AU2018201644A1 - Usb outlet charger - Google Patents

Usb outlet charger Download PDF

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Publication number
AU2018201644A1
AU2018201644A1 AU2018201644A AU2018201644A AU2018201644A1 AU 2018201644 A1 AU2018201644 A1 AU 2018201644A1 AU 2018201644 A AU2018201644 A AU 2018201644A AU 2018201644 A AU2018201644 A AU 2018201644A AU 2018201644 A1 AU2018201644 A1 AU 2018201644A1
Authority
AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
usb
power outlet
engaging
supporting
power
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
AU2018201644A
Inventor
Gerrit De Man
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Schneider Electric Australia Pty Ltd
Original Assignee
Schneider Electric Australia Pty Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU2010905218A priority Critical patent/AU2010905218A0/en
Priority to AU2010905218 priority
Priority to AU2011334615A priority patent/AU2011334615B2/en
Priority to AU2016201786A priority patent/AU2016201786A1/en
Application filed by Schneider Electric Australia Pty Ltd filed Critical Schneider Electric Australia Pty Ltd
Priority to AU2018201644A priority patent/AU2018201644A1/en
Publication of AU2018201644A1 publication Critical patent/AU2018201644A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6675Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in power supply
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R27/00Coupling parts adapted for co-operation with two or more dissimilar counterparts
    • H01R27/02Coupling parts adapted for co-operation with two or more dissimilar counterparts for simultaneous co-operation with two or more dissimilar counterparts
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R31/00Coupling parts supported only by co-operation with counterpart
    • H01R31/06Intermediate parts for linking two coupling parts, e.g. adapter
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R31/00Coupling parts supported only by co-operation with counterpart
    • H01R31/06Intermediate parts for linking two coupling parts, e.g. adapter
    • H01R31/065Intermediate parts for linking two coupling parts, e.g. adapter with built-in electric apparatus
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G3/00Installations of electric cables or lines in or on buildings, equivalent structures or vehicles
    • H02G3/02Details
    • H02G3/08Distribution boxes; Connection or junction boxes
    • H02G3/18Distribution boxes; Connection or junction boxes providing line outlets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K5/00Casings, cabinets or drawers for electric apparatus
    • H05K5/02Details
    • H05K5/0256Details of interchangeable modules or receptacles therefor, e.g. cartridge mechanisms
    • H05K5/026Details of interchangeable modules or receptacles therefor, e.g. cartridge mechanisms having standardized interfaces
    • H05K5/0278Details of interchangeable modules or receptacles therefor, e.g. cartridge mechanisms having standardized interfaces of USB type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries

Abstract

Disclosed is a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module for installation with a surface mounted power outlet. The charging module allows convenient and flexible installation in certain new and 5 already installed power outlets to provide a convenient charging facility of devices with USB connection. Also disclosed is a housing for the charging module, a charging circuit and a method of installation.

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to an electrical power outlet in a building such as a hotel, office or home. In a particular form, the invention relates to a power outlet providing an interface for charging 0 Universal Serial Bus (USB) compatible devices.
PRIORITY
The present application claims priority from Australian Provisional Patent Application No. 2010905218 entitled “USB Outlet Charger” filed on 25 November 2010.
The entire contents of this document are hereby incorporated by reference.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Many electronic devices such as mobile phones, mp3 players and digital cameras are charged through 0 USB ports in either a computer or a USB Alternating Current (AC) adaptor which may be plugged into a wall socket or power outlet. Charging devices through a USB port on a computer requires the computer to be switched on and also prevents other peripheral devices such as mice and memory devices from accessing the port while in use. By using a USB AC adaptor the electronic device may be charged at a wall socket or power outlet. One portion of the adaptor has AC prongs which engage into AC receptacles of the wall socket while another portion of the adaptor has a USB port to interface with a USB connector of an appliance or electronic device to be charged. The disadvantage with this arrangement is that the USB AC adaptor is a separate component that must be purchased and carried around and also that the AC prongs will only be suitable for a particular country or region. This leads to another drawback with using USB AC adaptors in foreign countries, namely that additional AC adaptors are necessary to engage with sockets found in different areas around the world.
There are also USB wall outlets wherein the USB charger is integral with the power outlet. Having the USB charger integral with the power outlet can lead to increased complexity during installation and costly repair and replacement of parts.
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An object of the present invention is to ameliorate one or more of the above described difficulties or at least provide a useful alternative for charging USB compatible devices.
Other advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description, taken 5 in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein, by way of illustration and example, several aspects and embodiments of the present invention are disclosed.
SUMMARY
According to a first aspect, there is provided a Universal Serial Bus (USB) port housed in a housing 0 including an engaging portion, the engaging portion including at least two deflectable clips, each for engaging with a corresponding recessed surface of a corresponding mating interface of a supporting portion disposed at the rear of a power outlet for retaining the USB port to the power outlet, upon insertion of the engaging portion into the supporting portion from the rear of the power outlet.
In one form, the at least two deflectable clips each has a tapered surface for engaging with a corresponding tapered surface of the corresponding mating interface of the supporting portion and for causing deflection of the corresponding deflectable clip upon insertion of the engaging portion into the supporting portion.
In one form, the at least two deflectable clips each includes a face for engaging with the corresponding recessed surface of the supporting portion for thereby retaining the USB port to the power outlet.
In one form, the aperture is covered by a removable portion.
In one form, the engaging portion includes four deflectable clips for engaging with the supporting 25 portion.
According to a second aspect, there is provided a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module including: a housing; a USB port; an engaging portion including at least two deflectable clips, each for engaging with a recessed surface of a corresponding mating interface of a supporting portion of a power outlet disposed at the rear of the power outlet for retaining the USB port to the power outlet upon the at least two deflectable clips being inserted into the supporting portion from the rear of the power outlet; and a USB charging circuit housed in the housing and electrically connected to the USB port at an output and for connection to mains power at an input.
In one form, the at least two deflectable clips each has a tapered surface for engaging with a corresponding tapered surface of the corresponding mating interface of the supporting portion and for
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 causing deflection of the corresponding deflectable clip upon insertion of the engaging portion into the supporting portion.
In one form, the engaging portion includes four deflectable clips for connecting the USB charging module to the supporting portion.
In another form, the USB charging module is removable from the supporting portion once connected to the supporting portion
In one form, the USB charging circuit, in use, converts mains power input of between 100V and 240V alternating current (AC) to between 4.75V and 5.25V direct current (DC) at the output for supply to the USB port.
According to a third aspect, there is provided a method of connecting a Universal Serial Bus (USB) housing to a power outlet having a front side accessible by a user when the power outlet is mounted to a surface, the USB housing housing a USB port and including an engaging portion, the method including: engaging the engaging portion of the USB housing with a supporting portion located at a rear side of the power outlet by inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion from the rear side of the power outlet, thereby retaining the USB housing to the power outlet.
In one form, the step of engaging the engaging portion of the USB housing with the supporting portion includes causing at least two clips of the engaging portion to each deflect upon engaging with a corresponding tapered surface of the supporting portion upon inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion and then causing the at least two clips to each assume an undeflected position upon further inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion.
In one form, the step of inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion also causes the USB port to be located within an aperture in the power outlet to allow access to the USB port by a user via the aperture.
In one form, the method further includes the step of connecting one or more electrical terminals of the USB housing to mains power.
According to a fourth aspect, there is provided a power outlet for allowing a user to charge a device 35 via a Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector of the device, the power outlet having a front side accessible by a user when the power outlet is mounted to a surface, the power outlet including:
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 an aperture for receiving a switch; and a USB port housed in a housing according to the first aspect, for receiving the USB connector; wherein the USB port is disposed in the aperture and is connected to the power outlet at the supporting portion located at the rear of the power outlet.
In one form, the USB port is electrically connected to an output of a USB charging circuit, the USB charging circuit also including an input for connection to mains power.
In one form, the power outlet further includes a second aperture in which is disposed a switch for controlling mains power supplied to the USB charging circuit.
In one form, in use, the USB charging circuit converts mains power received at the input of between 100V and 240V alternating current (AC) to between 4.75V and 5.25V direct current (DC) at the output for supply to the USB port.
According to a fifth aspect, there is provided a power outlet for allowing a user to charge a device via a Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector of the device and for allowing the user to provide mains power to a further device via an alternating current (AC) connector, the power outlet having a front side accessible by a user, and the power outlet including: at least one power socket for connection to mains power and for receiving the AC connector; an aperture for receiving a switch; and a Universal
Serial Bus (USB) port housed in a housing according to the first aspect, for receiving the USB connector.
In one form, the USB port is electrically connected to an output of a USB charging circuit, the USB charging circuit also including an input for connection to mains power.
In one form, in use, the USB charging circuit converts mains power at the input of between 100V and 240V alternating current (AC) to between 4.75V and 5.25V direct current (DC) at the output for supply to the USB port.
In one form, the engaging portion is provided by four deflectable clips for connecting the USB charging module to the supporting portion of the power outlet.
In one form, the power outlet includes a second power socket and two switches, at least one switch for controlling mains power supplied to at least one of the power sockets.
2018201644 07 Mar 2018
According to a sixth aspect, there is provided a method of installing a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module according to the second aspect, in a power outlet, the method including: connecting the USB charging module to the power outlet from a rear of the power outlet by connecting the engaging portion to a supporting portion at the rear of the power outlet so that the USB 5 port is accessible via an aperture in the power outlet; connecting the input of the USB charging circuit to mains power; and mounting the power outlet to a mounting surface.
In one form, the step of connecting the USB charging module to the power outlet includes inserting the engaging portion of the USB charging module into the supporting portion of the power outlet 0 causing the at least two clips of the engaging portion to each deflect upon engaging with a corresponding tapered surface of the supporting portion and then causing the at least two clips to each assume an undeflected position upon further inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion, to thereby retain the engaging portion to the supporting portion.
In one form, the step of connecting the input of the USB charging circuit to mains power includes connecting an active wire and a neutral wire of the USB charging module to mains power.
In one form, the step of connecting the input of the USB charging circuit to mains power occurs after the step of connecting the USB charging module to the power outlet.
In one form, the step of mounting the power outlet to a mounting surface includes mounting the power outlet to a wall around an aperture in the wall, and wherein the USB charging module is thereby retained within a cavity behind the wall.
According to a seventh aspect, there is provided an interface between a supporting portion located at a rear of a power outlet and a USB port, the power outlet having a front side accessible by a user when the power outlet is mounted to a surface, and the interface including at least two mating interfaces of the supporting portion, each engaging with a corresponding deflectable clip of an engaging portion disposed about the USB port to thereby retain the USB port to the power outlet, the interface having been formed by inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion from a rear side of the power outlet.
It will be understood that the term “comprise” and any of its derivatives (e.g. comprises, comprising) as used in this specification is to be taken to be inclusive of features to which it refers, and is not meant to exclude the presence of any additional features unless otherwise stated or implied.
2018201644 07 Mar 2018
The reference to any prior art in this specification is not, and should not be taken as, an acknowledgment or any form of suggestion that such prior art forms part of the common general knowledge of the technical field.
DRAWINGS
Various aspects of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the following drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a front perspective view of a USB charging module housing according to a first aspect of the present invention;
FIGURE 2 is a rear perspective view of the USB charging module housing of Figure 1;
FIGURE 3 is a detailed view of part of an engaging portion of the USB charging module housing as shown in Figure 1;
FIGURE 4 is a view of a removable cover that fits into the rear opening of a USB charging module housing;
FIGURE 5 shows an embodiment of a supporting portion of a surface mountable power outlet adapted to engage with a USB charging module housing;
FIGURE 6 is a detailed view of the mating interface of the supporting portion shown in Figure 5; FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of a USB charging module according to an embodiment of a second aspect of the present invention;
FIGURE 8 is a perspective view of a USB charging module according to another embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention;
FIGURE 9 is a side view of the USB charging module shown in Figure 8;
FIGURE 10 is an end or rear view of the USB charging module shown in Figure 7 (wires not shown); FIGURE 11 is a view of a USB charging module engaged with a grid or face plate of a surface mountable power outlet according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIGURE 12 is a view of a USB charging module engaged with a grid or face plate of a surface mountable power outlet according to another embodiment of the present invention;
FIGURE 13 is a surface mountable power outlet according to an embodiment of a third aspect of the present invention;
FIGURE 14 shows a surface mountable power outlet according to another embodiment of the third aspect of the present invention;
FIGURE 15 is a circuit schematic depicting an embodiment of the AC mains voltage step down and regulation component of the USB charging circuit;
FIGURE 16 is a circuit schematic of a power conditioning circuit with a DC-DC converter to regulate the current and voltage suitable for the USB charging module;
2018201644 07 Mar 2018
FIGURE 17 is a top view of a USB charging circuit adapted to fit inside the USB charging module housing of Figure 1;
FIGURE 18 is a perspective view of the USB charging circuit as shown in Figure 17;
FIGURES 19a-19c depict a sequential series of views of a method of installing a USB charging 5 module to a surface mountable power outlet according to a fourth aspect of the present invention; and FIGURE 20 shows a flow diagram illustrating a general method of installing a USB charging module into a surface mountable power outlet according to a fourth aspect of the present invention.
FIGURE 21 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a USB charging module suitable for front entry engagement with a power outlet.
FIGURE 22 is a section view through A-A of the engaging portion of the USB charging module housing of Figure 23;
FIGURE 23 is a front view of the USB charging module housing as depicted in Figure 21;
FIGURE 24 is a section view B-B of the supporting portion of the grid or face plate depicted in Figure 25;
FIGURE 25 is a front view of a grid or face plate suitable for engagement with the USB charging module of Figure 21;
FIGURE 26 shows the USB charging module of Figure 21 to be connected from the front of the grid or face plate according to an embodiment of the present invention; and
FIGURE 27 shows the USB charging module of Figure 21 to be connected from the front of the grid 0 or face plate according to another embodiment of the present invention.
In the following description, like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.
DESCRIPTION
Referring now to Figures 1-4, there is shown a USB charging module housing 10 according to a first aspect of the present invention. The housing 10 has an aperture 12 through a front face 11 that is large enough to provide access for a USB connector to plug into a USB port or socket 50 enclosed within the housing (see Figure 7). At the rear of the housing 10 (see Figure 2) is an opening or aperture 13 which enables access for inserting a USB charging circuit 60 (see Figure 7) into the housing 10.
Although this embodiment shows the rear of the housing as being open to provide an access means for the USB charging circuit 60, it is possible that the opening 13 could be located on a different face and may constitute an entire face or a part thereof. Figure 4 shows a removable cover 20 that engages with the rear of the housing 10 to substantially seal the enclosure from dust and ingress. The removable cover 20 has angled clips 26 and 27 that engage into mating apertures 16 and 15 respectively of the housing 10 in a snap fit arrangement. The lip of the angled clips 27 are inserted directly into apertures
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 and then the cover 20 is closed by applying force proximate the clips 26 until they snap into apertures 16. The clips 26, 27 are flexible and resilient so that they may bend sufficiently to allow fitment into the apertures 15, 16 whereupon they return to their undeformed positions.
In one embodiment, a feature of the housing 10 is the clip interface comprising four clips 14 that are positioned around the four side faces of the housing 10. These clips form an engaging portion that connects the housing 10 to a supporting portion 30 (see Figure 5) of a surface mountable power outlet. The supporting portion 30 may be integral with a grid or face plate of the power outlet or located on a mounting plate that is adapted to be connected to the rear of a grid or face plate. Figure 3 shows a detailed view of a clip 14, in particular illustrating a type of clip with a tapered front face 14b and substantially vertical rear face 14a. These clips are designed to engage with the mating interface 34 of the supporting portion 30 which is most clearly illustrated in Figure 6. Figure 6 shows detail of a typical mating interface 34 which will connect to a USB charging module housing 10. As the housing 10 is inserted into the supporting portion 30, the tapered surface 14b of the clip 14 will engage a corresponding tapered surface 35 of the supporting portion 30. As more insertion force is applied, the clip 14 will deflect slightly as it passes the vertical surface 37 of the supporting portion 30. The substantially vertical rear face 14a of the clip 14 will eventually pass the lowest point of the vertical surface 37, upon which it reaches the recessed horizontal surface 36 of the supporting portion 30. The compression force acting on the clip 14 is then released and it deflects back to its undeformed position and the substantially vertical rear face 14a engages in surface to surface contact with the horizontal recessed surface 36 of the supporting portion 30 to thereby retain housing 10 to the supporting portion 30. In the embodiment shown in Figure 5, the supporting portion 30 has only two mating interfaces 34 requiring that only two of the four clips 14 be used to connect the housing 10 to the supporting portion 30. In practice, two or more of the clips 14 may be used to secure the housing, and the supporting 25 portion 30 may also have two or more mating interface 34.
Referring now to Figure 7, there is shown a USB charging module 40 according to an embodiment of a second aspect of the present invention. Enclosed inside the housing 10 is a USB port 50 and a USB charging circuit 60. Wires 70, 71 to be connected to mains power are soldered directly onto a printed circuit board (PCB) 62 of the charging circuit 60 (see Figure 16). The wires 70, 71 exit the housing 10 through apertures 22 located through the removable cover 20 (see Figure 10). During installation these wires may be connected to mains power either directly or via a switch. In other embodiments, there may be simply provided screwed terminals for wire termination instead of a terminal block.
Referring now to Figures 8 and 9, there is shown a USB charging module 80 according to another embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention. Enclosed inside the housing 10 is USB port
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 and USB charging circuit 60 with a terminal block 65 to be connected to mains power. During installation, wires carrying mains power either directly or via a switch are connected to the terminal block 65 to power the USB charging circuit 60. The wires enter the housing 10 through apertures 18 located on one side of the housing 10.
In the USB charging module embodiments described above, the power input to the module is mains power (also known as household, supply or grid power) supplied between about 100-240V alternating current (AC). The USB charging circuit 60 regulates the voltage and steps it down to a usable 4.755.25V direct current (DC) which is typically required to charge many electronic devices.
Referring now to Figures 11-14, there are shown various embodiments of the USB charging module 40 or 80 connected to a grid or face plate of a surface mountable power outlet. Figure 11 shows USB charging module 40 engaged with a supporting portion 30 which is integral with a grid or face plate 100. In one example, the supporting portion 30 is integrally machined into the grid or face plate 100 5 during manufacture. In other embodiments, the supporting portion 30 is provided as a separate piece and is attached to the grid or faceplate during or before installation. The grid or face plate 100 can be constructed from plastic, metal or any other suitable materials. Figure 11 shows a grid or face plate 100 with two apertures 102 (only one visible in this view) capable of receiving switches or other electrical connectors in addition to USB ports. Further, as the USB charging module is modular in 0 design, it can always be easily interchanged for a switch or other desired user interface. The grid or face plate 100 shown in Figure 11 may be adapted in many ways such as providing for AC receptacles as commonly found in most household power outlets. The grid or face plate 100 is fastened to a wall by screws or other suitable fasteners through mounting lugs 101. These may be arranged in any suitable position on the grid or face plate 100 and may vary in quantity.
Figure 12 shows a USB charging module 80 engaged with a supporting portion 30 located in a mounting plate 200 that is adapted to be inserted into the rear of a grid or face plate 110. In this arrangement the supporting portion 30 is integrally machined into mounting plate 200. Such a mounting plate 200 (also known as a base or base plate) in standard power outlets, commonly includes electrical contacts for AC receptacles, switch mounting and terminals to connect mains power wiring. The mounting plate 200 is designed to be received by the rear of a grid or face plate 110. As shown in Figure 12, the mounting plate 200 is fastened to the grid or face plate 110 by screws at mounting positions 201. The grid or face plate 110 is mounted onto a wall by screws at mounting locations 111, 112.
2018201644 07 Mar 2018
Figure 13 more specifically shows a surface mountable power outlet 500 according to a third aspect of the present invention allowing a user to charge USB compatible devices. In this arrangement the USB charging module 40 or 80 is connected to a supporting portion 30 that may either by integral with the grid or face plate or located on a mounting plate adapted to be connected to the rear of the grid or face 5 plate. In this embodiment the power outlet 500 has a pair of switches and AC receptacles in addition to the USB charging module 40 or 80. A power outlet 500 such as this allows a user to plug in normal AC type connectors with power switched on or off and advantageously also provides a user with access to a USB port 50 for charging electronic devices. If the USB charging module 40 or 80 is wired directly to mains without a switch then the charging module 40 or 80 is constantly connected to mains 0 power so that when a user connects their device into the USB port, charging will begin automatically. If the USB charging module 40 or 80 is wired to mains via a switch, then power will not be drawn until the user engages the switch to an “ON” position. As shown in Figure 14 in another embodiment of a wall mounted power outlet 510, there is a USB charging module 40 or 80 provided additionally with LED status lights 55 that indicate whether the device connected to the port is charging or not. In 5 both Figures 13 and 14 there is also shown a cover plate 90, 91 that is adapted to fit around the periphery of the power outlet. The cover plate 90, 91 usually snap fits around the grid or face plate and is provided primarily for aesthetics when the power outlet is mounted to a surface such a wall or floor.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the surface mountable power outlet embodiments 0 illustrated in this text are by no means limiting to how the invention may be performed. The geometric arrangement of switches, AC receptacles, USB ports or other network connection ports may be customised to suit a particular application. The supporting portion 30 also need not necessarily be limited to being an integral portion of a grid or face plate or located on a mounting plate adapted to be inserted into the rear of a grid or face plate. The supporting portion 30 could be mounted or machined into almost any structure, including a box or other structural housing. Further, the engaging portion of the USB charging module housing and supporting portion of the power outlet may be designed with alternative interfaces to the clip arrangement shown which achieves the principle aim of the invention in providing a modular USB housing which is adapted to be installed in a surface mountable power outlet thereby allowing a user to charge USB compatible devices.
Referring now to Figures 15-19, there is shown the USB charging circuit 60 that receives a 240V AC mains power input and provides a 5V DC output to the USB port 50, suitable for charging USB compatible electronic devices. The USB charging circuit 60 comprises the following stages. In the first stage, shown in Figure 15, the 240V AC mains input is first stepped down using a transformer 61 to reduce the high AC voltage to a low AC voltage (e.g. 15V, 1.2A). This stepped down AC voltage is then passed through a rectifier circuit 63 (e.g. bridge rectifier) that outputs a full wave varying
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 rectified voltage shown as the output across load RL. As shown in Figure 16, this varying voltage is then smoothed with a capacitor to produce a relatively smooth DC voltage with a small ripple. A voltage regulator (e.g. 7812 Integrated Circuit (IC)) is then used to output a regulated 12V DC output as will be understood by the person skilled in the art.
In the second stage, an embodiment of which is shown in Figure 16, a DC-DC converter (e.g. Texas Instruments TPS40210 current mode boost controller) is then used to regulate the output suitable for the USB charger. The TPS40210 implements a DC-DC single-ended primary inductance converter (SEPIC) with input and output current regulation, as well as output voltage regulation implemented by 0 closed loop feedback control. The TPS40210 ensures that the output voltage of the USB charger is between about 4.75 and 5.25 V (nominally 5V DC) with an operating current of about 1A and also prevents overcharging. The voltage input in Figure 16 is the regulated 12V from the first stage, which is converted to a regulated 5V DC voltage output by the circuit shown. It should be understood that this is just one example of how a USB charging circuit may be implemented and any other suitable 5 circuit arrangement may be used.
Referring specifically to Figures 17 and 18 there is shown an embodiment of the physical circuit layout of the USB charging circuit 60. A double layered PCB 62 is used which provides a compact and efficient way to house all of the components inside the housing 10. On one layer of the PCB 62 there is mounted the USB port 50, an optional terminal block 65 and the circuit components for the AC mains voltage step down and first stage regulation (including transformer, capacitors, 7812 IC voltage regulator and rectifier circuit). On the second layer of the PCB 62 there is provided the power conditioning circuitry for the USB charger output (including the TPS40210 and various other capacitors, inductors, resistors and diodes).
In other embodiments, there is provided 2 or 3 or more PCBs over which the circuit components are arranged, rather than (or as well as) a double layered arrangement.
Referring now to Figures 19a-19c there is shown a sequential series of views of a method of installing 30 the USB charging module 80 to a surface mountable power outlet according to a fourth aspect of the present invention. In this embodiment, the mounting surface is a wall 90. In Figure 19a there is shown the step of connecting the engaging portion of the USB charging module housing 10 to a supporting portion 30 of the power outlet. Figure 19a shows the USB charging module 80 already having been engaged with the supporting portion 30. Figure 19b illustrates the next step of connecting the mains power to the USB charging circuit 60. The USB charging module 80 and grid or face plate assembly is held in close proximity to a wall opening where the power outlet is to be located. The wiring from the
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 mains (typically active and neutral wires, with earth optional) is physically connected to the USB charging circuit 60. The particular embodiment illustrated in Figures 19a-19c shows a USB charging module 80 with a terminal block 65 for terminating the mains wires. The final step in the installation is to attach or mount the power outlet to the wall 90 as illustrated in Figure 19c. The grid or face plate is 5 held flat against the wall 90 and screws or other suitable fastening means are inserted through mounting apertures in the grid or face plate and fastened securely to the wall 90. In another example, the USB charging module 40 may be connected using wires 70, 71 as previously described.
Figure 20 illustrates a flow diagram of a method of installing the USB charging module 40 or 80 to a surface mountable power outlet. In step 600, the installer begins with the USB charging module. In step 601, the engaging portion of the USB charging module housing 10 is connected to the supporting portion 30 of the power outlet. In step 602, a determination is made as to whether the supporting portion is located in a mounting plate that is not integral with the grid or faceplate. If the supporting portion 30 is integral with the grid or face plate, the mains power is connected to the USB charging circuit 60 and the power outlet is attached or mounted to the mounting surface (which may be a wall or floor or other appropriate surface) in step 604. If the supporting portion 30 is located in a mounting plate that is not integral with the grid or face plate, then there is an additional step 603 of connecting the mounting plate to the grid or face plate.
In step 605, the installer then connects the AC mains power to the USB and then in step the power outlet assembly is mounted or attached to the mounting surface such as the wall 90 or a floor. In step 606, the resulting product of the method is a surface mounted USB power or charging outlet.
Once installation is complete, the power outlet provides an interface to charge USB compatible 25 devices. The USB charging module 40,80 receives a mains input power between about 100-240V AC and converts this to a regulated 5V DC output suitable for charging USB compatible electronic devices. The modular housing 10 enables the power outlet to have interchangeable interfaces to suit operational requirements. The USB charging module 40,80 may be removed from the power outlet and replaced with a switch or any other interface without having to replace the entire power outlet.
Referring now to Figures 21-27, there is shown a further embodiment whereby the USB charging module 40,80 is connected to the supporting portion 130 of a grid or face plate 120 of a surface mountable power outlet from the front thereby providing a ‘front entry’ insertion option. Whereas previously described the USB charging module 40,80 is connected into a supporting portion 30 in the rear of the grid or face plate, it is also desirable to be able to insert the module from the front of the grid or face plate. It will be appreciated that this connection may be facilitated in many ways, an
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 example of which is shown in Figures 21-27. Figure 21 generally shows a USB charging module 40,80 which can be connected to mains power as previously described. In one form, the module may have a clip interface comprising clips 18 as shown in more detail in Figures 22-23. Figure 23 is a front view of a USB charging module housing 10 showing the location of two clips 18 suitable for front 5 entry connection of the module. Figure 22 is a sectional view through A-A of Figure 23 providing detail of a possible clip arrangement. This clip arrangement allows the housing 10 to engage with a supporting portion 130 of a grid or face plate 120 as shown in Figure 25. Figure 24 shows as a sectional view through B-B of Figure 25 which generally shows the supporting portion 130 in more detail. The housing 10 of the USB charging module 40,80 is inserted through aperture 132 of the 0 supporting portion 130. The clip arrangement facilitates a snap-fit connection between the clips 18 and the supporting portion 130. As the module is inserted into the grid or face plate, the resilient clips 18 bend slightly as force is applied such that the outer most surface 18b of the clips 18 can pass the inner most surface 133 of the supporting portion 130.Once engaged, surface 19 of the housing 10 mates with recessed surface 131 of the supporting portion 130 and surface 18a of the clips 18 is in contact with 5 surface 134 of the supporting portion 130.
Figures 26-27 show exploded views of the USB charging module 40,80 and grid or face plate front entry installation. Figure 26 shows a grid or face plate 120 with two apertures 132 which enables more than one USB charging module 40,80 to be inserted. Figure 27 shows a grid or face plate 140 with a single aperture 132 for receiving a USB charging module 40,80 from the front. In addition, Figure 27 shows a cover plate 145 that is attached or mounted to the grid or face plate after the USB charging module 40,80 has been connected and screws 146 for attaching or mounting the grid or face plate to a surface such as a wall or floor.
Although various illustrative embodiments of the present invention have been described in the foregoing detailed description, it will be understood that the invention is not limited to the embodiments disclosed, but is capable of numerous rearrangements, modifications and substitutions without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth and defined by the following claims.
2018201644 07 Mar 2018

Claims (17)

1. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) port housed in a housing including an engaging portion, the
5 engaging portion including at least two deflectable clips, each for engaging with a corresponding recessed surface of a corresponding mating interface of a supporting portion disposed at the rear of a power outlet for retaining the USB port to the power outlet, upon insertion of the engaging portion into the supporting portion from the rear of the power outlet.
2. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) port housed in a housing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least two deflectable clips each has a tapered surface for engaging with a corresponding tapered surface of the corresponding mating interface of the supporting portion and for causing deflection of the corresponding deflectable clip upon insertion of the engaging
5 portion into the supporting portion.
3. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) port housed in a housing as claimed in claim 2 wherein the at least two deflectable clips each includes a face for engaging with the corresponding recessed surface of the supporting portion for thereby retaining the USB port to the power
0 outlet.
4. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) port housed in a housing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the engaging portion includes four deflectable clips for engaging with the supporting portion.
5. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module including: a housing; a USB port;
an engaging portion including at least two deflectable clips, each for engaging with 30 a recessed surface of a corresponding mating interface of a supporting portion of a power outlet disposed at the rear of the power outlet for retaining the USB port to the power outlet upon the at least two deflectable clips being inserted into the supporting portion from the rear of the power outlet; and a USB charging circuit housed in the housing and electrically connected to the 35 USB port at an output and for connection to mains power at an input.
6. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in claim 5 wherein the at least
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 two deflectable clips each has a tapered surface for engaging with a corresponding tapered surface of the corresponding mating interface of the supporting portion and for causing deflection of the corresponding deflectable clip upon insertion of the engaging portion into the 5 supporting portion.
7. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in any one of claims 5 or 6 wherein the engaging portion includes four deflectable clips for connecting the USB charging module to the supporting portion.
8. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in any one of claims 5 to 7 wherein the USB charging module is removable from the supporting portion once connected to the supporting portion.
5 9. A Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in any one of claims 5 to 8 wherein the USB charging circuit, in use, converts mains power input of between 100 V and 240V alternating current (AC) to between 4.75V and 5.25V direct current (DC) at the output for supply to the USB port.
10. A method of connecting a Universal Serial Bus (USB) housing to a power outlet having a front side accessible by a user when the power outlet is mounted to a surface, the USB housing housing a USB port and including an engaging portion, the method including:
engaging the engaging portion of the USB housing with a supporting portion located at a rear side of the power outlet by inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion from the rear side of the power outlet, thereby retaining the USB housing to the power outlet.
11. A method of connecting a Universal Serial Bus (USB) housing as claimed in claim 10 30 wherein the step of engaging the engaging portion of the USB housing with the supporting portion includes causing at least two clips of the engaging portion to each deflect upon engaging with a corresponding tapered surface of the supporting portion upon inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion and then causing the at least two clips to each assume an undeflected position upon further inserting the engaging portion into the
35 supportingportion.
2018201644 07 Mar 2018
12. A method of connecting a Universal Serial Bus (USB) housing as claimed in any one of claims 10 or 11 wherein the step of inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion also causes the USB port to be located within an aperture in the power outlet to allow access to the USB port by a user via the aperture.
13. A method of connecting a Universal Serial Bus (USB) housing as claimed in any one of claims
10 to 12 further including the step of connecting one or more electrical terminals of the USB housing to mains power.
14. A power outlet for allowing a user to charge a device via a Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector of the device, the power outlet having a front side accessible by a user when the power outlet is mounted to a surface, the power outlet including:
an aperture for receiving a switch; and
5 a USB port housed in a housing as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, for receiving the USB connector; wherein the USB port is disposed in the aperture and is connected to the power outlet at the supporting portion located at the rear of the power outlet.
0 15. A power outlet as claimed in claim 14 wherein the USB port is electrically connected to an output of a USB charging circuit, the USB charging circuit also including an input for connection to mains power.
16. A power outlet as claimed in claim 15 further including a second aperture in which is disposed
5 a switch for controlling mains power supplied to the USB charging circuit.
17. A power outlet as claimed in any one of claims 15 or 16 wherein, in use, the USB charging circuit converts mains power received at the input of between 100 V and 240V alternating current (AC) to between 4.75V and 5.25V direct current (DC) at the output for supply to the
30 USB port.
18. A power outlet for allowing a user to charge a device via a Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector of the device and for allowing the user to provide mains power to a further device via an alternating current (AC) connector, the power outlet having a front side accessible by a
35 user, and the power outlet including:
at least one power socket for connection to mains power and for receiving the AC connector;
2018201644 07 Mar 2018 an aperture for receiving a switch; and a Universal Serial Bus (USB) port housed in a housing as claimed in claim 1, for receiving the USB connector.
19. A power outlet as claimed in claim 18 wherein the USB port is electrically connected to an output of a USB charging circuit, the USB charging circuit also including an input for connection to mains power.
0 20. A power outlet as claimed in claim 19 wherein, in use, the USB charging circuit converts mains power at the input of between 100V and 240V alternating current (AC) to between 4.75V and 5.25V direct current (DC) at the output for supply to the USB port.
21. A power outlet as claimed in any one of claims 18 to 20 wherein the engaging portion is
5 provided by four deflectable clips for connecting the USB charging module to the supporting portion of the power outlet.
22. A power outlet as claimed in any one of claims 18 to 21 including a second power socket and two switches, at least one switch for controlling mains power supplied to at least one of the
0 power sockets.
23. A method of installing a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in claim 5, in a power outlet, the method including:
connecting the USB charging module to the power outlet from a rear of the power
5 outlet by connecting the engaging portion to a supporting portion at the rear of the power outlet so that the USB port is accessible via an aperture in the power outlet; connecting the input of the USB charging circuit to mains power; and mounting the power outlet to a mounting surface.
24. A method of installing a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in claim 23 wherein the step of connecting the USB charging module to the power outlet includes inserting the engaging portion of the USB charging module into the supporting portion of the power outlet causing the at least two clips of the engaging portion to each deflect upon engaging with
35 a corresponding tapered surface of the supporting portion and then causing the at least two clips to each assume an undeflected position upon further inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion, to thereby retain the engaging portion to the supporting portion.
2018201644 07 Mar 2018
25. A method of installing a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in any one of claims 23 to 24 wherein the step of connecting the input of the USB charging circuit to mains power includes connecting an active wire and a neutral wire of the USB charging module to mains power.
26. A method of installing a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in any one of claims 23 to 25 wherein the step of connecting the input of the USB charging circuit to mains power occurs after the step of connecting the USB charging module to the power outlet.
27. A method of installing a Universal Serial Bus (USB) charging module as claimed in any one of claims 23 to 26 wherein the step of mounting the power outlet to a mounting surface includes mounting the power outlet to a wall around an aperture in the wall, and wherein the USB charging module is thereby retained within a cavity behind the wall.
28. An interface between a supporting portion located at a rear of a power outlet and a USB port, the power outlet having a front side accessible by a user when the power outlet is mounted to a surface, and the interface including at least two mating interfaces of the supporting portion, each engaging with a corresponding deflectable clip of an engaging portion disposed about the
0 USB port to thereby retain the USB port to the power outlet, the interface having been formed by inserting the engaging portion into the supporting portion from a rear side of the power outlet.
29. An interface as claimed in claim 28 wherein the at least two mating interfaces each includes a
z.5 recessed surface engaging with a face of the corresponding deflectable clip.
30. An interface as claimed in claim 29 wherein the at least two mating interfaces each includes a tapered surface for engaging a tapered surface of the corresponding clip upon insertion of the corresponding clip into the at least two mating interfaces.
31. An interface as claimed in any one of claims 28 to 30 wherein the supporting portion is disposed about an aperture in the power outlet.
32. An interface as claimed in claim 31 wherein the USB port is disposed within the switch
35 aperture and is accessible via the aperture.
1/17
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Figure 2
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Figure 3
Figure 4
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Figure 6
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Figure 9
Figure 10
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Figure 12
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Figure 14
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Figure 15
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Figure 16
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62J v65
Figure 18
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Figure 19a Figure 19b Figure 19c
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602
604
605
603
606
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40,80
Figure 21
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Figure 22
Figure 23
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134^ Μ 33
Figure 24
132
B
A
131
120
Figure 25
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120
Figure 26
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Figure 27
AU2018201644A 2010-11-25 2018-03-07 Usb outlet charger Abandoned AU2018201644A1 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2010905218A AU2010905218A0 (en) 2010-11-25 USB outlet charger
AU2010905218 2010-11-25
AU2011334615A AU2011334615B2 (en) 2010-11-25 2011-11-25 USB outlet charger
AU2016201786A AU2016201786A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2016-03-21 Usb outlet charger
AU2018201644A AU2018201644A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2018-03-07 Usb outlet charger

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2018201644A AU2018201644A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2018-03-07 Usb outlet charger

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AU2016102036A Expired AU2016102036B4 (en) 2010-11-25 2016-11-25 Usb charger
AU2018201644A Abandoned AU2018201644A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2018-03-07 Usb outlet charger

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AU2016102036A Expired AU2016102036B4 (en) 2010-11-25 2016-11-25 Usb charger

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US9496726B2 (en) 2013-07-31 2016-11-15 Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc. Multiport USB charger
CN103647320A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-03-19 北京博扬德科技有限公司 Vehicle-mounted charger based on printed card verification
AU2016259450B2 (en) * 2015-11-19 2021-11-04 Schneider Electric (Australia) Pty Limited Adapter for electrical and/or mechanical device
US10116102B2 (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-10-30 Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc. Wiring device compatible with user-interchangeable modules
AU2017203421B2 (en) * 2016-05-23 2021-12-16 Legrand Australia Pty Ltd Power outlet assembly
CN106714480A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-05-24 深圳市稀路电器有限公司 USB (universal serial bus) power source module
JP6890275B2 (en) * 2017-07-20 2021-06-18 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 USB outlet
US10923941B2 (en) 2018-09-18 2021-02-16 Leviton Manufacturing Company, Inc. Systems and methods for universal serial bus (USB) power delivery with multiple charging ports
CN110290632B (en) * 2019-06-21 2021-12-14 苏州佳世达光电有限公司 Electronic device for electrostatic discharge protection
CN110224247A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-10 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 The DC interface of big electricity can be met

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US7112096B2 (en) * 2004-03-03 2006-09-26 Fujitsu Limited Hot contact adapter for portable computing device
CN201213213Y (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-03-25 吴文智 Switch socket panel having USB charging slot

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AU2011334615B2 (en) 2015-12-24
CN103222120A (en) 2013-07-24
SG190016A1 (en) 2013-06-28
GB2498886B (en) 2016-10-05
NZ609735A (en) 2015-06-26
CN103222120B (en) 2017-05-03
AU2011334615A1 (en) 2013-03-21
ZA201303075B (en) 2014-09-25
AU2016201786A1 (en) 2016-04-07
GB201307918D0 (en) 2013-06-12
AU2016102036A4 (en) 2017-01-12
MY164835A (en) 2018-01-30

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