patent/WO1998049424A1/en
Publication of AU7760798A publication Critical patent/AU7760798A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU730212B2 publication Critical patent/AU730212B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Ceased legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B23/00Apparatus for displacing, setting, locking, releasing, or removing tools, packers or the like in the boreholes or wells
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/30Specific pattern of wells, e.g. optimizing the spacing of wells
    • E21B43/305Specific pattern of wells, e.g. optimizing the spacing of wells comprising at least one inclined or horizontal well

Description

WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 USING EQUIPMENT IN A WELL SYSTEM The invention relates to a method for using equipment in a well system for the production of hydrocarbon fluids and to a well system in which the method can be applied.

The use of a U-shaped well in which equipment is moved as described in the preamble of claims 1 and 5 is known from US patent specifications Nos. 4,532,986 and 5,450,902.

In the U-shaped well known from US patent specification a steam barrier is movably arranged between a steam injection well and bitumen production well to enhance bitumen production. US patent specification No. 5,450,902 discloses the use of a reciprocating piston and one way valve to such hydrocarbons into the well and then pump these hydrocarbons towards a production well.

The known movable equipment therefore is essentially passive fluid displacement equipment, which is installed downhole before production operations are started.

In many cases there is a need for moving equipment into, through and/or from oil or gas production wells for use downhole after start-up of the well, for example to install or remove a sand screen or measuring equipment, or to plug a well section or to drill a further extension or well-branch.

Generally these activities require killing of the well by pumping a high density liquid into the well whereupon the so-called X-mas tree can be removed from the wellhead and the equipment can be moved into, through and/or from the well. Occasionally it is possible to apply an underbalanced drilling or workover technique where the downhole fluid pressure in the well remains lower than the reservoir fluid pressure, but in any case the activities require extensive precautions to avoid a blow-out and will generate substantial production losses over a significant period of time.

An object of the present invention is to provide a method for moving drilling, service, maintenance and/or monitoring equipment into, through and/or from a well system for the production of hydrocarbon fluids which allows an easy and safe access to the well system and downhole use of the equipment for drilling, service, maintenance and/or monitoring operations at any time and which results in but lower production losses. A further object is to provide a well system which can at any time be serviced, maintained, monitored and extended throughout the period in which hydrocarbon fluid production via the system takes place.

Therefore, in accordance with the invention there is provided a method for using S•••equipment in a well system for the production of hydrocarbon fluids, which well system *9*a comprises a plurality of entrance points at or near the earth surface and a system of one or is more underground wellbores which provide a subsurface connection between said ooo 9entrance points, characterized in that the method comprises moving drilling, service, maintenance and/or monitoring equipment into, through and/or from the well system via a first of said entrance points and that production of hydrocarbon fluids takes place via 9999 another entrance point during at least part of the period that the equipment is moved ooo• and/or actuated to perform downhole drilling, service, maintenance and/or monitoring operations in the well system.

Optionally, said first and any other entrance points are wellheads of hydrocarbon 9 fluid production wells and the production of hydrocarbon fluids via the wellhead that forms the first of said entrance points is [R:\LIBAA]09665.doc:mcc WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 3 interrupted or minimized by arranging the equipment between the first of said entrance points and a downhole seal which prevents or reduces flow of hydrocarbon fluids from the well system towards the first of said wellheads during at least part of the period that the equipment is actuated within and/or moved into, through and/or from the well system.

Alternatively, the first of said entrance points is a dedicated equipment launch and retrieval point which is not used for normal production operations.

Suitably, the equipment is moved through the well system by carrier means which are connected to surface power supply and/or control facilities via an electrical, fibre optical, hydraulic, or other umbilical conduit which passes through the first of said entrance points.

In such case the carrier means optionally comprises plugging equipment which temporarily provides a plug which blocks or reduces flow of fluids from the well system towards the first of said entrance points during at least part of the period that the carrier means and/or other equipment are used in or moved into, through or from the well system.

The well system according to the invention comprises a plurality of entrance points at or near the earth surface and a system of underground wellbores which provides a subsurface connection between said entrance points, wherein equipment is movably arranged in the well system, and wherein the equipment consists of drilling, service, maintenance and/or monitoring equipment which can be actuated downhole and/or which can be inserted and/or removed from the well system via a first of said entrance points whilst production of hydrocarbon fluids takes place via another entrance point.

The invention also relates to a method for the phased development of such a well system. The method comprises WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 4 drilling and completing a hydrocarbon fluid production well via a well entrance point at or near the earth surface and initiating the production of hydrocarbon fluids via that entrance point; and subsequently drilling another well via another entrance point at or near the earth surface such that the wellbores of the wells intersect and form a subsurface corridor via which equipment can be moved, wherein production of hydrocarbon fluids via the already completed well continues during at least part of the period that the other well is being drilled and/or completed. The process of drilling further wellbores and wellbranches may continue after completion of said other well whilst production via at least one entrance point continues.

It is observed that US patent specification No. 4,390,067 discloses the use of a pattern of interconnected horizontal and vertical wells in which steam is injected to generate heated corridors in a viscous oil bearing formation. In this known system steam is injected via some wellheads and oil is produced, using beam pumps installed at some of the other wellheads.

US patent specification No. 4,283,088 discloses the use of an underground working tunnel and workings from where heat injection and oil production wells are drilled into a viscous oil bearing formation by mining. personnel operating in the tunnel and workings. The tunnel and workings are ventilated and perform as a subsurface work area from which a series of generally upwardly oriented heat injection and oil production wells are drilled. The tunnel and workings therefore do not form part of the well system itself.

Furthermore, International patent application No. PCT/GB94/00515 (publication WO 94/21889) discloses in Fig. 2 that a U-shaped well may be used to facilitate WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 geothermal energy from an underlying layer to enhance theproduction of fluids from an underground reservoir.

The invention will now be described in more detail with reference to 'the accompanying drawing which shows a schematic perspective view of a well system according to the invention.

The well system comprises a first wellhead 1 and a second wellhead 2. The wellheads 1 and 2 are located at the earth surface 3 and interconnected via a system of underground wellbores. The system of wellbores comprises of a first and a second vertical wellbore 4 and 5 and a pair of substantially horizontal wellbores 6 and 7, which interconnect the vertical wellbores 4 and 5 at different depths. Furthermore a pair of wellbranches 8 and 9 have been drilled from the first vertical wellbore 4 and a pair of wellbranches 10 and 11 have been drilled from the upper horizontal wellbore 6.

The well system traverses upper and lower oil and/or gas bearing formations 12 and 13 that are shown in the drawing as shaded areas. Inflow of oil and/or gas into the well system takes place at inflow zones 14 and which are depicted in the drawing as dark shaded areas.

It is observed that the inflow zones 14 and 15 could each be separate oil and/or gas reservoirs.

The well system is equipped with a series of valves 16 which in the illustration shown are closed and thereby prevent inflow of oil and/or gas into the first vertical wellbore 4 towards the first wellhead 1. A service equipment carrier tool 17 has been lowered into the lower horizontal wellbore 7.

The tool 17 is connected to power and control means (not shown) at the earth surfaces 3 via an umbilical cable 18 which has been reeled into the well system from a reeling drum 19. The first wellhead 1 is provided with WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 6 a lubricator 20 which provides a fluid tight seal aroundthe umbilical cable 18.

The configuration shown allows production of oil and/or gas to continue via the inflow regions 14 and the second vertical wellbore 5 towards the second wellhead 2 as illustrated by the black areas in the well system and arrows 21 while the equipment carrier tool 17 and the equipment carried thereby is moved via the first wellhead 1 into, through and from the well system.

The service equipment carried by the carrier tool 17 may consist of logging, cleaning, maintenance, inspection drilling and/or other equipment which can be used downhole over prolonged periods while production via the second wellhead 2 continues. The equipment can be used both during well completion and production operations, for example for well inspection and maintenance, production monitoring (including well logging) and well inflow control, transportation of components into and from the well system, deployment of sensors and for the assembly and disassembly of downhole equipment.

The tool 17 may be equipped with wheels or other propulsion means (not shown) and a nose section which comprises an expandable seal and which is secured to the tool body as an axially slidable plunger so that the tool can propel itself forward as a kind of inchworm into a wellsection which has not yet been isolated by a valve or other flow stopper.

Furthermore the carrier tool 17 may itself be used to install or set valves 16 or sealing plugs at branch points or other locations where a temporary or permanent flow interruption is required.

If access to the well system via the second wellhead 2 is needed, for example if service or other operations are to be carried out in the wellbranches 11, the tool may be lowered into the well system by mounting WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 WO 98/49424 PTE9127 7 the drum 19 and lubricator 20 on top of the second wellhead 2.

In such case production from the lower horizontal wellbore 7 and the wellbranches 8 and 9 may continue via the first wellhead i.

It will be understood that instead of using an umbilical 18 for power supply to and data transmission from and to the tool 17 and the equipment carried thereby the tool may contain its own power supply and a wireless data transmission link.

Furthermore, power and or data transmission may be facilitated by transmitting an electromagnetic field via the well tubing or casing or a conductor which is permanently embedded in the well and by providing the tool 17 with an inductive coupler which serves as a movable electrical contact. The absence of an umbilical 18 would obviate the need for the reeling drum 19 and lubricator 20 and in such case the tool 17 can be inserted into the well system by sluices (not shown) in the wellheads 1 and 2.

In order to avoid the use of an umbilical cable 18 and/or frequent insertion of the tool 17 into the well system and removal therefrom the well system may be provided with a series of downhole base points (not shown). Such downhole base points may be formed by areas where the wellbore and/or production tubing inside the wellbore has an enlarged diameter or side pocket which serves as a dock-in station for the tool 17 and/or the equipment carried thereby during periods when they are not in use.

The downhole base point may be provided with dedicated links for power and communication to the surface 3. If the tool 17 and equipment are powered by batteries, the batteries can be rechanged at the base point or points. If the tool 17 and/or equipment comprise WO 98/49424 PCT/EP9/02578 WO 9849424PCT/EP9R/02578 -8sensors and a memory for storing data gathered then the data thus gathered can be unloaded at a base point and transmitted to data processing equipment at the surface.

In such case the tool 17 itself may be used to as a shuttle that reloads batteries of permanently installed sensors or other equipment in the vicinity of a base point and to unload data collected thereby and sequentially transmit such data to the surface.

Furthermore the batteries of the tool itself may be used to provide power downhole, for example to set a valve or to actuate a drilling or other device.

The use of the method and well system according to the invention is not limited to a well system with two wellheads 1 and 2 where production via one of the wellheads 2 can be continued whilst service operations are carried out via the other wellhead i. The well system may also comprise three or more wellheads and only one of the wellheads may be equipped with launch and sluice means for launching equipment into the well system. This wellhead may for example be located at the deck of an offshore platform and be a dedicated entry point for launching equipment into the well system and for manipulating the equipment downhole, whilst no oil and/or gas is produced via this entry point during normal operations. The other wellheads of such a well system could be arranged subsea and produce oil and/or gas towards production facilities at the platform. In such case chemicals, steam or other injection fluids may be injected into the well system via the equipment entry point and in case processing facilities at the platform are occasionally overloaded or out of service oil and/or gas could be reinjected into the well system via the equipment entry point. If a tool 17 is to be inserted into a subsea wellhead this may be accomplished by using an underwater vehicle.

WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 9- It will also be understood that the well system can be developed in phases. The well system shown in the drawing may initially be developed by drilling the second vertical well-bore 5 and the lower horizontal wellbore 7.

On the basis of downhole reservoir imaging techniques carried out from the already drilled wellbores 5 and 7 the upper horizontal wellbore and wellbranches 10 and 11 are drilled accurately into the reservoir formation(s).

Subsequently production of oil and/or gas is started via the second wellhead 2 and accurate production and reservoir data can be collected. After evaluating these data the first wellbore 4 is drilled and linked to the horizontal wellbores 6 and 7 such that these sections provide a downhole corridor between the vertical wellbores 4 and 5 through which equipment can be moved.

Then it is possible to further expand the wellsystem by drilling and completing the wellbranches 8 and 9 whilst production of oil or gas continues via the second wellhead 2.

Subsequent to commencing oil or gas production via both wellheads 1 and 2 the wellsystem can be further expanded by using re-entry drilling techniques where the equipment is moved into and from the wellsystem via one of the wellheads 1 or 2 whilst production via the other wellhead 1 or 2 continues.

Thus production constraints can be removed continuously and the flow performance of the wells can be optimized at any time. Development flexibility may also be improved by connecting one well with spare vertical flow capacity to the production face of an adjacent well where production is restricted by vertical flow constraints.

Furthermore, the wellheads need not to be spaced apart as illustrated in the drawing. The well system may also comprise a pair of parallel or co-axial tubings in a WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 10 single vertical well, which tubings are interconnected downhole via a wellbore that forms a closed loop from and towards the vertical well. If in such case the well is equipped with co-axial tubings it may generally be desirable to use the inner tubing for the transport of the carrier tool and/or other equipment into and from the well system and to use the surrounding tubing or tubings for the production of oil and/or gas.

These and other features, objects and advantages of the method and system according to the present invention will become apparent from and/or are further disclosed in the accompanying claims, abstract and drawing.

Claims (10)

  1. 2. The method of claim i, wherein said first and any other entrance points are wellheads of hydrocarbon fluid production wells and the production of hydrocarbon fluids via the wellhead that forms the first of said entrance points is interrupted or minimized by arranging the equipment between the first of said entrance points and a downhole seal which prevents or reduces flow of hydrocarbon fluids from the well system towards the first of said wellheads during at least part of the period that the equipment is actuated within and/or moved into, through and/or from the well system.
  2. 3. The method of claim i, wherein the equipment is moved through the well system by carrier means which are connected to surface power supply and/or control facilities via an electrical, fibre optical hydraulic, or other umbilical conduit which passes through the first of said entrance points. WO 98/49424 PCT/EP98/02578 12
  3. 4. The method of claim 3, wherein the carrier means are-- provided with plugging equipment which temporarily provides a plug which blocks or reduces flow of fluids from the well system towards the first of said entrance points during at least part of the period that the carrier means and/or other equipment are actuated in or moved into, through or from the well system. A well system for production of hydrocarbon fluids which comprises a plurality of entrance points at or near the earth surface and a system of underground wellbores which provides a subsurface connection between said entrance points, wherein equipment is movably arranged in the well system, characterized in that the equipment consists of drilling, service, maintenance and/or monitoring equipment which can be actuated downhole and/or which can be inserted and/or removed from the well system via a first of said entrance points whilst production of hydrocarbon fluids takes place via another entrance point.
  4. 6. The well system of claim 5, wherein the entrance points are mutually spaced and the system of underground wellbores comprises at least one lateral wellbore which provides a subsurface connection between at least two entrance points through which equipment can be moved and a number of wellbranches which are connected to the lateral wellbore.
  5. 7. The well system of claim 6, wherein the system comprises a number of downhole base points in which equipment and/or carrier means can be docked while production of hydrocarbon fluids via the well system takes place and in which battery packs of the equipment and/or carrier means can be reloaded and data gathered by the equipment and/or carrier means can be unloaded and transmitted to data processing equipment at the earth surface. 13
  6. 8. The well system of claim 5, wherein the equipment is arranged between the first of said entrance points and a downhole fluid seal which prevents or reduces flow of hydrocarbon fluids towards the first of said entrance points.
  7. 9. A method for the phased development of a well system according to claim 5, the method comprising drilling and completing a hydrocarbon fluid production well via a well entrance point at or near the earth surface and initiating the production of hydrocarbon fluids via that entrance point; and subsequently drilling another well via another entrance point at or near the earth surface such that the wellbores of the wellbores of the wells intersect and form a subsurface corridor via which drilling equipment can be moved, wherein production of hydrocarbon fluids via the already completed well continues during at least part of the period that the other well is being drilled and/or completed. oleo
  8. 10. The method of claim 9, wherein one or more well branches are drilled 0000 Co ~from the well system using drilling equipment which is inserted into, operated in and/or 5 is removed from the well system via a first entrance point whilst production of hydrocarbon 00 •fluids takes place via another entrance point.
  9. 11. A method for using equipment in a well system for the production of O hydrocarbon fluids, said method being substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawing. 20 12. A well system for production of hydrocarbon fluids, said system being substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawing. So :13. A method for the phased development of a well system, said method being substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
  10. 14. A well system for the production of hydrocarbon fluids, said system being developed by the method of any one of claims 9, 10 or 13. Dated 7 December, 2000 Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V. Patent Attorneys for the Applicant/Nominated Person SPRUSON FERGUSON C07908
AU77607/98A 1997-04-28 1998-04-27 Using equipment in a well system Ceased AU730212B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19970201266 EP0875661A1 (en) 1997-04-28 1997-04-28 Method for moving equipment in a well system
EP97201266 1997-04-28
PCT/EP1998/002578 WO1998049424A1 (en) 1997-04-28 1998-04-27 Using equipment in a well system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU7760798A AU7760798A (en) 1998-11-24
AU730212B2 true AU730212B2 (en) 2001-03-01

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU77607/98A Ceased AU730212B2 (en) 1997-04-28 1998-04-27 Using equipment in a well system

Country Status (11)

Country Link
EP (2) EP0875661A1 (en)
CN (1) CN1091833C (en)
AR (1) AR012500A1 (en)
AU (1) AU730212B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2285476C (en)
EA (1) EA000922B1 (en)
EG (1) EG21404A (en)
ID (1) ID22927A (en)
NO (1) NO995247L (en)
OA (1) OA11210A (en)
WO (1) WO1998049424A1 (en)

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US7025154B2 (en) 1998-11-20 2006-04-11 Cdx Gas, Llc Method and system for circulating fluid in a well system
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US6598686B1 (en) 1998-11-20 2003-07-29 Cdx Gas, Llc Method and system for enhanced access to a subterranean zone
US8297377B2 (en) 1998-11-20 2012-10-30 Vitruvian Exploration, Llc Method and system for accessing subterranean deposits from the surface and tools therefor
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US6681855B2 (en) 2001-10-19 2004-01-27 Cdx Gas, L.L.C. Method and system for management of by-products from subterranean zones
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EP2518264B1 (en) 2004-11-19 2014-04-09 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and apparatus for drilling, completing and configuring u-tube boreholes
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US8985242B2 (en) * 2012-01-13 2015-03-24 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Method and system of planning and/or drilling wellbores
US9371721B2 (en) 2012-03-02 2016-06-21 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Subsurface well systems with multiple drain wells extending from production well and methods for use thereof
CN103362442B (en) * 2012-03-30 2016-01-13 刘洪斌 Drilling well multiple spot communication loop gathers geothermal method
CN102606129B (en) * 2012-04-10 2014-12-10 中国海洋石油总公司 Method and system for thin interbed oilfield development
CN102900404A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-01-30 中国海洋石油总公司 Method for exploiting naked eye type manmade migration channels between gas pools
CN102900403B (en) * 2012-11-01 2014-05-07 中国海洋石油总公司 Method for establishing artificial natural gas migration channel between gas reservoirs
CN102913205A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-02-06 中国海洋石油总公司 Method for building uncased-hole gravel-filled artificial migration passage between gas reservoirs
CN104854302B (en) * 2012-12-13 2018-04-17 哈利伯顿能源服务公司 Sub-assembly and method for the recycling of seabed hydrocarbon gas
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1091833C (en) 2002-10-02
OA11210A (en) 2003-07-18
ID22927A (en) 1999-12-16
EP0875661A1 (en) 1998-11-04
EG21404A (en) 2001-10-31
EP0980463A1 (en) 2000-02-23
CA2285476A1 (en) 1998-11-05
AR012500A1 (en) 2000-10-18
NO995247L (en) 1999-11-17
CN1252851A (en) 2000-05-10
EA000922B1 (en) 2000-06-26
CA2285476C (en) 2006-11-21
NO995247D0 (en) 1999-10-27
WO1998049424A1 (en) 1998-11-05
AU7760798A (en) 1998-11-24
EA199900978A1 (en) 2000-06-26

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