AU2018100703A4 - New cutting pick - Google Patents

New cutting pick Download PDF

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Publication number
AU2018100703A4
AU2018100703A4 AU2018100703A AU2018100703A AU2018100703A4 AU 2018100703 A4 AU2018100703 A4 AU 2018100703A4 AU 2018100703 A AU2018100703 A AU 2018100703A AU 2018100703 A AU2018100703 A AU 2018100703A AU 2018100703 A4 AU2018100703 A4 AU 2018100703A4
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AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
main
cutting
cutting pick
tooth
pick
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Ceased
Application number
AU2018100703A
Inventor
Gang Yang
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Gang Yang
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Publication date
Priority to CN201610877452.7 priority Critical
Priority to PCT/CN2017/092134 priority patent/WO2018064901A1/en
Application filed by Gang Yang filed Critical Gang Yang
Priority to AU2018100703A priority patent/AU2018100703A4/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU2018100703A4 publication Critical patent/AU2018100703A4/en
Ceased legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a new cutting pick, comprising a main body, a cutting tooth provided on the main body and a circular cone frustum wedge; wherein the cutting tooth is a polycrystalline diamond composite tooth and consists of a polycrystalline diamond composite layer and a hard alloy base seat; the main body of the cutting pick comprises a main body upper portion and a main body lower portion, the main body upper portion is provided therein with a hollow structure which is embedded with the cutting tooth part as well as the circular cone frustum wedge; the main body upper portion is provided at its top with a cone hole; the hard alloy base seat of the cutting tooth, the circular cone frustum wedge, and the cone hole provided at the top of the main body upper portion are connected together by interference fit. With the above solution(s) of the present invention, the effect(s) of welding or hot-pressing on the polycrystalline diamond cutting teeth can be avoided, the impact resistance and the wear resistance of the diamond composite teeth can be significantly improved, and the service life of the cutting pick can be significantly prolonged.

Description

New Cutting Pick
RELATED APPLICATION
This application is a divisional of International patent application PCT/CN2017/092134 filed 7 July 2017, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
TECHNICAL FIELD
The present invention relates to the field of roadway excavation machines, coal winning machines, shield machines and rotary drilling rigs, and specifically to a new cutting pick.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
In the prior art, excavation machines, combined mining machines, shield machines and rotary drilling rigs are widely used various coal mine tunnel excavation engineering constructions. The cutting head is a main part in the excavation machines, combined mining machines, shield machines and rotary drilling rigs. The cutting pick is fixed, via a tooth seat, onto the cutting head. The cutting pick generally uses a hard alloy tooth tip (called as the hard alloy cutting pick), generally in a shape of a circular cone, and is directly fixed onto the respective base seat. During a practical working process, the cutting head, as the main stressed part, cuts rocks by the cutting pick in an impacting manner.
In this case, when facing a rock stratum with a relatively higher hardness, it bears a relatively larger impact load and friction, and the hard alloy cutting pick thereon wears fast, thus affecting the working efficiency seriously. A traditional cutting pick is composed of two portions: the hard alloy tooth head and the cutting pick main body which are generally connected together into one piece by the high temperature welding or hot-pressing technology, with copper as the welding material. During welding, the high temperature will affect the component structure in the hard alloy and decrease the strength, wear resistance and impact resistance of the cutting pick, thus reducing the service life of the cutting pick. Therefore, there is a need for a cutting pick having better impact resistant strength and wear resistance in production. A reference herein to a patent document or any other matter identified as prior art, is not to be taken as an admission that the document or other matter was known or that the information it contains was part of the common general knowledge as at the priority date of any of the claims.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
In order to ameliorate the above technical problem(s), a new cutting pick is provided according to the present invention which is high in impact resistance and in wear resistance.
According to the present invention, there is provided a new cutting pick, comprising a main body, a cutting tooth (1) provided on the main body, and a circular cone frustum wedge (2); wherein the cutting tooth (1) is a polycrystalline diamond composite tooth and consists of a polycrystalline diamond composite layer (12) and a hard alloy base seat (13); the polycrystalline diamond composite layer (12) of the cutting tooth, as the cutting tooth of the cutting pick, extends out of the main body of the cutting pick; the main body of the cutting pick comprises a main body upper portion (4) and a main body lower portion (5).
Further, the main body upper portion is provided therein with a hollow structure which is embedded with the cutting tooth part (1) as well as the circular cone frustum wedge (2); the main body upper portion is provided at its top with a cone hole (8); the hard alloy base seat (13) of the cutting tooth, the circular cone frustum wedge (2), and the cone hole (8) provided at the top of the main body upper portion are connected by interference fit.
Further, the main body upper portion (4) and the main body lower portion (5) are interconnected together by a screw thread (6).
Further, a welding groove (7) is provided at the site of the interconnection, and they are interconnected together by performing welding to the welding groove, thus forming an integral structure.
Further, the main body lower portion (5) is provided at its top with a connecting push rod (9) which is in contact with the hard alloy base seat (13) of the cutting tooth and the circular cone frustum wedge (2).
Further, the main body lower portion (5) is provided at its bottom with a clip spring groove (10) which is held to the base seat of the cutting pick.
Further, the main body upper portion is provided at its wearing area with a wear resistant layer (3); the wear resistant layer is formed by surfacing welding a tungsten carbide welding rod to the wearing area of the main body of the cutting pick using the argon arc welding technology, and is all coated onto the surface of the main body.
Further, the wear resistant layer (3) on the main body upper portion of the cutting pick is welded in a ring shape, wherein the tungsten carbide layer by surfacing welding is added layer by layer in an axial direction of the main body, with its thickness increasing accordingly in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the main body.
Further, the main body of the cutting pick is rotationally connected with a tooth seat center.
Further, the main body lower portion is provided at its middle portion with a cylindrical body (11) which is located below the screw thread of the main body lower portion.
According to the present invention, the effect(s) of welding or hot-pressing on the polycrystalline diamond cutting teeth can be ameliorated, the impact resistance and the wear resistance of the diamond composite teeth can be improved, and the wear resistant layer added to the wearing area of the cutting pick can improve the wear resistance of the cutting pick and provide improved support to the diamond composite teeth.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be explained hereinafter in the description or can be understood by implementation of the present invention. The purpose(s) and other advantages of the present invention can be achieved and obtained by the structures specifically indicated in the description, the claims as well as the accompanying drawings.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings to make the above advantage(s) of the present invention clearer.
Figure 1 is a structural diagram of a cutting pick of the present invention;
Figure 2 is a structural diagram of a main body upper portion and a main body lower portion of the new cutting pick of figure 1;
Figure 3 is a structural diagram of a polycrystalline diamond composite tooth of the cutting pick of the present invention; and
Figures 4 and 5 are structural diagrams of a circular cone frustum wedge of the cutting pick of the present invention.
DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS
Hereinafter, the specific implementations of the present invention will be further described in detail, in connection with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments. The following embodiments are provided for explaining the present invention, rather than limiting the scope of the present invention.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the structural diagrams of a new cutting pick according to the embodiment(s) of the present invention are provided. The new cutting pick comprises: a main body, a cutting tooth part and a circular cone frustum wedge (2) provided on the main body; wherein the cutting tooth part comprises a polycrystalline diamond composite layer (12) and a hard alloy base seat (13); the main body of the cutting pick comprises a main body upper portion (4) and a main body lower portion (5), the main body upper portion is provided therein with a hollow structure which is embedded with the cutting tooth part as well as the circular cone frustum wedge (2), and in addition, the main body upper portion is provided at its top with a cone hole (8); the polycrystalline diamond composite layer (12) of the cutting tooth, as the cutting tooth of the cutting pick, is higher than the main body. The hard alloy base seat (13) of the cutting tooth, the circular cone frustum wedge (2) as shown, and the cone hole (8) provided at the top of the main body upper portion are connected together by interference fit.
More specifically, the main body upper portion (4) and the main body lower portion (5) are interconnected together by a screw thread. The main body upper portion is provided with an inner screw thread and the main body lower portion is provided with an outer screw thread. The main body lower portion is provided at its top with a connecting push rod (9) which presses against the bottom of the hard alloy base seat (13) of the cutting tooth and the bottom of the circular cone frustum wedge (figure 4). In a preferred embodiment, a welding groove (7) is provided at the site of the interconnection, and they are interconnected together by performing welding to the welding groove, thus forming an integral structure.
In addition, the main body lower portion is provided at its bottom with a clip spring groove (10) which is connected to the base seat of the cutting pick, wherein the main body of the cutting pick is rotationally connected with a tooth seat center.
In an embodiment, during mounting, the hard alloy base seat (13) of the cutting tooth and the circular cone frustum wedge (2) are secured into the cone hole by the pretension force of the screw threads of the main body upper portion and the main body lower portion as well as the cooperation with the connecting push rod (9); and then the interconnection site of the upper and lower bodies of the cutting pick for pretension is welded. Such improvement results in that the effect(s) of high temperature during welding or hot-pressing on the bonded structure between the diamond composite layer and the alloy base seat of the polycrystalline diamond cutting teeth can be avoided, and thus the impact resistance and the wear resistance of the new diamond composite can be significantly improved such that it can be applied to coal seam or rock stratum mining, to replace the hard alloy.
In an embodiment, the explanation is provided referring to figure 3. The cutting tooth comprises the polycrystalline diamond composite layer (12) and the hard alloy base seat (13), the hard alloy base seat (13) is fitted and secured to the cone hole of the main body upper portion of the cutting pick by the circular cone frustum wedge (figure 4), and during assembling with the angle a, the circular cone face and the inner side face of the circular cone frustum wedge (figure 4) are completely secured and fitted. The polycrystalline diamond composite tooth is used as an excavation tool for cutting rocks, to replace the hard alloy tooth tip.
In an embodiment, as shown in figures 1 and 2, at least a portion of the main body upper portion is provided with a wear resistant layer (3) which is welded in a ring shape. The wear resistant layer is coated onto the surface of the wearing area on the main body of the cutting pick. The wear resistant layer is formed by surfacing welding a tungsten carbide welding rod to the wearing area of the main body of the cutting pick using the argon arc welding technology. During welding, a dedicated clamping tool is used to rotate the main body of the cutting pick and also the argon arc welding is used for surfacing-welding of the tungsten carbide welding rod, wherein the main body is preheated before welding and is processed by heat preservation measures after welding. Thus, the wear resistant effect of the wearing area of the main body can be improved.
In an embodiment, as shown in figure 4, the wedge is in a circular cone frustum shape which is provided on its circumference with a through groove 14 by machining. During assembling, the circular coning body face at the bottom of the hard alloy base seat (13) and the inner side face of the circular cone frustum wedge (figure 4) are completely secured and fitted, and the outer side face of the circular cone frustum wedge and the circular cone face (8) of the main body upper portion are completely fitted and secured.
In an embodiment, the polycrystalline diamond cutting tooth may be made from the prior diamond composite materials. For example, in a preferred embodiment, during manufacturing, the cutting tooth having a reasonable size is produced according to the requirements of design parameters, and it is formed by putting the diamond powder and the adhesive onto the hard alloy and then performing sintering under high temperature and high pressure.
In an embodiment, the main body lower portion is provided at its middle portion with a cylindrical body (11) which is located below the screw thread of the main body lower portion.
In the present invention, based on the prior art, the polycrystalline diamond composite tooth is used as the cutting tooth of the cutting pick. The improved cutting pick uses the screw thread to fasten the cutting tooth as well as the circular cone frustum wedge into the fitting cone hole of the main body. In addition, the wear resistant layer is added to the wearing area of the cutting pick such that the impact resistance and the wear resistance of the cutting pick are improved.
Moreover, the main body of the cutting pick can provide excellent support to the new diamond composite teeth. The diamond composite tooth is used as an excavation tool for cutting rocks, to replace the hard alloy tooth.
Finally, it should be noted that the above description is provided only for the preferred embodiments of the present invention, not for limiting the present invention. Though the present invention is explained in detail with reference to the above embodiments, those skilled in the art can make amendments to the technical solutions recorded in the above embodiments or make equivalent substitutions to some technical features therein.
Any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and the like made within the scope of the spirit and principle of the present invention should fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Those skilled in the art should understand that the above specific description is provided only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, rather than limiting the present invention. The protection scope of the present invention is defined by the claims and the equivalent solutions thereof.
Where any or all of the terms "comprise", "comprises", "comprised" or "comprising" are used in this specification (including the claims) they are to be interpreted as specifying the presence of the stated features, integers, steps or components, but not precluding the presence of one or more other features, integers, steps or components.

Claims (10)

  1. The claims defining the invention are as follows:
    1. A new cutting pick, comprising a main body, a cutting tooth provided on the main body and a circular cone frustum wedge; wherein the cutting tooth is a polycrystalline diamond composite tooth and consists of a polycrystalline diamond composite layer and a hard alloy base seat; the polycrystalline diamond composite layer of the cutting tooth, as the cutting tooth of the cutting pick, extends out of the main body of the cutting pick; the main body of the cutting pick comprises a main body upper portion and a main body lower portion.
  2. 2. The new cutting pick according to claim 1, wherein the main body upper portion is provided with a hollow structure which is embedded with the cutting tooth part as well as the circular cone frustum wedge; the main body upper portion is provided at its top with a cone hole; the hard alloy base seat of the cutting tooth, the circular cone frustum wedge, and the cone hole provided at the top of the main body upper portion are connected by interference fit.
  3. 3. The new cutting pick according to claim 1, wherein the main body upper portion and the main body lower portion are interconnected together by a screw thread.
  4. 4. The new cutting pick according to claim 3, wherein a welding groove is provided at the site of the interconnection.
  5. 5. The new cutting pick according to claim 1, wherein the main body lower portion is provided at its top with a connecting push rod which is in contact with the hard alloy base seat of the cutting tooth and the circular cone frustum wedge.
  6. 6. The new cutting pick according to claim 1, wherein the main body lower portion is provided at its bottom with a clip spring groove which is held to the base seat of the cutting pick.
  7. 7. The new cutting pick according to claim 1, wherein the main body upper portion is provided at its wearing area with a wear resistant layer; the wear resistant layer is formed by surfacing welding a tungsten carbide welding rod to the wearing area of the main body of the cutting pick using the argon arc welding technology, and is all coated onto the surface of the main body.
  8. 8. The new cutting pick according to claim 7, wherein the wear resistant layer on the main body upper portion of the cutting pick is welded in a ring shape, wherein the tungsten carbide layer by surfacing welding is added layer by layer in an axial direction of the main body, with its thickness increasing accordingly in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the main body.
  9. 9. The new cutting pick according to claim 1, wherein the main body of the cutting pick is rotationally connected with a tooth seat center.
  10. 10. The new cutting pick according to claim 1, wherein the main body lower portion is provided at its middle portion with a cylindrical body which is located below the screw thread of the main body lower portion.
AU2018100703A 2016-10-09 2018-05-25 New cutting pick Ceased AU2018100703A4 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610877452.7 2016-10-09
PCT/CN2017/092134 WO2018064901A1 (en) 2016-10-09 2017-07-07 New cutting pick
AU2018100703A AU2018100703A4 (en) 2016-10-09 2018-05-25 New cutting pick

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2018100703A AU2018100703A4 (en) 2016-10-09 2018-05-25 New cutting pick

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2017/092134 Division WO2018064901A1 (en) 2016-10-09 2017-07-07 New cutting pick

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU2018100703A4 true AU2018100703A4 (en) 2018-06-28

Family

ID=62635865

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2018100703A Ceased AU2018100703A4 (en) 2016-10-09 2018-05-25 New cutting pick

Country Status (1)

Country Link
AU (1) AU2018100703A4 (en)

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