AU594241B2 - Apparatus for inspecting glass bottles - Google Patents

Apparatus for inspecting glass bottles Download PDF

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Publication number
AU594241B2
AU594241B2 AU16703/88A AU1670388A AU594241B2 AU 594241 B2 AU594241 B2 AU 594241B2 AU 16703/88 A AU16703/88 A AU 16703/88A AU 1670388 A AU1670388 A AU 1670388A AU 594241 B2 AU594241 B2 AU 594241B2
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AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
measuring
bottle
bottles
diameter
lip
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
AU16703/88A
Other versions
AU1670388A (en
Inventor
Toshiki Fujita
Hirokazu Kimura
Yoshihiro Yamato
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Toyo Glass Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Toyo Glass Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP62130475A priority Critical patent/JPH0523687B2/ja
Priority to JP62-130475 priority
Priority to JP62-205214 priority
Priority to JP20521487A priority patent/JPS6449906A/en
Priority to JP21408287A priority patent/JPS6457114A/en
Priority to JP62-214082 priority
Application filed by Toyo Glass Co Ltd filed Critical Toyo Glass Co Ltd
Publication of AU1670388A publication Critical patent/AU1670388A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU594241B2 publication Critical patent/AU594241B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Ceased legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/24Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring angles or tapers; for testing alignment of axes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • B07C5/12Sorting according to size characterised by the application to particular articles, not otherwise provided for
    • B07C5/122Sorting according to size characterised by the application to particular articles, not otherwise provided for for bottles, ampoules, jars and other glassware
    • B07C5/124Sorting according to size characterised by the application to particular articles, not otherwise provided for for bottles, ampoules, jars and other glassware by means of mechanical measuring devices which may also control electrical contacts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/08Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring diameters

Description

COMMONWEALTH 07 AUSTRALIA PATENT ACT 1952 COMPLETE SPECI FICATI ON 594241

(ORIGINAL)

FOR OFFICE USE CLASS INT. CLASS_ Application Number4 Lodged: complete Specificatiod Lodged: Accepted: Published: Priority: .~Related Art-: 0

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4- #54-4-t I 4q It t 4 NAME OF APPLICANT: ADDRESS OF APPLICANT: NAME(S) OF INVENTOR(S) ADDRESS FOR SERVICE: TOYC GAPASU KABUSHIKI KAISHA 3-1, Uchisaiwai-Cho 1-Chome, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo-To, Japan Toshiki FUJITA Hirokazu KIMURA Yoshihiro YAMATO DAVIES COLLI$0t4. Patent Attorneys 1 Little Collins Street, melbourne. 3000.

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COIPLETE SPECIFICATION FOR THE INVENTION ENTITLED:- "APPARATUS FOR INSPECTING GLASS BOTTLES" The following including the statemnt is; a full. deoitOm f this invention.

best metOf itI~T~UL~ known to us -1- 1~ p +1 Si r:ax~ :1, r_ ,r r BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an apparatus for inspecting glass bottles, and more particularly to an apparatus for inspecting a glass bottles capable of automatically measuring various portions of each glass bottle such as the weight thereof, inclination of the sealing surface of the top lip opening, outer diameter of the shell or barrel portion, perpendicularity thereof, outer and inner diameters of the top lip opening and the 0 like in a sequential measuring process by means of a plurality of inspecting devices located circumferentially *of an inspecting table.

*15 In general, bottles made of glass, called glass bottles or merely bottles hereinafter, are periodically taken out as samples during the production process thereof for spot inspecting or measuring the respective portions thereof, for example, measuring the weight of 20 the glass bottle, the inclination of the top surface of the lip opening, the diameter of the barrel or shell t' portion, the overall height, and the like of the glass bottle. A control chart is drawn on the basis of the thus measured results 'oj quality control of the glass S 25 bottles being manufactured.

r The inclination of the top surface of the lip opening of a glass bottle relative to the reference surface of the bottom of the glass bottle is generally called down sealing surface, and the down sealing surface has been measured in a cc-ventional technique by abutting the contact of a dial gauge against the top portion of the lip opening to measure distances from the reference surface to the top surface at a plurality of portions of the glass bottle while rotating the glass bottle placed on a rotary measuring table about the vertical axis of the bottle, and by comparing the measured distances, whereby the down sealing surface Is calculated.

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a 99 9t r 91 I. t ~w.t t CC( r C C However, the top surface of the lip opening portion of a glass bottle often has minutely waved portions formed during the manufacturing process, and accordingly, in the conventional measuring method by using a dial gauge, it has not been expected to exactly measure the down sealing surface because of the existence of the waved portions formed on the top surface of the glass bottle.

Moreover, in the conventional measuring method, 10 since the glass bottles are periodically sampled during the manufacturing process for randomly measuring the dimensions of the glass bottle such as the lip portion, the neck portion, the barrel portion and the bottom portion and measured or inspected by means of a vernier 15 caliper or other measuring gauges, this conventional measuring technique also gives rise to problems of the measuring accuracy, the measuring efficiency or the like, which result in deficient quality control.

SUJMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, an object of this invention is to substantially eliminate the difficulties or problems encountered in the conventional technique described above and to provide an apparatus for inspecting glass bottles in order to obtain glass bottles having superior quality.

25 Another object of this invention is to provide an apparatus for inspecting glass bottles in a sequential manner with a plurality of stations for inspecting or measuring the down sealing surface of each glass bottle, outer diameters of various portions thereof, perpendicularlity thereof, the inner diameter of the lip opening thereof, and the like.

A further object of this invention is to provide an apparatus for inspecting glass bottles capable of automatically performing various inspections and measurements simultaneously at respective stations.

These and other objects can be achieved according to this invention by providing an apparatus for inspecting 14 g 0

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a a C a C 1 2 3, 4 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 36 37 bottles made of glass comprising: an operation table; an annular conveying passage means which is mounted on said operation table and on which bottles to be inspected are moved in a slidable manner; a turn table coaxially disposed inside said annular conveying passage means and provided with a plurality of guide means circumferentially disposed on a peripheral surface of said turn table; a take-in conveying means operatively connected to said conveying passage means for introducing bottles to be inspected one by one thereonto; a take-out conveying means operatively connected to said conveying passage means for discharging inspected bottles one-by-one therefrom; and a plurality of inspecting stations arranged with equal spacing in the circumferential direction on said operation table close to the outer periphery of said conveying passage means, and provided with inspection means for performing respective inspection operations, said inspecting stations including a down sealing surface measuring station, an outer diameter and perpendicularity measuring station, and an inner diameter measuring station.

According to the structural or arrangement of the bottle inspecting apparatus of this invention, the glass bottles are conveyed one-by-one intermittently on the annular conveyer and stopped at every inspecting' station arranged in an equally spaced manner, so that the various measurements or inspections of the respective portions of the glass bottles can be automatically simultaneously performed. Thus, a control chart can be easily prepared on the basis of the data from the respective stations, thereby being capable of carrying out the highly graded quality control of the bottles manufactured.

In a preferred embodiment, the down sealing surface measuring station is equipped with an improved measuring device which includes a measuring plate having a flat 891214,gcpdat.009,16703. ,3

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3a surface to be forcibly contacted with the top surface of the lip portion of a bottle to be inspected. The down sealing surface of the lip top portion of the bottle can be measured precisely by measuring the vertical distances of predetermined portions of the lip top portion from the a. a a.

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4 reference surface by means of linear gauges arranged on the circumferential portions of a circle having a diameter larger than that of the lip opening.

In a further preferred embodiment, the outer diameter measuring station is equipped with a device having a linear gauge to measure the outer diameters of various portions of the bottle to be inspected. The linear gauge for measuring the diameter of the lower lip portion is supported by a resilient member to be vertically movable so that the measuring probe of the linear gauge can abut positively against the lower lip portion to be measured.

These and other preferred embodiments of the glass bottle inspecting apparatus of this invention will be 15 described in further detail hereunder with reference to accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the accompanying drawings: dFIG. 1 is a plan view showing one embodiment of a 20 glass bottle inspecting apparatus according to this Sinvention; t cFIG. 2 is a partial plan view of a device for intermittently stopping a rotary table of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1; 25 FIG. 3 is an elevation of a down sealing surface measuring device of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1; f I FIG. 4 is a partial elevation, part in section, of the down sealing surface measuring device with a measuring plate abutting against the top lip surface of t the bottle to be inspected; FIG. 5 is a planar diagram showing an arrangement of i I three linear gauges; 1i i FIG. 6 is an elevation of a device for measuring an i j outer diameter of a bottle portion provided in the 35 apparatus shown in FIG. 1;

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9 88 t 9 ft ft FIG. 7 is a diagi~am for an explanation of the principle for measuring the outer diameter of the glass portion; FIG. 8 is an elevation showing one example of a device for measuring the outer, diameter of the lower lip portion of a bottle; FIG. 9 is an elevation of a device for measuring the inner diameter of the lip opening of the glass bottle; FIG. 10 is a plan view of a bottle holding mechanism; and FIG. 11 is a plan view showing a system for conveying bottles from the-bottle inspection apparatus.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIG. 1, which is a plan view of a glass 15 bottle inspecting apparatus according to this invention, an annular conveying passage 2 is stationarily secured to an operation table 1, and a turn table 5 is coaxially disposed inside the annular conveying passage 2 to be rotatable in the clockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 1 20 from above about a central shaft 3. A plurality of guide pushers 6, six in the illustrated example, are mounted at equally spaced, intervals on the outer peripheral surface of the, turn table 5. The guide pushers 6 are secured to the turn table 5 in a floating manner with a slight space 25 and provided with recesses 6a in their front surfaces, respectively, with respect to the rotating direction of the turn table 5, each of the recesses 6a having a shape suitable for receiving the barrel portions of a respective glass bottle 8 conveyed on the conveying passage 2. .The glass bottle 8 is then pushed by the guide pusher 6 to be slidably moved on the conveying passage 2 in the clockwise direction.

A plurality of inspecting stations, six in the illustrated embodiment, are disposed on the operation table 1 around the outer peripheral portion of the conveying passage 2, the inspecting stations being equipped with various respective devices or equipment for

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cc r C: C inspecting or measuring the various portions of each glass bottle. The six inspecting stations comprise a first station A for measuring the weight of each glass bottle 8, a second station B for measuring the bottom rising, the down sealing surface and the overall height of the glass bottle 8, a third station C for measuring the barrel diameter, the outer diameter of the lip portion, and the perpendicularity of the glass bottle, a fourth station D for measuring the inner diameter of the 10 lip opening, a fifth empty station E provided as a spare, and a sixth station F for discriminating the respective code or reference numbers of the respective glass, bottles 8. The details of the respective stations A to F will be described hereinafter.

15 A take-in conveyer 10 for taking each glass bottle 8 to be inspected into the conveying passage 2 is operatively connected to the inlet side of the weight measuring station A and a take-out conveyer 11 for taking out each inspected glass bottle 8 is connected to the outlet side of the code number designating station F.

The take-in conveyer 10, in belt form, is equipped with guide members 12 at both sides and a conveyer passage 13 formed between the guide members 12, both extending in the longitudinal direction of the take-in 25 conveyer 10. The conveyer passage 13 is reduced in width towards the operation table 1 and has a narrowest portion 13A enabling only one glass bottle 8 to pass, and two piston-cylinder assemblies 14 and 15 are supported in parallel to each other on portions of the guide member 12 30 corresponding to the narrowest portion 13a of the

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conveyer passage 13. The piston-cylinder assemblies 14 and 15 are equipped at their respective front ends with stop members 14a and 15a so as to be freely advanced into or retracted from the conveyer passage 13.

35 A sensor, not shown, for detecting the arrival of each bottle 8 at the outlet portion of the passage 13 is disposed at a portion denoted by the reference character ~1.

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C I G. The stop members 14a and 15a define a space therebetween having a longitudinal distance suitable for substantially accommodating one bottle 8. The stop members 14a and 15a are so operated that when the stop member 14a is retracted, the bottle 8 is conveyed to the portion G, when the stop member 14a is advanced and the stop member 15a is retracted, the bottle 8 is received in the space defined therebetween, and when the stop member is advanced, the entrance of the next bottle 8 on the passage 13 on the upstreamside thereof is prevented, whereby the bottles 8 can be positively and precisely conveyed to the portion G one by one. When a bottle 8 arrives at the portion G, the sensor detects this fact and serves to stop the operation of the take-in conveyer 10. A transfer piston-cylinder assembly 18 is disposed on the operation table 1 at a portion between the station A and the portion G and has a piston rod 18a to the front end of which is secured a transfef claw member 19 which operates to transfer the bottle 8 from the portion G to the station A in accordance with the retraction of the .piston rod 18a.

A weighing device, not shown, connected to a load cell supporting the glass bottle 8 in a float-off condition is provided on the conveying passage 2 of the 25 weight measuring station A so as to measure the weight of the bottle 8 placed on the weighing device. After the measurement of the weight of the bottle 8, the bottle is then transferred to the second station B for measuring the down sealing surface of the lip portion thereof.

30 This transfer is performed by rotating the turn table about the central shaft 3 thereof by controlling an electric drive motor, not shown, so that the turn table is intermittently rotated by angular increments each of degrees in the illustrated example. The rotation angles may be set to, for example 450 or 300, in accordance with the number of stations.

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9 9,b 3r 90 9 o 9* 99 *r .9 C r; FIG. 2 is a plan view showing a mechanism for intermittently' stopping the rotation of the turn table in which a sensor mounting plate 20 is positioned on the operation table 1 at one portion thereof along the outer periphery of the conveying passage 2, and a pair of sensors 21 and 22 are disposed on the sensor mounting while all guide members 6 are provided with protruding portions 23 respectively at end portions thereof on .the side opposed to the sensors 21 and 22.

10 The sensor mounting plate 20 is adapted to be circumferentially movable, and the circumferential displacement is measured by means of a micro-gauge 24.

During the clockwise rotation of the turn table when the protruding portion 23 of one guide member 6 15 approaches the sensor 21 disposed upstreamside of the rotation, shown by dotted lines in FIG. 2, the sensor 21 detects the approaching of the guide member 6 and operates to reduce the rotating speed of the turn table to finally stop the guide mem. 6 when this guide member 20 approaches the other sensor 22 as shown by solid lines precisely at a position corresponding to the sensor 22.

According to this invention, the' turn table 5 is reversely rotated to a position at which the protruding portion 23 corresponds to the first mentioned sensor 21 25 for the various other measuring processes described hereinlater. That is, in this state, the guide member 6 is returned to a position corresponding to the sensor 21, whereas the glass bottle 8 to be inspected remains on the conveying passage 2 at a portion shown by two-dot and 30 dash line in FIG. 2, and accordingly, in the case where six stations A to F are disposed as in this example. six bottles 8 remain as shown on the conveying passage with respect to the respective guide members 6.

The micro-gauge 24 is utilized for minute adjustment of the stopping position, and in fact, when the barrel 1 .ir^ 1*y i' i

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diameters of the respective bottles 8 are different from each other, the minute adjustment is performed by the r r fii ?t r i }1 i r li--.e u.-ii

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09r 00 a 0900 0i @0 0 0i 01 @0 tor micro-gauge 24. Therefore, according to the apparatus of this invention, the glass bottles 8 can be stopped exactly at predetermined of the respective stations A to E only by stopping the turn table 5 exactly at one part corresponding to one station.

A down sealing surface measuring device 25 is mounted at a part of the down sealing surface measuring station B at which the bottom rising of the bottle 8 is simultaneously measured or inspected.

Referring to FIG. 3 showing a side view of the down sealing surface measuring device 25, a support column 26 stands vertically on the operation table 1, and a support stand 27 is supported as a cantilever by the upper part of the support column 26 in parallel to the table 1. A mounting device 28 comprising leg parts 28a and an attachment plate 28b is mounted on the upper surface of the support stand 27. To the mounting plate 28b is vertically secured a piston-cylinder assembly 29 provided with a piston rod 29a having an outer end by which a 20 measuring plate 31 is supported by way of a rod 30. A small gap 30a is defined by a connecting space between the measuring plate 31 and the ,od 30 to allow free inclination of the plate 31, and a coil spring 32 having an outer diameter larger than the inner diameter of the 25 lip opening of the bottle 8 is interposed between the measuring plate 31 and the lower surface of the support stand 27.

Three linear gauge means 33 (33A, 33B and 33C) are mounted on the support stand 27 in an arrangement schematically indicated in FIG. 5, in which the front probing ends of the linear gauges 33A, 33B and 33C constitute the apexes of a equilateral triangle. The measuring probe 33A of the linear gauge 33a, for example, is urged downwardly so as to abut against the upper surface 31a of the measuring plate 31. In a preferred embodiment, a gauge means as a linear gauge in which a linear displacement can be taken out as an output of a

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FIG. 4 shows a state in which the measuring plate 31 is lowered from the position shown in FIG. 3 to a position at which the lower surface 31b thereof abuts against the end surface 8a of the lip opening of the glass bottle 8. The measuring plate 31, which is supported by way of the rod 30 as described before, is pressed against the lip portion of the bottle 8 with an 10 inclination coincident with the top inclination of the bottle lip surface 8a. The down sealing surface is measured by means of the three linear gauges 33A, 33B and 33C in accordance with the degree of the parallelism of the measuring plate 31 relative the reference surface which is the upper surface of the conveying passage 2.

The three linear gauges 33 abut against the upper surface 31a of the measuring plate 31 in the positional relationship shown in FIG. 5. Under these conditions, the down sealing surface K is calculated as follows: K=D. -ff'(m1-m2) 2 (m2 -m3) 2+ (m3- 3r in which: ml, m2 and m3 are values measured by the 25 gauges 33A, 33B and 33C, respectivley; the letter r denotes the radius of the circumscribing circle of the triangle shown in FIG. 5; and the letter D denotes the outer diameter of the lip opening of the bottle being inspected.

down sealing surface K can be thus calculated by substituting the measured values of the linear gauges 33 into the equation and can be. easily and speedily obtai.ied by storing the operating equation in a computer, for example.

According to the Above described example, the overall bottle height T, shown in FIG. 3, can be

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calculated by substituting the measured values ml, m2 and m3 into the following equation ml+m2+m3 K T =offset value 21 1 (2) *t t 9 9 tt.

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I At the diameter measuring station C is mounted a diameter measuring device 34 for measuring the outer diameter of the barrel portion, the lip portion and the portion of the bottle 8 and a perpendicularity of a glass bottle. FIG. 6 is a side view of the diameter measuring device 34, in which a stand 35 is mounted on the operation table 1 in a vertically extending manner.

A plurality of, five in the illustrated embodiment, 15sensors 36 (36A, 36B, 36C, 36D and 36E) for detecting and measuring outer diameters of respective portions of the bottle are mounted on the vertical stand 35 in a vertically separated arrangement. The sensors 36A, 36B, 36C, 36D and 36E respectively detect and measure the of the upper lip portion, the diameter of the lower lip portion, the diameter of a swoller portion of the lower lip,, the diameter of the barrel portion, and the diameter of the lowermost bottom po.rtion of the bottle 8.

25 ~At the station IC, the glass bottle 8 to be inspected is placed on an annular rotating plate 38, and the bottom of the bottle 8 can be staiionarily held by means of a sucking dev.ce 40 provided with a sucking head 39. That is, as shown in FIG. 6, since the bottom, portion 8b of the glass bottle 8 is downwardly sucked by means of the sucking head 39, the bottle 8 is rotated with 'the circumferential surface of the bottom portion 8b pressed downwardly against the annular rotating plate 38. As described above, since the bottle, 8 is forcibly sucked downwardly, there is no need for positioning an extra, mechanism for supporting the bottle on the side thereof.

~1 77 12 0 o .o o The principle of measuring the outer diameter of the glass bottle will be described hereunder with reference to FIG. 7, in which it is prescribed that the rotational axis 0 of the rotary measuring table 38 is spacedfrom a reference axis X-X by a distance D, and the glass bottle 8 to be inspected is placed on the measuring table 38 at a position offset by a distance e from the center of the measuring table 38. The characters m i and mi+" represent the measured values at positions at times when the glass 10 bottle 8 is counterclockwisely rotated by the circumferential angles of 0 and O+n from the reference line P.

Under the condition indicated in FIG. 7, the values m i and are expressed by the following equations: m i D-c-cos0i-r (3) mi+. D e'cos(0i+.) r The sum of these values is expressed as: 90 'oo 4; 4; m i mi+ r) Therefore, an outer diameter d at a portion of the bottle to be measured is expressed as: 4;

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d 2r 2D (m i mi+.) Accordingly, the outer diameter at any portion of the bottle can be calculated on the basis of the equation (6) by detecting the distances m i and mi+, from the reference axis of the circumferential two points on the diameter at an optional part of the glass bottle. The values m i and mi+ can be measured by means of a linear gauge, the outer diameter at the desired portion of the glass bottle being thus measured, according to the principle described with reference to FIG. 7.

4I i 4 t In the example shown in and described with reference to FIG. 6, the sensors 36A and 36B for measuring the outer diameters of the upper and lower lip portions of the glass bottle 8 are fixed to predetermined parts of the vertical stand 35. In an actual measurement, the measurement of the overall height of the glass bottle ordinarily includes a measurement error caused in the manufacturing process thereof, and accordingly, the vertical height of the lip portion is not always uniform.

10 In order to compensate for this error, it is necessary to arrange the sensors for measuring the diameter of the lower lip portion of the bottle 8 in a position suitable for always correctly measuring the same lip portions of the bottles to be measured. FIG. 8 shows one device 15 according to this invention for satisfying this requirement, in which the diameter measuring sensor is resiliently suspended in a manner described hereunder.

Referring to FIG. 8, a support column 40 is vertically mounted on the, operation tabl 1 and is provided with a guide rail 41 extending vertically, along which a slider 42 is mounted to be vertically slidable.

On the slider 42 is mounted a diameter measuring means such as a pneumatically operated micrometer 43 disposed in a horizontal plane and having a measuring element 43a

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of a short column shape suitable for measuring the outer diameters of the lower lip portions of the glass bottle 3. The pneumatic micrometer 43 is suspended by a fixing plate 45 through a resilient member such as a coil spring 44. By the installation of the device shown in FIG. 8, the manufacturing error in height of the glass bottle can be absorbed, and the measuring element 43a can be always positioned exactly at the lip portions of the bottle to be inspected.

The perpendicularity is measured by calculating outputs from a lip diameter sensor (36A) and a bottom portion sensor (36E). In the- calculation the outer circumference of a bottle is divided in 100 sections, I4 Ui .k.i 41 ;it dP

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determining central coordinates of the lip and those of the bottom portion, at each 100 point, determining the absolute values o fthe differences between the central coordinates at the 100 points, and using the largest one of the absolute values as a perpendicularity.

The station D for measuring the inner diameter of the lip opening of the glass bottle 8 has a structure described hereunder with reference to FIG. 9.

A device 46 for measuring the inner diameter of the 10 lip opening of the glass bottle 8 is provided at the station D and is supported by a movable plate 49 to be vertically movable. The movable plate 49 is also supported by a vertical column 47 standing vertically on t"o' the upper surface of the operation table 1 to be 15 vertically movable through a cylinder assembly 48. The measuring device 46 comprises a gauge rod 50 supported by the movable plate 49 through a floating member 51 so as to extend in a direction, perpendicular thereto and three ball gauges 52 coaxially mounted on the gauge rod 50 in a 20 vertically separated state, the uppermost ball gauge l Chaving a diameter slightly larger than that of the intermediate ball gauge, which has a diameter slightly C< larger than that of the lowermost ball gauge. The inner 9 C t diameter of the lip opening of the bottle 8 can be c% 25 accordingly measured by inserting the ball gauges 52 in the manner of limit gauges and sensing the state of passage of the ball gauges through the lip opening by means of sensors 53 (53a through 53d).

During this measurement of the inner diameter of the lip portion by means of the ball gauges 52, the glass bottle 8 is stationarily held by a bottle holding mechanism 54 which holds the barrel portion of the glass bottle 8. The bottle holding mechanism 54 comprises a bottle holding claw 56 and a cylinder assembly 55 adapted to open or close the claw 56. Accordingly, the insertion of the ball gauges 52 into the lip opening of the bottle

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LT i .43p 8 can be carried out smoothly without accidentally toppling down the glass bottle 8.

Concerning the station E, as described hereinbefore, since no specific member or device is provided on the conveying passage 2, the existence of such an empty station will leave the possibility for its use in the future as a spare station.

There is further provided a reference or code number discriminating mechanism, not shown, for reading out the t 0 10 reference numbers of the respective bottles marked on the bottom surfaces thereof on the downstream side of the *st ation F, but since such a designation mechanism per se is known, the details thereof are omitted herein.

As described hereinbefore, the various values or data measured at the respective stations are transferred together with the reference numbers of the glass bottles t 41 inspected or measured into a control box, not shown, and the controlled data is then transferred into a computer, C t Vin which mold cavity numbers of glass bottle molding C 20 machines are preliminarily stored. Data concerning the CC t respective mold cavities can thus be regulated or adjusted on the basis of the data from the control box and displayed as a control chart. Accordingly, the (C tocrrneo occrrnceofa detective glass bottle as a product canbe easily discriminated by viewing the control chart, based on which quick action against further occurrence of the defective product can be promptly taken. Moreover, in view of the control chart, it will be found that the respective dimensions of the various portions of the glass bottles to be continuously inspected have tendency to gradually increase or decrease with respect to the prescribed standard values, and according to this tendency, quick action can be taken for manufacturing glass bottles having substantially the same dimensions or sizes, whereby quality control of the glass bottles to be manufactured as products can be precisely and quickly performed.

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i(i :II; j i FIG. 11 is a plan view of a take-out conveyer 11 operatively sequentially connected to the reference number discriminating station F. The take-out conveyer 11 comprises an defective product conveyer 60 and a nondefective or satisfactory product conveyer 61. A director plate 63 is swingably supported on a pivot shaft 62 at the entrnce of the conveyers 60 and 61. 'A base end part of the director plate 63 is coupled to the outer end of a piston rod 64a of a swingable piston-cylinder assembly 64 secured to the operation table 1 so that the free end, the distal end, of the director plate 63 can be projected into a guide passage 67 defined by a S. pair of guide plates 65 and 66.

.A discharge piston-cylinder assembly 69 is installed above the guide passage 67 and provided with a member 68 movable along the passage 67. This discharge pistoncylinder assembly 69 has a piston rod 69a. When this piston rod 69a is retracted, the glass bottles 8 after St r being inspected or measured are directed to the entrances Scc 20 of the conveyers 60 and 61 from the station F in t C r accordance with the quality of the inspected bottles. In this example, for example, when the director plate 63 is projected into the guide passage 67 by the action of the swingable piston-cylinder assembly 64, the glass bottles are conveyed onto the satisfactory product conveyer 61, whereas the glass bottles are conveyed into the defective product conveyer when the director plate 63 is retracted from the guide passage 67. The actuation of the swingable piston-cylinder assembly 64 may be controlled manually or in response to a control signal from the computer, whereby the discharge or recovery of the defective products can be easily made.

In a preferred modification, the defective glass bottles will be discharged in the order in which they are measured by constructing the directing and conveying mechanism so that only one bottle can rest on the defective product conveyer 60. Then, according to this,

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4 arrangement, the discharged defective glass bottles and the data obtained by the control box can be easily referred to correspondingly to each other even if the reference number discriminating mechanism fails to discriminate the reference number of the defective glass bottle. In addition, the glass bottle products can be separated into defective ones and satisfactory ones on one take-out conveyer 11, so that the space for installation of the take-out conveying system can be 10 minimized.

It should be understood that this invention has been described hereinabove with reference to a preferred embodiment thereof, but is not limited to this embodiment and various changes and modifications may be made without 15 departing from the scope or spirit of the inventions.

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Claims (4)

1. An apparatus for inspecting bottles made of glass comprising: an operation table; an annular conveying passage means which is mounted on said operation table and on which bottles to be inspected are moved in a slidable manner; a turn table coaxially disposed insie said annular conveying passage means and provided -th a plurality of guide means circumferentially disposed on a peripheral surface of said turn table; a take-in conveying means operatively connected to said conveying passage means for introducing bottles to be inspected one by one thereonto; a take-out conveying means operatively connected to said conveying passage means for discharging inspected bottles one-by-one therefrom; and a plurality of inspecting stations arranged with equal spacing in the circumferential direction on said operation table close to the outer periphery of said conveying passage means, and provided with inspection means for performing respective inspection operations, said inspecting stations ircluding a down sealing surface measuring station, an outer diameter and perpendicularity measuring station, and an inner diameter measuring station.
2. The apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said down sealing surface measuring station is provided with a down sealing surface measuring device comprising a support column vertically extending upward from the upper surface of said Operation table, a support stand supported as a cantilever by said support column at an upper portion thereof so as to extend horizontally therefrom, a piston-cylinder assembly mounted on said support stand and provided with a piston rod capable of vertically actuating, a measuring plate swingably I i r- I -I 19 'I I supported by the outer end of said piston rod, a coil spring assembled between a back surface of said measuring plate and said support stand, and a plurality of linear gauge means arranged circumferentially on a common circle with equally spaced relation, and provided with probes contacting the back surface of said measuring plate and adapted to measure vertical distances from a horizontal reference surface to the outer ends of the respective probes.
3. The apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said outer diameter measuring station is provided with a device for measuring the outer diameter of the lip portion of a bottle comprising a support column extending vertically upward from the upper surface of said operation table, a linear gauge having a horizontally extendable measuring probe, and means for supporting said linear gauge from said support column such that said linear gauge is vertically resiliently movable relative to said support column, whereby said measuring probe can be vertically positioned at a glass bottle lip port-on which is to be measured. 09 *9 9 9 9999 9 9 *9* 99 9*90
9.99*. 9 9' *9 9 4~ 4 9 II *9 9 I 9 9 e *99999 9 C CC 9 9 999 9 C .9999') 9' 4. The measuring along the apparatus according to probe has a short column surface of the lower lip claim 3 wherein said shape suitable for moving portion to be measured. II C 26 5. The apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said inner 27 diameter measuring station is provided with a device for 28 measuring the inner diameter of the lip opening of a bottle 29 comprising a support column vertically extending upward from 30 the upper surface of said operation table, a movable plate 31 supported by said support column to be vertically movable, a 32 rod gauge means which is supported by said movable plate and 33 on which a plurality of ball limit gauges having diameters 34 slightly different from each other are mounted and a sensor for detecting which, of said ball limit gauges can pass 36 through said lip opening and which cannot. O891214, gc pdat.009,16703.c.19 r I -I I j 20 6. The apparatus according inspecting stations further measuring station. to claim 1 wherein include a bottle said weight 7. The apparatus according to claim 1 inspecting stations further includes a discriminating reference numbers of bottles. wherein station said for 91aI 4" 9 4- 4 I r I, 9 11 12 13 14 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 31 32 33 34 8. The apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said bottle take-out conveying means comprises a defective bottle conveyer, and a sLtisfactory bottle conveyer, and a director member for selectively conveying bottles inspected into the defective or satisfactory bottle conveyer. 9. An apparatus for inspecting bottles made of glass substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings. DATED this 14th day of December, 1989 TOYO GARASU KABUSHIKI KAISHA By its Patent Attorneys DAVIES COLLISON 1/ 'H 891214,gcpdat.009.16703.c,20 4. A 7
AU16703/88A 1987-05-27 1988-05-26 Apparatus for inspecting glass bottles Ceased AU594241B2 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP62130475A JPH0523687B2 (en) 1987-05-27 1987-05-27
JP62-130475 1987-05-27
JP62-205214 1987-08-20
JP20521487A JPS6449906A (en) 1987-08-20 1987-08-20 Measuring instrument for top inclination of glass bottle
JP21408287A JPS6457114A (en) 1987-08-27 1987-08-27 Measuring apparatus of sizes of glass bottle
JP62-214082 1987-08-27

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU1670388A AU1670388A (en) 1989-02-02
AU594241B2 true AU594241B2 (en) 1990-03-01

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AU16703/88A Ceased AU594241B2 (en) 1987-05-27 1988-05-26 Apparatus for inspecting glass bottles

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US (1) US4955227A (en)
EP (1) EP0293226B1 (en)
AU (1) AU594241B2 (en)
DE (1) DE3882172T2 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0293226A1 (en) 1988-11-30
AU1670388A (en) 1989-02-02
DE3882172T2 (en) 1994-02-10
EP0293226B1 (en) 1993-07-07
DE3882172D1 (en) 1993-08-12
US4955227A (en) 1990-09-11

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