AU2021103196A4 - Designing a qr code on pharmaceutical packaging to enhance patient compliance and to minimise medication and prescription errors - Google PatentsDesigning a qr code on pharmaceutical packaging to enhance patient compliance and to minimise medication and prescription errors Download PDF
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- 239000003814 drug Substances 0.000 title 1
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- 238000009512 pharmaceutical packaging Methods 0.000 title 1
DESIGNING A QR CODE ON PHARMACEUTICAL PACKAGING TO ENHANCE PATIENT COMPLIANCE AND TO MINIMISE MEDICATION AND PRESCRIPTION ERRORS 5 Aspects of the present disclosure relate to method (100) for generating QR code on pharmaceutical packaging. QR codes in the medical field are becoming increasingly popular with the wave of QR code usage. Quick response codes provide a wide range of information that can easily be scanned and decoded using quick response software and scanners. In this particular method (100) we collect the information of the drug and using that information we 10 create a database (108). The database (108) is converted to pdf and multimedia for storing inside the QR code. Then this QR code will be printed on the pharmaceutical package. It will minimize the medication and prescription errors and also contain a video QR code that will have explanatory video giving details how to take medicine. (FIG. 1 will be the reference figure) - 11 - aippucan name: rage i 014a 102 100 review of literature 104 selection of category of drug 106 complete study of the drug 1 creation of database of the dru108 110 selection of parameters of the drug 112 creation of QR code I114 uploading the information m the QR code [ 116 printing the QR code on the pharmaceutical package FIG. 1 Flow chart of method for generating QR code on pharmaceutical packaging. Saurabh Kumar Jain (IN/PA-3637)
aippucan name: rage i 014a
102 100 review of literature
104 selection of category of drug
106 complete study of the drug 1
creation of database of the dru108
110 selection of parameters of the drug
112 creation of QR code
I114 uploading the information m the QR code
[ printing the QR code on the pharmaceutical package 116
FIG. 1 Flow chart of method for generating QR code on pharmaceutical packaging.
Saurabh Kumar Jain (IN/PA-3637)
[00011 The present disclosure relates to a generation of QR code and in particular providing all the necessary information in order to minimize medication and prescription errors and promote the safely consumption of medication.
 Background description includes information that may be useful in understanding the present invention. It is not an admission that any of the information provided herein is prior art or relevant to the presently claimed invention, or that any publication specifically or implicitly referenced is prior art.
 A QR code (abbreviated from Quick Response code) is a type matrix barcode (or two-dimensional barcode) first designed in 1994 for the automotive industry in Japan. A barcode is a machine-readable optical label that contains information about the item to which it is attached. In practice, QR codes often contain data for a locator, identifier, or tracker that points to a website or application.
 QR codes have become common in consumer advertising. Typically, a smartphone is used as a QR code scanner, displaying the code and converting it to some useful form (such as a standard URL for a website, thereby obviating the need for a user to type it into a web browser). QR code has become a focus of advertising strategy, since it provides a way to access a brand's website more quickly than by manually entering a URL. Although initially used to track parts in vehicle manufacturing, QR codes are used over a much wider range of applications. These include commercial tracking, entertainment and transport ticketing, product and loyalty marketing and in-store product labelling.
 QR codes in the medical field are becoming increasingly popular with the wave of QR code usage. Quick response codes provide a wide range of information that can easily be scanned and decoded using quick response software and scanners QR codes in the medical fields will be able to help people see what hospitals have to offer and the care that they can provide. QR codes can provide patients with additional information on their conditions and their treatments. Over recent years, QR codes have seen significant growth in popularity. From becoming the main avenue of payment in Asia to their recent introduction onto EU medicinal packaging, it looks like these two-dimensional codes are here to stay.
[00071 Efforts have been made in in the related prior art to provide different solutions for generating QR for pharmaceutical industry. For example, Since 2011, the Government has been attempting to introduce QR codes. QR Codes help in tracking and tracing the origin of drugs and minimize the chances of spurious, sub-standard, or counterfeit drugs reaching patients. However, it has not been able to implement it yet. India's health ministry has recently released a set of draft rules aiming to implement quick response (QR) code on the labels of all active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) packs manufactured in and imported to the country. At each level of packaging, the coding that stores all essential information manufacturer location, batch number, date of expiry, etc.-is readable with software applications that can facilitate the tracking and tracing of the product. Such a system will help regulators and companies determine the authenticity and identity of a particular drug product. However, nothing has moved into the implementation stage.
 In some embodiments, the numbers expressing quantities or dimensions of items, and so forth, used to describe and claim certain embodiments of the invention are to be understood as being modified in some instances by the term "about." Accordingly, in some embodiments, the numerical parameters set forth in the written description and attached claims are approximations that can vary depending upon the desired properties sought to be obtained by a particular embodiment. In some embodiments, the numerical parameters should be construed in light of the number of reported significant digits and by applying ordinary rounding techniques. Notwithstanding that the numerical ranges and parameters setting forth the broad scope of some embodiments of the invention are approximations, the numerical values set forth in the specific examples are reported as precisely as practicable.
The numerical values presented in some embodiments of the invention may contain certain errors necessarily resulting from the standard deviation found in their respective testing measurements.
 The recitation of ranges of values herein is merely intended to serve as a shorthand method of referring individually to each separate value falling within the range. Unless otherwise indicated herein, each individual value is incorporated into the specification as if it were individually recited herein. All methods described herein can be performed in any suitable order unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (e.g. "such as") provided with respect to certain embodiments herein is intended merely to better illuminate the invention and does not pose a limitation on the scope of the invention otherwise claimed. No language in the specification should be construed as indicating any non-claimed element essential to the practice of the invention.
 Groupings of alternative elements or embodiments of the invention disclosed herein are not to be construed as limitations. Each group member can be referred to and claimed individually or in any combination with other members of the group or other elements found herein. One or more members of a group can be included in, or deleted from, a group for reasons of convenience and/or patentability. When any such inclusion or deletion occurs, the specification is herein deemed to contain the group as modified, thus fulfilling the written description of all Markush groups used in the appended claims.
 It is an object of the present disclosure which provides a method that will improve patient compliance and minimise the medication error that usually occurs.
 It is an object of the present disclosure which provides a method for secure delivery of drugs, will prevent the drug drug interaction drug food interaction and also the allergic reaction.
[00131 The present concept of the present invention is directed towards the method for preparation of QR code for pharmaceutical packaging to avoid medication and prescription error and promote the safe usage of drugs. Said method involving the steps of: review of literature; selection of category of drug after the review; complete study of the drug after the selection; creation of database of the drug after completely studying the drug and formulation ; selection of parameters of the drug; creation of QR code; uploading the information in the QR code; printing the QR code on the pharmaceutical package.
 One should appreciate that although the present disclosure has been explained with respect to a defined set of functional modules, any other module or set of modules can be added/deleted/modified/combined, and any such changes in architecture/construction of the proposed system are completely within the scope of the present disclosure. Each module can also be fragmented into one or more functional sub-modules, all of which also completely within the scope of the present disclosure.
[00151 Various objects, features, aspects and advantages of the inventive subject matter will become more apparent from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments, along with the accompanying drawing figures in which like numerals represent like components.
 The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the present disclosure and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the present disclosure.
[00171 FIG. 1 illustrates an exemplary flow chart of method for generating QR code on pharmaceutical packaging.
 FIG. 2 illustrates the steps of scanning the QR code.
 FIG. 3 illustrates the QR code.
 FIG. 4 illustrates the information stored in that QR Code.
 It should be noted that the figures are not drawn to scale, and the elements of similar structure and functions are generally represented by like reference numerals for illustrative purposes throughout the figures. It should be noted that the figures do not illustrate every aspect of the described embodiments and do not limit the scope of the present disclosure.
 Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the present embodiment when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
 Aspects of the present disclosure relate to a method for generating QR code for pharmaceutical packaging. It is inferred that the foregoing description is only illustrative of the present invention, and it is not intended that invention be limited or restrictive thereto. Many other specific embodiments of the present invention will be apparent to one skilled in the art from the foregoing disclosure. All substitutions, alterations and modifications of the present invention which comes within the scope of the following claims are to which the present invention is readily susceptible without departing from the spirit of the invention. The scope of the invention should therefore be determined not with reference to appended claims along with the full scope of equivalents to which such claims are entitled.
 Embodiments of the present invention may be provided as a computing device, which may include one or more storage medium tangibly embodying thereon instructions and unique identities of the device, the instruction may be used to prevent the unauthorized user to alter/erase the unique identities of the device. The storage mediums may include, but is not limited to, semiconductor memories, such as ROMs, PROMs, random access memories (RAMs), programmable read-only memories (PROMs), erasable PROMs (EPROMs), electrically erasable PROMs (EEPROMs), flash memory, or other type of media/machine readable medium suitable for storing unique ID(s) of the device and electronic instructions (e.g., computer programming code, such as software or firmware).
 Various methods described herein may be practiced by combining one or more machine-readable storage media containing the code/instruction according to the present invention with appropriate standard device hardware to execute the instruction contained therein. An apparatus for practicing various embodiments of the present invention may involve one or more computers (say server) (or one or more processors within a single computer) and storage systems containing or having network access to computer program(s) coded in accordance with various methods described herein, and the method steps of the invention could be accomplished by modules, devises, routines, subroutines, or subparts of a computer program product.
 Exemplary embodiments will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which exemplary embodiments are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. These embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those of ordinary skill in the art. Moreover, all statements herein reciting embodiments of the invention, as well as specific examples thereof, are intended to encompass both structural and functional equivalents thereof. Additionally, it is intended that such equivalents include both currently known equivalents as well as equivalents developed in the future (i.e., any elements developed that perform the same function, regardless of structure).
[00271 Thus, for example, it will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that the diagrams, schematics, illustrations, and the like represent conceptual views or processes illustrating systems and methods embodying this invention. The functions of the various elements shown in the figures may be provided through the use of dedicated hardware as well as hardware capable of executing associated software. Similarly, any switches shown in the figures are conceptual only. Their function may be carried out through the operation of program logic, through dedicated logic, through the interaction of program control and dedicated logic, or even manually, the particular technique being selectable by the entity implementing this invention. Those of ordinary skill in the art further understand that the exemplary hardware, software, processes, methods, and/or operating systems described herein are for illustrative purposes and, thus, are not intended to be limited to any particular named
 Each of the appended claims defines a separate invention, which for infringement purposes is recognized as including equivalents to the various elements or limitations specified in the claims. Depending on the context, all references below to the "invention" may in some cases refer to certain specific embodiments only. In other cases, it will be recognized that references to the "invention" will refer to subject matter recited in one or more, but not necessarily all, of the claims.
 In an embodiment of the present disclosure, FIG. 1 illustrates an exemplary flow chart of method (100) for generating QR code on pharmaceutical packaging. A method (100) for preparation of QR code for pharmaceutical packaging to avoid drug errors said method (100) involving the steps of: review (102) of literature; selection of category (104) of drug after the review (102); complete study (106) of the drug after the selection; creation of database (108) of the drug after completely studying the drug; selection of parameters (110) of the drug; creation (112) of QR code; uploading the information (in the form of pdf file) (114) in the QR code; printing the QR code (116) on the pharmaceutical package.
 In an aspect of the present invention, the review (102) of literature is where the manufacturer studies the various APIs required for making these drugs. A literature review (102) is a survey of scholarly sources on some specific topics. It is done to provide an overview of current knowledge allowing the companies to identify the relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research. The search should be carried out from the relevant sources, including google scholar, JSTOR, EBSCO, etc. We then need to read out the abstract to find out whether an article is relevant to question. Then we are required to evaluate and select the source.
[00311 In yet another aspect of the present invention, after the completion of the review (102) selection of the drug is required to be done.
 In yet another aspect of the present invention, complete study (106) of the drug regarding the composition, drug reactions, drug interaction, side effect etc.
 In yet another aspect of the present invention, based on the study of the drug a database (108) in created. The database (108) can be created by the help of ay software available in the market or simple word file can be used to prepare the database (108) of each of the drug.
 In yet another aspect of the invention, the word file of the drug can contain every information related to the drug.
[00351 In yet another aspect of the present invention, selection of parameters (110) of the drug is done where the various parameters of the drugs are selected and combined for being present when the QR code is scanned.
[00361 In yet another aspect of the present invention, QR code is created using the software. (that are already available like SCANOVA) Quick response codes provide a wide range of information that can easily be scanned and decoded using quick response software and scanners. By incorporating QR codes on medicine packaging, pharmaceutical industries can also combat fake drugs that can impose danger to people's health.
[00371 In yet another aspect of the present invention, QR codes offer multimedia content; in short, you can have different types of information encoded behind a QR code. It could be a PDF QR code that leads to a PDF document, a video QR code that leads to a certain type of information, a survey form, an image, a website address that is generated using a URL QR code, a manual guide, and so much more. QR code for each drug is unique.
[00381 In yet another aspect of the present invention, the usual packaging on the product can have such limited space for product information. With QR codes, you can have the opportunity to expound what your prescription drug has to offer and what sets it apart from competing brands.
[00391 In yet another aspect of the present invention, uploading the information (114) in the QR code that will be displayed on scanning.
 In yet another aspect of the present invention, printing the QR code (116) on the pharmaceutical package.
 In yet another aspect of the present invention, before beginning the searching for the literature, we need to clearly define the topic. Then we are required to make the list of the keywords related to the research question. Include each of the key concepts or variables that are important. We can also add the new keywords in the process of literature search.
 In yet another aspect of the present invention, FIG. 2 illustrates the steps of scanning the QR code.
[00431 In yet another aspect of the present invention, FIG. 3 illustrates the QR code.
 In yet another aspect of the present invention, FIG. 4 illustrates the information stored in that QR Code.
 While the foregoing describes various embodiments of the invention, other and further embodiments of the invention may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof. The scope of the invention is determined by the claims that follow. The invention is not limited to the described embodiments, versions or examples, which are included to enable a person having ordinary skill in the art to make and use the invention when combined with information and knowledge available to the person having ordinary skill in the art.
[00461 Thus, the scope of the present disclosure is defined by the appended claims and includes both combinations and sub-combinations of the various features described hereinabove as well as variations and modifications thereof, which would occur to persons skilled in the art upon reading the foregoing description.
1. A method (100) for preparation of QR code for pharmaceutical packaging to avoid drug medication errors said method (100) involving the steps of:
review (102) of literature;
selection of category (104) of drug after the review (102);
complete study (106) of the drug after the selection (104);
creation of database (108) of the drug after completely studying (106) the drug;
selection of parameters (110) of the drug;
creation (112) of QR code;
uploading the information (114) in the QR code;
printing the QR code (116) on the pharmaceutical package.
2. The method (100) for preparation of QR code for pharmaceutical packaging as claimed in claim 1, wherein the database (108) contains the information about the drug.
3. The method (100) for preparation of QR code for pharmaceutical packaging as claimed in claim 1, wherein QR code for each drug is unique.
4. The method (100) for preparation of QR code for pharmaceutical packaging as claimed in claim 2, wherein the information is in form of image, PDF and multimedia.
Application no.: Total no. of sheets: 4 08 Jun 2021 2021103196 Applicant name: Page 1 of 4
FIG. 1 Flow chart of method for generating QR code on pharmaceutical packaging.
Saurabh Kumar Jain (IN/PA-3637)
Application no.: Total no. of sheets: 4 08 Jun 2021 2021103196 Applicant name: Page 2 of 4
FIG. 2 Steps of scanning the QR code.
Saurabh Kumar Jain (IN/PA-3637)
Application no.: Total no. of sheets: 4 08 Jun 2021 2021103196 Applicant name: Page 3 of 4
FIG. 3 QR code
Saurabh Kumar Jain (IN/PA-3637)
Application no.: Total no. of sheets: 4 08 Jun 2021 2021103196 Applicant name: Page 4 of 4
FIG. 4 Information stored in that QR Code.
Saurabh Kumar Jain (IN/PA-3637)
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|AU2021103196A Active AU2021103196A4 (en)||2021-04-23||2021-06-08||Designing a qr code on pharmaceutical packaging to enhance patient compliance and to minimise medication and prescription errors|
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- 2021-06-08 AU AU2021103196A patent/AU2021103196A4/en active Active
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