AU635994B2 - A system for the transmission of data packets - Google Patents

A system for the transmission of data packets

Info

Publication number
AU635994B2
AU635994B2 AU69314/91A AU6931491A AU635994B2 AU 635994 B2 AU635994 B2 AU 635994B2 AU 69314/91 A AU69314/91 A AU 69314/91A AU 6931491 A AU6931491 A AU 6931491A AU 635994 B2 AU635994 B2 AU 635994B2
Authority
AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
time
transmission
substations
main station
disestablishment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
AU69314/91A
Other versions
AU6931491A (en
Inventor
Andrew Inglis
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Philips Electronics Australia Ltd
Original Assignee
Philips Industries Holdings Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AUPJ839290 priority Critical
Priority to AUPJ8392 priority
Application filed by Philips Industries Holdings Ltd filed Critical Philips Industries Holdings Ltd
Priority to AU69314/91A priority patent/AU635994B2/en
Publication of AU6931491A publication Critical patent/AU6931491A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU635994B2 publication Critical patent/AU635994B2/en
Assigned to PHILIPS ELECTRONICS AUSTRALIA LIMITED reassignment PHILIPS ELECTRONICS AUSTRALIA LIMITED Request to Amend Deed and Register Assignors: PHILIPS INDUSTRIES HOLDINGS LIMITED
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Ceased legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/04Large scale networks; Deep hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/08Trunked mobile radio systems

Description

635994 PHC 35594 0OR I G NA L

OSSO

S

0055

S

0S00*S 0 00 Se S 0 0 55CC 00 00 S 00 0 0

USSO

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA PATENTS ACT 1952 0 0 0S5 0 00 SS 0 000000 0 .000 0

*OC

0.0000 0 0 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION FOR THE INVENTION ENTITLED: "A SYSTEM FOR THE TRANSMISSION OF DATA PACKETS" The following statement is a full description of this invention including the best method of per...orming it known to

US.

S0 19380 14/01 /91 0 A1 0 PHC 35594 30.1.90 Lq...

goe a0 *0 0 20: 0

S,

g* The invention relates to a system for the transmission of data packets of mutually equal durations from a plurality of substations to a main station via one or more transmission channels, the main station comprising transmission means for transmitting on each transmission channel a synchronising signal which indicates the beginning of a frame, the substa-ions each comprising means which on reception of the synchronising signal on a transmission channel subdivide the frame into a number of consecutive time slots of mutually equal durations and means for transmitting, if so desired, a said data packet in a time slot which is selected from the sequence of time slots.

The above system is commonly known as a "slotted ALOHA" system, a particular version of which is described in the UK publication "MPT 1327 A Signalling Standard for Trunked Private Land Mobile Radio Systems", 26th March 1987. This standard requires that the substations, in this instance radio units, shall commence RF transmission, reach 90% of its maximum power, transmit the data packets and cease RF transmission so that power is reduced by 60 dB, within specified periods in the time slots. Furthermore in the situation where there exists a forward channel main station to substations and return channel substations to main station the standard requires that the substation shall then return to the forward channel in time to be capable of decoding address codewords. If any one substation does not meet these requirements of the standard it is not permitted to transmit. Otherwise the transmission by a substation will result in crosstalk and corruption of data of that transmission and transmissions of other substations.

This system has the disadvantage that these timing constraints require substations having very fast power up, power down and retuning times which are difficult to implement and result in costly substations. In addition these timing constraints do not allow for a mixture of substations having different timing parameters. Moreover these timing constraints require infrastructure e.g. repeaters, base stations, satellites etc also to have fast power up and down times. Any q C PHC 35594 3 27.1.93 repeaters for instanc. that have slow power up and down times will result in corruption of the data packets. Thus the implementation of the known system in existing networks may require the upgrading of the infrastructure.

It is the object of the present invention to minimise the above disadvantages and to this end the invention comprises a system for the transmission of data packets of mutually equal durations from a plurality of substations to a main station via one or more transmission channels, the main station comprising transmission means for transmitting on each tiansmission channel a synchronising signal which indicates the beginning of a frame, programmable memory means for storing, in respect of each transmission channel, a maximum link establishment time and a maximum link disestablishment time both of which being a characteristic of the transmission channel from the substations to the main station and the substations and the main station, the substations each comprising programmable memory means for storing said maximum link establishment times and said maximum link disestablishment times, means which on reception of the synchronising signal on a transmission channel subdivide the frame into a number of consecutive time slots of mutually equal durations at least equal to the sum of the duration of a said data packet, said stored maximum link establishment time and Eaid stored maximum link disestablishment time of that transmission channel, means for transmitting a said data packet, if so desired, by selecting a time slot from the sequence of time slots and transmitting the data packet within a period within the selected time slot, the period beginning at a time equivalent to said stored maximum link establishment time of that tr.nsmission channel after the beginning of the selected time slot and ending at a time equivalent to said stored maximum link disestablishment time of that transmission channel before the end of Lhe selected time slot.

Whilst some substations on a channel will have shorter link establishment times than others on that channel, all of fhe substations on that channel are able to establish a link p PHC 35594 3F~ 27.1.93 with the main station within the time required i.e. the maximum 1in1~ establishment time) before txansmission of the

IIL.

PHC 35594 30.1.90 2.06 00* 35 data packet. Similarly all substations are able to disestablish the link within the time reqiired i.e. the maximum link disestablishment time) after they finish transmission of the data packet. As a consequence corruption of data due to crosstalk is avoided. Moreover the system is more flexible than known systems, in that additional substations may be added to transmission channels, even if the link establishment and/or disestablishment time of a transmission channel from an additional substation to the main station is greater than the stored maximum link establishment and disestablishment times for that channel. Normally this would result in crosstalk and corruption of data, however the main station and the substations are each provided with programmable memory means, whereby the link establishment and/or disestablishment times associated with that additional substation may replace the presently respective stored maximum link establishment and/or disestablishment times. Thus that additional substation will be able to establish a link and disestablish the link with the main station within the time required i.e. the new stored maximum link establishment and disestablishment times) before transmission of a data packet.

A preferred embodiment in accordance with the invention comprises one or more repeaters on one or more said transmission channels for retransmission of said data packets.

By their very nature the stored maximum link establishment time and disestablishment time include the maximum power up time and maximum power down time respectively of the repeaters. Thus the present invention may be implemented in existing networks having repeaters which have long power up and power down times without corruption of data.

In a further preferred embodiment in accordance with the invention the main station and substations each have means for changing the stored maximum link establishment times and maximum link disestablisl ment times in their respective programmable memory means, in response to changes in the maximum link establishment times and maximum link disestablishment times of the transmission channels. This embodiment is suitable where a substation changes from one l PHC 35594 5 30.1.90 transmission channel to another for transmission of a data packet, which may result in changes in maximum link establishment and disestablishment times on the new channel.

In a further preferred embodiment in accordance with the invention the transmission channels are simplex channels, and the main station and substations have stored in memory further link disestablishment times of respective transmission channels each being a characteristic of their respective transmission channels from the main station to the substation and said means subdivide the frame such that the first time slot begins at a time equivalent to the stored further link disestablishment time after the beginning of the synchronising period.

The invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in cC which Figure la shows the signalling protocol for use in an embodiment of the system in accordance with the invention.

Figure Ib shows the data bit transmission format for use in an embodiment of the system in accordance with the invention.

Figure 2 shows the signalling protocol for use in another embodiment of the system in accordance with the invention.

S" Figure 3 shows a system in accordance with the invention for the transmission of data packets.

Figure la illustrates the signalling protocol used on a transmission channel of the system. The system may have one or more transmission channels, each of which use the same signalling protocol. The transmission channel 1 is a duplex channel having a forward channel 2 for transmitting data from the main station to the substations and a return channel 3 for transmitting data from the substations to the main station.

Each of the forward and return channels 2,3 are divided into time slots 4 each having a duration of 107ms having a length of 128 bits at 1200 bits/s. The main station transmits on the forward channel 2 a synchronisation signal indicated by ALH to invite the substations to transmit data packets. The ALH PIIC 35594 6 30.1.90 message contains a parameter which indicates the number of following time slots 4, constituting a frame 5, which are available for access by the substations. If a frame 5 is already in progress when a call from a substation is initiated the substation may transmit on the return channel 3 in the next immediate time slot. Otherwise, the substation waits for a new frame 5 to be started and then chooses a time slot 4 at random from the frame for its transmission on the return channel 3. Where two or more substations randomly select the same time slot 4 and transmit data on the returni channel 3 in that time slot, corruption of data will occur due to clashing.

In these circumstances the substations randomly select another time slot 4 in a new frame 5 and repeat the transmission. The *main station monitors the traf fic activity on the return channel 3 and optimises the system performance by varying the so frame length by changing the parameter N so as to prevent excessive clashing and to minimise access delays. The system described so far is known from the UK publication "MPT 13V7 A Signalling Standard for Trunked Private Land Mobile Radio Systems", 26th March 1987.

Figure lb, shows a typical time slot 4 and the format of the data bit transmissions from the substations to the main station within that time slot 4. All of the time slots on the transmission channels have a& similar format wherein the start of a time slot 4- is followed by a link establishment phase LET, a data transmission period 6, a link disestablishment 0:000: phase LDT and the end 7 of that time slot 4. The durations of' the link establishment phase LET, the period 6, the link disestablishment phase and consequently the duration of the time slots 4 themselves are the same on any one particular transmission channel, though the durations of the link establishment phase LET and link disestablishment phase LDT and consequently the duration of the time slots 4 may differ from transmission channel to transmission channel. The data is transmitted by the substation as a data packet of fixed duration within the period 6, the duration of which period 6 is the same for all transmission channels. The duration of the PHC 35594 30. 1.90 1000 *fee 0, Of 0 a 0 53 3 5 period 6 may be the same as or longer than the duration of the data packet. The data packet may be of a similar format to that described in the 'MPT standard 1317 Coded Practice Transmission of Digital information over Land Mobile Radio Systems"' April 1981 or any other format of a fixed duration.

The duration of the link establishment phase of the time slots 4 for a particular transmission channel is chosen to be equal to the maximum time it takes for establishing a radio link between any one of the substations and the main station on the return channel 2 of that particular transmission channel. Similarly the duration of the link disestablishment.

phase of the time slots 4 for a particular transmission channel is chosen to be equal to the maximum time it takes for disestablishing a radio link between any one of the substations, and the main station on the return channel 2 of that particular transmission channel. The maximum link establishment and disestablishment times of the system may be determined by the system engineers at the design phase of the system or at any future upgrade of the system and program these times into the programmable memory means of the main station and substations.

The maximum link establishment time for a transmission channel is a characteristic of that channel and by it's very nature includes the longest time needed for the slowest substation to power up to the required level for data transmission. Also the maximum link disestablishment, time- for a transmission channel is a characteristic of that channel and by it's very nature includes the longest time needed for the slowest substation to power down to the required level and cease RF transmission. The maximum link establishment and disestablishment, times may also include the times needed by the substation to retune from the forward channel to the return channel and from the return channel to the forward channel respectively.

The system may also include in it's infrastructure such things as repeaters, satellites, base stations etc. Thus the maximum time needed to establish a link between the substations and the main station on that channel, that is the PHC 35594 8 30.1.90 maximum link establishment time, will also include the maximum timwi needed for establishing the link via the infrastructure.

Similarly for the disestablishment of the link between the substations and the main station via the infrastructure.

In a particular embodiment of the system, the system may include on one or more of it's transmission channels one or more repeaters and in these circumstances the maximum link establishment and disestablishment times will also include in addition to the longest power up and power down times respectively of the substations on that transmission channel the longest power up and power down times of the repeaters respectively of that channel. In this particular embodiment the receivers of the repeaters on the return channel on the DD transmission channel are continuously powered up and the upon receipt of a data packet from a substation the repeater powers DC a .0e0g up it's transmitter and retransmits the data packet to the 0000 main station. Thus the maximum time needed to establish a link from the substations to the main station on that channel, i.e. the maximum link establishment time, will include in DUD.: addition to longest power up time of the substations on that channel, the maximum time needed for the power up of any one of the repeaters on that channel and the retransmission of the data packet. Similar circumstances apply for the disestablishment of the link between the substations and the main station via the repeaters on that channel.

6:96In Figure 3 the system for the transmission of data packets comprises a main station 8 and a number of fixed or mobile substations 9 which may be scattered over a. wide geographical area, only one of which substations 9 is shown.

The main station 8 comprises a central computer 10 having associated user interface means 11 for communicating with the substations 9, and associated programmable memory means 18.

The main station 8 further comprises a number of transceivers 12 coupled to the central computer 10 via peripheral equipment .3 foir transmitting and receiving data over a, number of transmission control channels. Each of the substations 9 comprises a computer 14 having associated user interface means 19 for communicating with the main station, and associated PHC 35594 9 130.1.130 programmable memory means 15. The computer 14 of which is coupled to a transceiver 16 via peripheral equipment 17 for transmitting and receiving data over a number of cransmission control channels. The main station 8 has stored in the programmable memory means 18 the maximum link tcstablishment time and maximum link disestablishment time for each transmission control channel and each substation 9 has stored in the programmable memory means 15 the maximum link establishment time and maximum link disestablishment time for each transmission control channel.

In operation the central computer 10 of the main station 4.4 8 monitors the traffic activity on the return channel 3 of a 0:860: transmission channel and determines the number of time slots ~s 4 for the next frame 5. The central computer 10 of the main station 8 determines the duration of those time slots by 6accessing the maximum link establishment time and maximum link 0 disestablishment time stored in the programmable memory means 18 for the return channel of that transmission channel and from the fixed duration of a data packet either stored in the *programmable memory means 18 or other memory means of the central computer. The central computer 10 '.hen initiates the appropriate transceiver 12 via the peripheral equipment 13 to transmit an ALH message informing the substations 9 on that transmission control channel of the number of time slots in e. 5 that frame. The frame is completed with the transmission of a @Go* further ALH message by the main station. Any substation 9 .00: desiring to transmit a data packet within that frame S determines by means of it's computer~ 14 the start of the time slots from the information received concerning the number of time slots in the ALH message beginning that frame and the durations of those time slots. The durations of those time slots is determined by the computer 14 accessing the maximum link establishment time and maximum link disestablishment time for that transmission channel stored in the programmable memory means 15 of the substation and from the fixed duration of a data packet either stored in the programmable memory means 15 or other memory means of the substation 9. The computer 14 of the substation then randomly selects a time PHC 35594 10 30.1.90 slot within that frame and initiates the transceiver 16 via the peripheral equipment 17 to begin powering up at the beginning of that randomly selected time slot. The substation 9 then transmits the data packet at a time equivalent to the stored maximum link establishment time after the start of that time slot. Whilst a particular substation may be able to establish a link prior to this time, it is in this manner that slower substations are always able to establish a link without causing crosstalk and corruption of data. The substation after finishing completion of it's transmission of the data packet then powers down by the start of the next time slot.

o11 The system may also allow substations to transmit data packets on more than one transmission channel. In the situation where a substation changes from one transmission channel to another the substation informs the main station on its previous channel of its own characteristic link establishment and disestablishment times whereby the main station can make appropriate changes to the stored maximum link establishment time and maximum link disestablishment time of the new channel and also inform all the substations on that 5 new channel to make appropriate changes to their stored S maximum link establishment and disestablishment times, if this is necessary. Alternatively, the stored maximum link

B

establishment and disestablishment times of a channel are determined from all the substations which are capable of transmitting on that channel.

Figure 2 shows the signalling protocol for use in another embodiment of the system where the transmission channels are simplex channels. In this embodiment both the main station and substations use the same simplex channel 20 for transmission of data and in order to avoid crosstalk from a transmission from the main station and a transmission from a substation, the time slots 4 of the frame 21 begin after the maximum link disestablishment time (LDTM) of the transmission channel from the main station to the substation i.e. in the forward direction) and finish prior to the link establishment time (LETM) of the transmission channel from the main station to the substation i.a. in the forward direction) for that PHC 35594 30.1.90 0 0 0000 So OS960 00 0 0 @000 particular channel. In all other respects the signalling protocol and the durations of the time slots is the same as that of Figures la and lb. In this embodiment the main station has further stored in its programmable memory means the link disestablishment time (LDTM) and the link establishment time (LETM) for each transmission channel and from these times, the number of time slots, the maximum link establishment (LET) and disestablishment (LDT) times of that transmission channel from the substations to the main station i.e. in the return direction) and the duration of the data packet the central computer 10 of the main station determines the length of the frame. The substations 9 have further stored in their programmable memory means the link disestablishment time (LDTM) for each transmission channel. The computer 14 of a substation by accessing the programmable memory means for the link disestablishment time (LDTM) for that particular channel in the forward direction) and from the number of time slots, the maximum link establishment (LET) and disestablishment (LDT) times of that transmission channel in the return direction) and the duration of the data packet is able to determine when the time slot begins and tl..

period in which it is allowed to transmit their data packets.

As will be apparent from the foregoing, variations, modifications, and/or additions, and/or subtractions to the above embodiments are possible without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (1)

  1. 27.1.93 oeo ego• C*° 3 5 *o O *c 25.. THE CLAIMS DEFINING THE INVENTION ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1. A system for the transmission of data packets of mutually equal durations from a plurality of substations to a main station via one or more transmission channels, the main station comprising transmission means for transmitting on each transmission channel a synchronising signal which indicates the beginning of a frame, programmable memory means for storing, in respect of each transmission channel, a maximum link establishment time and a maximum link disestablishment time bcth of which being a characteristic of the transmission channel from the substations to the main station and the substations and the main station, the substations each comprising programmable memory means for storing said maximum link establishment times and said maximum link disestablishment times, mean- which on reception of the synchronising signal on a transmission channel subdivide the frame into a number of consecutive time slots of mutually equal durations at least equal to the sum of the duration of a said data packet, said stored maximum link establishment time and said stored maximum link disestablishment time of that transmission channel, means for transmitting a said data packet, if so desired, by selecting a time slot from the sequence of time slots and transmitting the data packet within a period within the selected time slot, the period beginning at a time equivalent to said stored maximum link establishment time of that transmission channel after the beginning of the selected time slot and ending at a time equivalent tn scid stored maximum link disestablishment time of that transmission channel before the end of the selected time slot. 2. A system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the system comprises an infrastructure for one or more of the transmission channels for transmitting data via the infrastructure between the main station and substations. 3. A system as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the infrastructure comprises one or more repeaters on one or N ore said transmission channels for retransmission of said PHC 35594 13 27.1.93 data packets. 4. A system as claimed in Claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the main station and substations each have means for changing the stored maximum link establishment times and maximum link disestablishment times in their respective programmable memory means, in response to changes in the maximum link establishment times and maximum link disestablishment times of the transmission channels. 5. A system as claimed in any one of the -receding claims, wherein the transmission channels are simplex channels, and the main station has stored in the programmable memory means further link disestablishment times and link disestablishment times of respective transmission channels each being a characteristic of their respective transmission channels from the main station to the substation and the substations have stored in their programmable memory means said further link establishment and disestablishment times and the said means of the substations subdivide the frame such that the first time slot begins at a time equivalent to the stored further link disestablishment time after the beginning of the synchronising period. 6. A system for transmitting data packets, the system S being substantially as described with reference to the accompanying drawings. DATED THIS TWENTY SEVENTH DAY OF JANUARY 1993 PHILIPS INDUSTRIES HOLDINGS LIMITED o
AU69314/91A 1990-01-30 1991-01-14 A system for the transmission of data packets Ceased AU635994B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPJ839290 1990-01-30
AUPJ8392 1990-01-30
AU69314/91A AU635994B2 (en) 1990-01-30 1991-01-14 A system for the transmission of data packets

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU69314/91A AU635994B2 (en) 1990-01-30 1991-01-14 A system for the transmission of data packets

Publications (2)

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AU6931491A AU6931491A (en) 1991-08-01
AU635994B2 true AU635994B2 (en) 1993-04-08

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4888767A (en) * 1984-12-25 1989-12-19 Nec Corporation Repeat request signal transmission method for multi-station packet communication
US4899333A (en) * 1988-03-31 1990-02-06 American Telephone And Telegraph Company At&T Bell Laboratories Architecture of the control of a high performance packet switching distribution network
US5003534A (en) * 1988-08-26 1991-03-26 Scientific Atlanta Link utilization control mechanism for demand assignment satellite communications network

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4888767A (en) * 1984-12-25 1989-12-19 Nec Corporation Repeat request signal transmission method for multi-station packet communication
US4899333A (en) * 1988-03-31 1990-02-06 American Telephone And Telegraph Company At&T Bell Laboratories Architecture of the control of a high performance packet switching distribution network
US5003534A (en) * 1988-08-26 1991-03-26 Scientific Atlanta Link utilization control mechanism for demand assignment satellite communications network

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Publication number Publication date
AU6931491A (en) 1991-08-01

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