AU2013262356A1 - High-efficiency mining method for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials and high-efficiency mining machine for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials - Google Patents

High-efficiency mining method for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials and high-efficiency mining machine for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials Download PDF

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AU2013262356A1
AU2013262356A1 AU2013262356A AU2013262356A AU2013262356A1 AU 2013262356 A1 AU2013262356 A1 AU 2013262356A1 AU 2013262356 A AU2013262356 A AU 2013262356A AU 2013262356 A AU2013262356 A AU 2013262356A AU 2013262356 A1 AU2013262356 A1 AU 2013262356A1
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Australia
Prior art keywords
impact
layer material
layer
blanking
teeth
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AU2013262356A
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AU2013262356B2 (en
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Suhua LIU
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Suhua LIU
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Application filed by Suhua LIU filed Critical Suhua LIU
Priority to PCT/CN2013/000553 priority patent/WO2013170629A1/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C27/00Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam
    • E21C27/10Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam by both slitting and breaking-down
    • E21C27/12Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam by both slitting and breaking-down breaking-down effected by acting on the vertical face of the mineral, e.g. by percussive tools
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C25/00Cutting machines, i.e. for making slits approximately parallel or perpendicular to the seam
    • E21C25/02Machines slitting solely by one or more percussive tools moved through the seam
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C27/00Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam
    • E21C27/20Mineral freed by means not involving slitting
    • E21C27/28Mineral freed by means not involving slitting by percussive drills with breaking-down means, e.g. wedge-shaped tools
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Miscellaneous items relating to machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam
    • E21C35/18Mining picks; Holders therefor
    • E21C35/19Means for fixing picks or holders
    • E21C35/193Means for fixing picks or holders using bolts as main fixing elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Miscellaneous items relating to machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam
    • E21C35/18Mining picks; Holders therefor
    • E21C35/19Means for fixing picks or holders
    • E21C35/197Means for fixing picks or holders using sleeves, rings or the like, as main fixing elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Miscellaneous items relating to machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam
    • E21C35/18Mining picks; Holders therefor
    • E21C35/188Mining picks; Holders therefor characterised by adaptations to use an extraction tool

Abstract

A high-efficiency mining machine for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials. A machine body of the mining machine is provided with a falling-material percussion mechanism (3). The falling-material percussion mechanism (3) comprises an outer-layer-material percussion mechanism (4) and an inner-layer-material percussion mechanism (5). The outer-layer-material percussion mechanism (4) comprises outer-layer-material percussion teeth (4.1). The outer-layer-material percussion teeth are disposed so that materials percussed down by the inner-layer-material percussion mechanism flow out through gaps between the outer-layer-material percussion teeth and/or a discharge hole (8) is reserved in the outer-layer-material percussion mechanism so that materials percussed down by the inner-layer-material percussion mechanism flow out through the discharge hole (8) of the outer-layer-material percussion mechanism. The inner-layer-material percussion mechanism comprises inner-layer-material percussion teeth (5.1). The inner-layer-material percussion mechanism and the outer-layer-material percussion mechanism work with each other to implement percussion and discharge of falling-materials. Also disclosed is a high-efficiency mining method for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials. The mining machine has a simple structure and works in a reliable way.

Description

FP140406 EFFICIENT IMPACT BLANKING DIGGING METHOD WITHOUT MATERIAL CLAMPING AND EFFICIENT IMPACT BLANKING DIGGING MACHINE WITHOUT MATERIAL CLAMPING 5 Field of the Invention The present invention belongs to the field of machinery, is especially suitable for the field of digging machinery or engineering machinery, and particularly relates to an efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping and an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping. 10 Background of the Invention The existing impact type digging impact mechanisms as punching and cutting digging equipment, impact heading equipment, bucket excavating equipment and the like is generally a double-layer impact mechanism or a multilayer impact 15 mechanism. For the structural form of the double-layer or multilayer impact mechanism on the digging equipment, the structural forms of an inner-layer impact mechanism and an outer-layer impact mechanism are generally uniform structures or similar structures. Therefore, in a material impacting process of the impact mechanisms, a material clamped between the impact mechanisms cannot be 20 discharged. Namely, after being dug by the inner-layer impact mechanism close to a material layer, the material is clamped between the inner and outer-layer impact mechanisms and cannot be discharged, a material block failing to be discharged is extruded into broken materials, thus reducing the lump material rate of the produced material and increasing the operation resistance of the impact mechanisms, and the 25 material block failing to be discharged causes break-off of the impact mechanisms 1 FP140406 to damage the application performance of the equipment and even prevent continuous production if the case is serious. In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides an efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping and an efficient 5 impact blanking digging machine without material clamping. Summary of the Invention The present invention provides an efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping, including the following steps: an impact blanking mechanism 10 and the like are arranged on the machine body of a digging machine, wherein the impact blanking mechanism includes an outer-layer material impact mechanism and/or an inner-layer material impact mechanism and the like, the outer-layer material impact mechanism and the inner-layer material impact mechanism are arranged side by side, the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes outer 15 layer material impact teeth and the like, the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of a material layer to be dug, the outer-layer material impact teeth are conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or a discharge hole is reserved on the 20 outer-layer material impact mechanism to enable the material blanked by the inner layer material impact mechanism to flow out from the discharge hole of the outer layer material impact mechanism, the inner-layer material impact mechanism includes inner-layer material impact teeth and the like, and the inner-layer material impact mechanism and/or the outer-layer material impact mechanism cooperate to 25 realize impact blanking and discharging. 2 FP140406 The present invention further provides an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping used for implementing the efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping, including a machine body, a walking mechanism and the like, wherein the efficient impact blanking digging machine 5 without material clamping further includes an impact blanking mechanism and the like, the walking mechanism is arranged at the front part, the rear part or the lower part and the like of the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism is connected with the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism includes an outer-layer material impact mechanism and/or an inner-layer material impact mechanism and 10 the like, the outer-layer material impact mechanism and the inner-layer material impact mechanism are arranged adjacently, the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes outer-layer material impact teeth and the like, the inner-layer material impact mechanism includes inner-layer material impact teeth and the like, the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking 15 the outer-layer material of a material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer-layer material impact mechanism is provided with a discharge hole to enable the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism to flow out from the discharge hole of the 20 outer-layer material impact mechanism, and the inner-layer material impact mechanism and/or the outer-layer material impact mechanism cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging. The arrangement and/or shape of the outer-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of the material layer to be dug and is conductive 25 to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth. 3 FP140406 The outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer material impact tooth frame and the like, wherein the outer-layer material impact teeth and the outer layer material impact tooth frame are movably connected or are integrated. The inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer material impact 5 tooth frame and the like, wherein the inner-layer material impact teeth and the inner layer material impact tooth frame are movably connected or are integrated. The outer-layer material impact teeth include one or more rows of impact teeth and the like. The inner-layer material impact teeth include one or more rows of impact teeth and 10 the like. The impact teeth include a front row of impact teeth and/or a rear row of impact teeth and the like. The front row of impact teeth and/or rear row of impact teeth include impact teeth with non material clamping shapes, wherein the impact teeth with non material 15 clamping shapes are conductive to discharging the material blanked by the front row impact teeth and/or rear row impact teeth and the like and are conductive to continuous digging, discharging and the like. The arrangement and/or shape of the front row of impact teeth of the same outer layer material impact tooth is conductive to enabling the material shoveled off by 20 the rear row of impact teeth to flow out from the gaps of the front row of impact teeth. The front row of impact teeth and the rear row of impact teeth form a length difference, the length difference is equal to an impact stroke or the length difference is larger than the impact stroke or the length difference is smaller than the impact 25 stroke, and the like, the front row of impact teeth and/or the rear row of impact teeth are used for impacting a material wall into a step shape to break the structural 4 FP140406 strength of the material wall, and during secondary impact, the front row of impact teeth and/or the rear row of impact teeth are used for blanking through a free surface formed by the step-shaped material wall, in order to reduce the impact resistance, reduce the granularity of the material block and facilitate the outflow of the material. 5 The outer-layer material impact teeth and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are connected by means of a bolt, a catching groove, a pin, a pin shaft, an eccentric connecting element, an inserting hole, a jaw and/or a taper sleeve and the like. 10 The arrangement and/or shape of the inner-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking and cleaning a material surface, so as to form the material surface into a necessary shape. The outer-layer material impact teeth include a main outer-layer material impact tooth and/or an outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or an outer-layer 15 material bottom surface cleaning tooth and the like. The outer-layer material impact teeth include a main outer-layer material impact tooth and/or an outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or an outer-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth and the like, and the main outer-layer material impact tooth and/or the outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or 20 the outer-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth and the like are used for cleaning the top face and/or the bottom surface of the material wall while blanking. The inner-layer material impact teeth include a main inner-layer material impact tooth and/or an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or an inner-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth and the like. 25 The inner-layer material impact teeth include a main inner-layer material impact tooth and/or an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or an inner-layer 5 FP140406 material bottom surface cleaning tooth and the like, and the main inner-layer material impact tooth and/or the inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or the inner-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth and the like are used for cleaning the material wall while blanking to facilitate retaining and protecting, in 5 order to ensure the successful pass of the machine body to perform continuous digging. The inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame and the like incline towards the material wall for certain angles, to help the inner-layer material impact teeth to obliquely cut the material wall. 10 The outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke component and the like, and the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer layer material impact tooth frame and the like are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the outer-layer impact stroke component. The outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke 15 component and the like, and the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer layer material impact tooth frame and the like are asymmetrically arranged at two ends of the outer-layer impact stroke component. The outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke component and the like, and the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer 20 layer material impact tooth frame and the like are arranged at one end of the outer layer impact stroke component. The outer-layer impact stroke component and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame are movably connected or are integrated. The inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke 25 component and the like, and the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner 6 FP140406 layer material impact tooth frame and the like are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component. The inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke component and the like, and the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner 5 layer material impact tooth frame and the like are asymmetrically arranged at two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component. The inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke component and the like, and the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner layer material impact tooth frame and the like are arranged at one end of the inner 10 layer impact stroke component. The inner-layer impact stroke component and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are movably connected or are integrated. The outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke component and the like, the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer-layer 15 material impact tooth frame are arranged at one end of the outer-layer impact stroke component, and a counterweight member is arranged at the other end of the outer layer impact stroke component. The inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke component and the like, the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer 20 material impact tooth frame are arranged at one end of the inner-layer impact stroke component, and a counterweight member is arranged at the other end of the inner layer impact stroke component. The outer-layer material impact tooth frame includes a rear supporting seat, an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame and the like, the rear supporting 25 seat and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame and the like form a discharge hole, and there is one or multiple discharge holes. 7 FP140406 The discharge hole includes an arched discharge hole and/or a cambered discharge hole and/or a square discharge hole and/or a trapezoidal discharge hole and/or a triangular discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole and the like. 5 The height of the rear supporting seat is smaller than or equal to or larger than the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame. The rear supporting seat and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame are movably connected or are integrated. The impact blanking mechanism includes a power box body and the like, the rear 10 supporting seat is provided with a rear supporting seat material baffle and the like, and the rear supporting seat material baffle is arranged along the surface of the power box body and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body. The impact blanking mechanism includes a power box body and the like, the inner layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer tooth seat and the like, the 15 inner-layer tooth seat is provided with an inner-layer tooth seat material baffle and the like, and the inner-layer tooth seat material baffle is arranged along the surface of the power box body and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body. The impact blanking mechanism includes an impact actuator and the like, a 20 breakage-proof impact actuator structure and the like are arranged between the impact actuator and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner layer material impact tooth frame, the breakage-proof impact actuator structure includes a rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure or a separated breakage proof impact actuator structure or a buffering breakage-proof impact actuator 25 structure and the like, the impact actuator is used for driving the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth to impact, an impact 8 FP140406 counteraction force is applied to the breakage-proof impact actuator structure, and the rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure rotates or the separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure separately isolates or the buffering breakage-proof impact actuator structure buffers and the like to prevent the impact 5 counteraction force from breaking off and damaging the impact actuator. The outer-layer impact stroke component includes outer-layer reciprocating guide rods and the like, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods are symmetrically or asymmetrically arranged on the outer-layer material impact tooth frame, the outer layer reciprocating guide rods are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction 10 force of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame, in order to prevent the break-off of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and the impact actuator. The inner-layer impact stroke component includes inner-layer reciprocating guide rods and the like, the inner-layer reciprocating guide rods are symmetrically or 15 asymmetrically arranged on the inner-layer material impact tooth frame, the outer layer reciprocating guide rods are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction force of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame, in order to prevent the break-off of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame and the impact actuator. 20 The machine body includes a hydraulic system and/or an electric system and/or a water mist spray system and the like. The machine body includes a rotary disk and the like, the rotary disk is arranged at the upper part and/or the lower part and the like of the machine body, when the rotary disk is arranged at the upper part of the machine body, the impact blanking 25 mechanism is arranged on the rotary disk, the rotary disk drives the impact blanking mechanism to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple directions, when the 9 FP140406 rotary disk is arranged at the lower part of the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism is arranged on the machine body, the rotary disk drives the machine body to rotate, and the machine body drives the impact blanking mechanism to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple directions. 5 Compared with the existing digging equipment, the utility model has the following beneficial effects: 1) the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of the material layer to be dug, the outer-layer material impact teeth are conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer 10 material impact mechanism to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the discharge hole is reserved on the outer-layer material impact mechanism to enable the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism to flow out from the discharge hole of the outer-layer material impact mechanism, the inner-layer material impact mechanism and the outer-layer material 15 impact mechanism cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging, so that the problem that the material clamped between the impact blanking mechanisms cannot be discharged to cause continuous digging failure of the digging machine is solved, successful digging, blanking, discharging and material loading of the impact blanking digging machine are achieved, and the digging efficiency is improved; 20 2) since the discharge hole is arranged between the rear supporting seat and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame, the outer-layer material impact teeth are arranged on the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame, to reduce the lengths of the outer-layer material impact teeth and reduce the break-off of the impact tooth seat and the impact teeth due to the excessive lengths of the 25 outer-layer material impact teeth; 10 FP140406 3) the structural forms of the multiple impact teeth arranged side by side are different, so that the break-off of the impact mechanisms caused by material clamping of the impact teeth is avoided; 4) damping of an impact blanking mechanism driving device caused by material 5 clamping is reduced to facilitate safe operation of the equipment; 5) when the impact blanking mechanism impacts the material wall, the outer-layer material impact mechanism and the inner-layer material impact mechanism are applied with a balanced stress, in order to reduce the impact break-off damage of a power shaft; 10 6) multiple rows of impact teeth are arranged on the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame, in order to ensure the granularity of the dug material to be adapted to transportation or use; 7) multiple layers of impact mechanisms are adopted to improve the working efficiency, increase the digging breadth and improve the digging yield; 15 8) the multiple layers of impact mechanisms are used for blanking the material to be dug in layers to reasonably utilize the power and ensure the strength of the equipment; 9) the outer-layer material impact mechanism is only used for blanking a material layer needing blanking without cleaning the side face of the material layer, thereby 20 reducing the energy consumption caused by surface cleaning; 10) the arrangement and/or shape of the inner-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking and cleaning the material surface, so as to form the material surface into the necessary shape to facilitate retaining and protecting and to ensure the successful pass of the machine body to perform continuous digging; 11 FP140406 11) the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame and the like incline towards the material wall for certain angles, to help the inner-layer material impact teeth to obliquely cut the material wall; 12) the reciprocating guide rods are symmetrically arranged on the outer-layer 5 material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame, the symmetrically arranged reciprocating guide rods enlarge the correction force of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame, in order to 10 prevent the break-off of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame and the impact actuator; 13) the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are respectively arranged at the two ends of the reciprocating guide rods to balance the weights at the two ends of the reciprocating guide rods, 15 reduce the break-off of the reciprocating guide rods resulting from unbalanced weights and achieve reverse digging without reversing the machine body; 14) the material baffle is arranged at the rear end of the rear supporting seat to prevent the material from entering a shovel tooth supporting frame and the power box body, protect the reciprocating impact component and improve the performance 20 and the service life of the equipment; 15) the breakage-proof impact actuator structure is arranged between the impact actuator and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame, the impact actuator is used for driving the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth to impact, the 25 impact counteraction force is applied on the breakage-proof impact actuator structure, and the rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure rotates or the 12 FP140406 separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure separately isolates or the buffering breakage-proof impact actuator structure buffers and the like to prevent the impact counteraction force from breaking off and damaging the impact actuator, and an impact counteraction break-off collapsing force is decomposed and separated 5 before being transferred onto the impact actuator and the machine body, so that the service life of the entire machine is greatly prolonged; 16) when the rotary disk is arranged at the upper part of the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism is arranged on the rotary disk, the rotary disk drives the impact blanking mechanism to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple 10 directions, when the rotary disk is arranged at the lower part of the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism is arranged on the machine body, the rotary disk drives the machine body to rotate, and the machine body drives the impact blanking mechanism to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple directions, so that the digging flexibility of the impact blanking mechanism is greatly improved, the 15 digging width and range are increased and the digging efficiency is enhanced; 17) the distances from the front row of impact teeth and the rear row of impact teeth to the power box body are arranged to be different to impact a coal wall into a step shape, thereby greatly decreasing the web of one impact of each impact tooth, effectively decomposing the pressure stress of the material wall, reducing the impact 20 resistance, improving working efficiency and saving power consumption. Brief Description of the Drawings Fig. 1 is a front view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 1; 25 Fig. 2 is a top view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 1; 13 FP140406 Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an outer-layer material impact mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 1; Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an inner-layer material impact 5 mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 1; Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of installation of impact teeth of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 1; Fig. 6 is a front view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without 10 material clamping in embodiment 2; Fig. 7 is a top view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 2; Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of an overlooking structure of an impact blanking digging mechanism in embodiment 2; 15 Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of installation of impact teeth of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 2; Fig. 10 is a front view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 3; Fig. 11 is a top view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without 20 material clamping in embodiment 3; Fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of an overlooking structure of an impact blanking digging mechanism in embodiment 3; Fig. 13 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an outer-layer material impact mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material 25 clamping in embodiment 3; 14 FP140406 Fig. 14 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an inner-layer material impact mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 3; Fig. 15 is a schematic diagram of installation of impact teeth of an efficient impact 5 blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 3; Fig. 16 is a schematic diagram of a front view structure of an impact blanking digging mechanism in embodiment 4; Fig. 17 is a schematic diagram of an overlooking structure of an impact blanking digging mechanism in embodiment 4; 10 Fig. 18 is a schematic diagram of a front view structure of an impact blanking digging mechanism in embodiment 5; Fig. 19 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an outer-layer material impact mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 6; 15 Fig. 20 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an inner-layer material impact mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 6; Fig. 21 is a front view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 7; 20 Fig. 22 is a schematic diagram of an overlooking structure of an impact blanking digging mechanism in embodiment 7; Fig. 23 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an outer-layer material impact mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 7; 15 FP140406 Fig. 24 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an inner-layer material impact mechanism of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 7; Fig. 25 is a schematic diagram of installation of impact teeth of an efficient impact 5 blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 7; Fig. 26 is a front view of an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping in embodiment 8. In the figures, 1 represents a machine body, 2 represents a walking mechanism, 3 represents an impact blanking mechanism, 4 represents an outer-layer material 10 impact mechanism, 4.1 represents an outer-layer material impact tooth, 4.2 represents an outer-layer material impact tooth frame, 4.2.1 represents a rear supporting seat, 4.2.2 represents an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame, 4.3 represents an outer-layer impact stroke component, 4.3.1 represents an outer-layer reciprocating guide rod, 5 represents an inner-layer material impact 15 mechanism, 5.1 represents an inner-layer material impact tooth, 5.2 represents an inner-layer material impact tooth frame, 5.3 represents an inner-layer impact stroke component, 5.3.1 represents an inner-layer reciprocating guide rod, 5.4 represents an inner-layer tooth seat, 6 represents a pin, 7 represents an impact actuator, 8 represents a discharge hole, 9 represents a catching groove, 10 represents an impact 20 tooth, 11 represents a front row of impact teeth, 12 represents a rear row of impact teeth, 13 represents a main outer-layer material impact tooth, 14 represents an outer layer material top face cleaning tooth, 15 represents an outer-layer material bottom face cleaning tooth, 16 represents a main inner-layer material impact tooth, 17 represents an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth, 18 represents an inner 25 layer material bottom face cleaning tooth, 19 represents a rear supporting seat material baffle, 20 represents a power box body, 21 represents a breakage-proof 16 FP140406 impact actuator structure, 21.1 represents a rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure, 21.2 represents a separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure, 21.3 represents a buffering breakage-proof impact actuator structure, 22 represents a counterweight member, 23 represents a pin shaft, 24 represents a rotary disk and 25 5 represents an inner-layer material side face cleaning tooth. Detailed Description of the Embodiments Embodiment 1 As shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, an efficient impact blanking digging machine without 10 material clamping used for implementing an efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping, includes a machine body 1, a walking mechanism 2, an impact blanking mechanism 3 and the like, wherein the walking mechanism 2 is arranged at the front part and the rear part and the like of the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 is connected with the machine 15 body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 and an inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 and the like, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 and the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 are arranged adjacently, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the like, the inner-layer material 20 impact mechanism 5 includes inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the like, the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of a material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1, and the inner-layer material 25 impact mechanism 5 and the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging. 17 FP140406 The arrangement and/or shape of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of the material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1. 5 The outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the like, wherein the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are movably connected and can also be integrated. The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer material 10 impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like, wherein the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are movably connected and can also be integrated. The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the inner-layer 15 material impact tooth frame 5.2 are connected by means of a pin 6 and can also be connected by means of a bolt, a catching groove, a pin shaft, an eccentric connecting element, an inserting hole, a jaw and/or a taper sleeve and the like. The outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the like, and the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the 20 outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are symmetrically arranged at the two ends of the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3. The outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are movably connected and can also be integrated. The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer impact stroke 25 component 5.3 and the like, and the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and/or the 18 FP140406 inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are symmetrically arranged at the two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3. The inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are movably connected and can also be integrated. 5 The outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 includes outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 and the like, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged on the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction force of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 to maintain the 10 reciprocating impact balance of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2, in order to prevent the break-off of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the impact actuator 7, and the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods can also be asymmetrically arranged. The inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 includes inner-layer reciprocating 15 guide rods 5.3.1 and the like, the inner-layer reciprocating guide rods 5.3.1 are symmetrically arranged on the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction force of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, 20 in order to prevent the break-off of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the impact actuator 7, and the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods can also be asymmetrically arranged. The machine body 1 includes a hydraulic system and/or an electric system and/or a water mist spray system and the like. 25 Embodiment 2 19 FP140406 As shown in Fig. 6 to Fig. 9, an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping used for implementing an efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping, includes a machine body 1, a walking mechanism 2, an impact blanking mechanism 3 and the like, wherein the walking 5 mechanism 2 is arranged at the front part and the rear part and the like of the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 is connected with the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 and/or an inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 and the like, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 and the inner-layer material impact 10 mechanism 5 are arranged adjacently, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the like, the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the like, the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of a material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling 15 the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 is provided with a discharge hole 8 to enable the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 to flow out from the discharge hole 8 of the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4, and the inner-layer material impact 20 mechanism 5 and the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging. The outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 includes a rear supporting seat 4.2.1, an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and the like, the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 25 4.2.2 form the discharge hole 8, and the number of the discharge hole 8 is one, and can also be two or more and the like. 20 FP140406 The discharge hole 8 includes an arched discharge hole and the like, and can also be a square discharge hole and/or a cambered discharge hole and/or a trapezoidal discharge hole and/or a triangular discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole and the like. 5 The height of the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 is smaller than the height of the outer layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and can also be equal to or larger than the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2. The rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 are integrated and can also be movably connected. 10 The inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 inclines towards the material wall for a certain angle, to help the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to obliquely cut the material wall. The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the inner-layer 15 material impact tooth frame 5.2 are connected by means of a catching groove 9 and can also be connected by means of a bolt, a pin, a pin shaft, an eccentric connecting element, an inserting hole, a jaw and/or a taper sleeve and the like. Others are the same as those in embodiment 1. Embodiment 3 20 As shown in Fig. 10 to Fig. 15, an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping used for implementing an efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping, includes a machine body 1, a walking mechanism 2, an impact blanking mechanism 3 and the like, wherein the walking mechanism 2 is arranged at the front part or the rear part or the bottom or the like of 25 the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 is connected with the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an outer-layer material 21 FP140406 impact mechanism 4 and an inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 and the like, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 and the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 are arranged adjacently, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the like, the inner-layer material 5 impact mechanism 5 includes inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the like, the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of a material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the outer-layer material 10 impact mechanism 4 is provided with a discharge hole 8 to enable the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 to flow out from the discharge hole 8 of the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 and the like, and the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 and the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging. 15 The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 include more than a row of impact teeth 10 and the like, or one row of impact teeth can also be arranged. The inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 include more than a row of impact teeth 10 and the like, or one row of impact teeth can also be arranged. The impact teeth 10 include a front row of impact teeth 11 and a rear row of impact 20 teeth 12 and the like. The front row of impact teeth 11 and/or the rear row of impact teeth 12 include impact teeth 10 with non material clamping shapes, wherein the impact teeth 10 with non material clamping shapes are conductive to discharging the material blanked by the front row impact teeth 11 and/or the rear row impact teeth 12 and are 25 conductive to continuous digging and discharging. 22 FP140406 The arrangement and shape of the front row of impact teeth 11 of the same outer layer material impact tooth 4.1 are conductive to enabling the material shoveled off by the rear row of impact teeth 12 to flow out from the gaps of the front row of impact teeth 11. 5 The front row of impact teeth 11 and the rear row of impact teeth 12 form a length difference, the length difference is equal to an impact stroke or the length difference is larger than the impact stroke or the length difference is smaller than the impact stroke, the front row of impact teeth 11 and the rear row of impact teeth 12 are used for impacting a material wall into a step shape to break the structural length of the 10 material wall, and during secondary impact, the front row of impact teeth 11 and the rear row of impact teeth 12 are used for blanking through a free surface formed by the step-shaped material wall, in order to reduce the impact resistance, reduce the granularity of the material block and facilitate the outflow of the material. The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth 15 frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are connected by means of an inserting hole and can also be connected by means of a bolt, a catching groove, a pin, a pin shaft, an eccentric connecting element, a jaw and/or a taper sleeve and the like. The arrangement and/or shape of the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 is 20 conductive to blanking and cleaning a material surface, so as to form the material surface into a necessary shape. The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 include a main outer-layer material impact tooth 13 and/or an outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth 14 and/or an outer layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 15 and the like. 25 The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 include a main outer-layer material impact tooth 13 and/or an outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth 14 and/or an outer 23 FP140406 layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 15 and the like, and the main outer layer material impact tooth 13 and/or the outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth 14 and/or the outer-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 15 and the like are used for cleaning the top face and/or the bottom surface of the material wall while 5 blanking. The inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 include a main inner-layer material impact tooth 16 and/or an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth 17 and/or an inner layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 18 and/or an inner-layer material side face cleaning tooth 25 and the like. 10 The inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 include a main inner-layer material impact tooth 16 and/or an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth 17 and/or an inner layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 18 and/or an inner-layer material side face cleaning tooth 25 and the like, and the main inner-layer material impact tooth 16 and/or the inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth 17 and/or the inner-layer 15 material bottom surface cleaning tooth 18 and/or the inner-layer material side face cleaning tooth 25 and the like are used for cleaning the material wall while blanking to facilitate retaining and protecting, in order to ensure the successful pass of the machine body 1 to perform continuous digging. The inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 inclines towards the material wall 20 for a certain angle, to help the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to obliquely cut the material wall. The outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the like, and the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are symmetrically arranged at the two 25 ends of the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3. 24 FP140406 The outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the like, and the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and/or the 5 inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are symmetrically arranged at the two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3. The inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 includes a rear supporting seat 4.2.1, 10 an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and the like, the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 form the discharge hole 8, and the number of the discharge hole 8 is two, and can also be one or more. The discharge hole 8 includes an arched discharge hole and can also include a 15 cambered discharge hole and/or a square discharge hole and/or a trapezoidal discharge hole and/or a triangular discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole. The height of the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 is smaller than the height of the outer layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and can also be equal to or larger 20 than the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2. The rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes a power box body 20 and the like, the rear supporting seat is provided with a rear supporting seat material baffle 19 and 25 the like, and the rear supporting seat material baffle 19 is arranged along the surface 25 FP140406 of the power box body 20 and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body 20. The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes a power box body 20 and the like, the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer tooth seat 5.4 and 5 the like, the inner-layer tooth seat 5.4 is provided with an inner-layer tooth seat material baffle 19 and the like, and the inner-layer tooth seat material baffle 19 is arranged along the surface of the power box body 20 and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body 20. The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an impact actuator 7 and the like, a 10 breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21 and the like are arranged between the impact actuator 7 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, the breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21 includes a rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21.1 and can also adopt a separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure or a buffering 15 breakage-proof impact actuator structure and the like, the impact actuator 7 is used for driving the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to impact, an impact counteraction force is applied on the breakage proof impact actuator structure 21, and the rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21.1 rotates to prevent the impact counteraction force from breaking off 20 and damaging the impact actuator 7. The outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 includes outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 and the like, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged on the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the 25 correction force of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2, in 26 FP140406 order to prevent the break-off of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the impact actuator 7. The inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 includes inner-layer reciprocating guide rods 5.3.1 and the like, the inner-layer reciprocating guide rods 5.3.1 are 5 symmetrically arranged on the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction force of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, in order to prevent the break-off of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 10 and the impact actuator 7. Embodiment 4 As shown in Fig. 16 to Fig. 17, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the like, the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are 15 arranged at one end of the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3, and a counterweight member 22 is arranged at the other end of the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3. The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the like, the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and/or the 20 inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like are arranged at one end of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3, and a counterweight member 22 and the like are arranged at the other end of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3. The outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 includes a rear supporting seat 4.2.1, an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and the like, the rear 25 supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 27 FP140406 4.2.2 form a discharge hole 8, and the number of the discharge hole 8 is one, and can also be more. The discharge hole 8 includes a square discharge hole and the like, and can also be an arched discharge hole and/or a cambered discharge hole and/or a trapezoidal 5 discharge hole and/or a triangular discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole and the like. The height of the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 is equal to the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and can also be larger than or smaller than the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2. 10 The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an impact actuator 7 and the like, a breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21 and the like are arranged between the impact actuator 7 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, the breakage-proof impact actuator structure includes a separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21.2 and the 15 like or a rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure or a buffering breakage proof impact actuator structure and the like, the impact actuator 7 is used for driving the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to impact, an impact counteraction force is applied on the breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21, and the separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure 20 21.2 separately isolates to prevent the impact counteraction force from breaking off and damaging the impact actuator 7. The outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 includes outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 and the like, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are asymmetrically arranged on the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 to 25 maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the outer-layer material impact tooth 28 FP140406 frame 4.2, in order to prevent the break-off of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the impact actuator 7. The inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 includes inner-layer reciprocating guide rods 5.3.1 and the like, the inner-layer reciprocating guide rods 5.3.1 are 5 asymmetrically arranged on the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, in order to prevent the break-off of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the impact actuator 7. Others are the same as those in embodiment 3. 10 Embodiment 5 As shown in Fig. 18, the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 includes a rear supporting seat 4.2.1, an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and the like, the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 form a discharge hole 8, and the number of the discharge 15 hole 8 is two, and can also be one or more. The discharge hole 8 includes a trapezoidal discharge hole and the like, and can also be an arched discharge hole and/or a cambered discharge hole and/or a square discharge hole and/or a triangular discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole and the like. 20 The height of the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 is smaller than the height of the outer layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and can also be larger than or equal to the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2. The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an impact actuator 7 and the like, a breakage-proof impact actuator structure and the like are arranged between the 25 impact actuator 7 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, the breakage-proof impact actuator 29 FP140406 structure 21 includes a buffering breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21.3 and the like or a rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure or a separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure and the like, the impact actuator 7 is used for driving the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the inner-layer material 5 impact teeth 5.1 to impact, an impact counteraction force is applied on the breakage proof impact actuator structure 21, and the buffering breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21.3 buffers to prevent the impact counteraction force from breaking off and damaging the impact actuator 7. Others are the same as those in embodiment 3. 10 Embodiment 6 As shown in Fig. 19 to Fig. 20, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the like, the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the like are asymmetrically arranged at the two ends of the outer-layer impact stroke 15 component 4.3. The outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the like, the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the like are arranged at one end of the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3, and the outer layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the like are arranged at the other end of 20 the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3. The outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the like, the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and/or the 25 inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like are asymmetrically arranged at the two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3. 30 FP140406 The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the like, the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the like are arranged at one end of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3, and the inner layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like are arranged at the other end. 5 The inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 includes a rear supporting seat 4.2.1, an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and the like, the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 10 4.2.2 form a discharge hole 8, and the number of the discharge holes 8 is one or more. The discharge hole 8 includes a triangular discharge hole and the like, and can also be an arched discharge hole and/or a cambered discharge hole and/or a square discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole 15 and the like. The height of the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 is smaller than the height of the outer layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and can also be equal to or larger than the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2. The rear supporting seat and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 20 4.2.2 are movably connected or are integrated. Others are the same as those in embodiment 3. Embodiment 7 As shown in Fig. 21 to Fig. 25, an efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping used for implementing an efficient impact blanking 25 digging method without material clamping, includes a machine body 1, a walking mechanism 2, an impact blanking mechanism 3 and the like, wherein the walking 31 FP140406 mechanism 2 is arranged at the lower part of the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 is connected with the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 and an inner layer material impact mechanism 5 and the like, the outer-layer material impact 5 mechanism 4 and the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 are arranged adjacently, the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the like, the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the like, the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 is conductive to blanking the outer-layer 10 material of a material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 is provided with a discharge hole to enable the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 to flow out from the discharge hole of the 15 outer-layer material impact mechanism 4, and the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 and the outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging. The arrangement and/or shape of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of the material layer to be dug and is 20 conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1. The outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the like, and the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are movably connected or are 25 integrated. 32 FP140406 The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like, and the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 are movably connected or are integrated. 5 The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 include more than a row of impact teeth 10 and the like, or one row of impact teeth 10 can also be arranged. The inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 include more than a row of impact teeth 10, or one row of impact teeth 10 can also be arranged. The impact teeth 10 include a front row of impact teeth 11 and a rear row of impact 10 teeth 12 and the like. The front row of impact teeth 11 and/or the rear row of impact teeth 12 include impact teeth 10 with non material clamping shapes, wherein the impact teeth 10 with non material clamping shapes are conductive to discharging the material blanked by the front row impact teeth 11 and/or the rear row impact teeth 12 and the 15 like and are conductive to continuous digging and discharging. The arrangement and shape of the front row of impact teeth 11 of the same outer layer material impact tooth 4.1 is conductive to enabling the material shoveled off by the rear row of impact teeth 12 to flow out from the gaps of the front row of impact teeth 11. 20 The front row of impact teeth 11 and the rear row of impact teeth 12 form a length difference, the length difference is equal to an impact stroke or the length difference is larger than the impact stroke or the length difference is smaller than the impact stroke, the front row of impact teeth 11 and the rear row of impact teeth 12 are used for impacting a material wall into a step shape to break the structural length of the 25 material wall, and during secondary impact, the front row of impact teeth 11 and the rear row of impact teeth 12 are used for blanking through a free surface formed by 33 FP140406 the step-shaped material wall, in order to reduce the impact resistance, reduce the granularity of the material block and facilitate the outflow of the material. The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and the inner-layer 5 material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like are connected by means of a pin shaft 23 and can also be connected by means of a bolt, a catching groove, a pin, an eccentric connecting element, a jaw and/or a taper sleeve and the like. The outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 include a main outer-layer material impact tooth 13 and the like, and can also include an outer-layer material top face cleaning 10 tooth 14 and/or an outer-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 15 and the like. The inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 include a main inner-layer material impact tooth 16 and the like, and can also include an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth 17 and/or an inner-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 18 and/or an inner-layer material side face cleaning tooth 25 and the like. 15 The main inner-layer material impact tooth 16 and/or the inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth 17 and/or the inner-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth 18 and/or the inner-layer material side face cleaning tooth 25 and the like are used for cleaning the material wall while blanking to facilitate retaining and protecting, in order to ensure the successful pass of the machine body 1 to perform continuous 20 digging. The outer-layer material impact mechanism 4 includes an outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the like, the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the like are asymmetrically arranged at the two ends of the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3, the outer-layer 25 material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the like are arranged at one end of the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3, and 34 FP140406 the outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the like, the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and/or the 5 inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like are asymmetrically arranged at the two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3, the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and the like are arranged at one end of the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3, and the inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 and the inner-layer material impact 10 tooth frame 5.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 includes a rear supporting seat 4.2.1, an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and the like, the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 form a discharge hole 8, and the number of the discharge hole 8 is one or more. 15 The discharge hole 8 includes a cambered discharge hole and the like, and can also include an arched discharge hole and/or a square discharge hole and/or a trapezoidal discharge hole and/or a triangular discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole and the like. The height of the rear supporting seat 4.2.1 is larger than the height of the outer 20 layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 and can also be smaller than or equal to the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2. The rear supporting seat 4.2.1 and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame 4.2.2 are movably connected or are integrated. The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes a power box body 20 and the like, the 25 rear supporting seat is provided with a rear supporting seat material baffle 19 and the like, and the rear supporting seat material baffle 19 is arranged along the surface 35 FP140406 of the power box body 20 and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body 20. The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes a power box body 20 and the like, the inner-layer material impact mechanism 5 includes an inner-layer tooth seat 5.4 and 5 the like, the inner-layer tooth seat 5.4 is provided with an inner-layer tooth seat material baffle 19 and the like, and the inner-layer tooth seat material baffle 19 is arranged along the surface of the power box body 20 and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body 20. The impact blanking mechanism 3 includes an impact actuator 7 and the like, a 10 breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21 and the like are arranged between the impact actuator 7 and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, the breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21 includes a buffering breakage-proof impact actuator structure 21.3 and the like or a rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure or a separated 15 breakage-proof impact actuator structure and the like, the impact actuator 7 is used for driving the outer-layer material impact teeth 4.1 and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth 5.1 to impact, an impact counteraction force is applied on the breakage proof impact actuator structure, and the buffering breakage-proof impact actuator structure buffers to prevent the impact counteraction force from breaking off and 20 damaging the impact actuator 7. The outer-layer impact stroke component 4.3 includes outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 and the like, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged on the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the 25 correction force of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2, in 36 FP140406 order to prevent the break-off of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame 4.2 and the impact actuator 7. The inner-layer impact stroke component 5.3 includes inner-layer reciprocating guide rods 5.3.1 and the like, the inner-layer reciprocating guide rods 5.3.1 are 5 symmetrically arranged on the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods 4.3.1 are symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction force of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2, in order to prevent the break-off of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame 5.2 and 10 the impact actuator 7. The machine body 1 includes a hydraulic system and/or an electric system and/or a water mist spray system and the like. The machine body 1 includes a rotary disk and the like, the rotary disk is arranged at the upper part of the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 is arranged 15 on the rotary disk, the rotary disk drives the impact blanking mechanism 3 to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple directions, the rotary disk can also be arranged at the lower part of the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 is arranged on the machine body 1, the rotary disk drives the machine body 1 to rotate, and the machine body 1 drives the impact blanking mechanism 3 to rotate to 20 perform impact blanking in multiple directions. Embodiment 8 As shown in Fig. 26, the machine body 1 includes a rotary disk and the like, the rotary disk is arranged at the lower part of the machine body 1, the impact blanking mechanism 3 is arranged on the machine body 1, the rotary disk drives the machine 25 body 1 to rotate, and the machine body 1 drives the impact blanking mechanism 3 to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple directions. 37 FP140406 Others are the same as those in embodiment 7. 38

Claims (39)

1. An efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping, characterized by including the following steps: an impact blanking mechanism is 5 arranged on the machine body of a digging machine, wherein the impact blanking mechanism includes an outer-layer material impact mechanism and an inner-layer material impact mechanism, the outer-layer material impact mechanism and the inner-layer material impact mechanism are arranged side by side, the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes outer-layer material impact teeth, the 10 arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of a material layer to be dug, the outer-layer material impact teeth are conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or a discharge hole is reserved on the outer-layer material impact mechanism to 15 enable the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism to flow out from the discharge hole of the outer-layer material impact mechanism, the inner layer material impact mechanism includes inner-layer material impact teeth, and the inner-layer material impact mechanism and/or the outer-layer material impact mechanism cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging. 20
2. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping used for implementing the efficient impact blanking digging method without material clamping, includes a machine body and a walking mechanism, and is characterized in that the efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping further includes an impact blanking mechanism, the walking mechanism is arranged 25 at the front part, the rear part or the lower part of the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism is connected with the machine body, the impact blanking 39 FP140406 mechanism includes an outer-layer material impact mechanism and/or an inner-layer material impact mechanism, the outer-layer material impact mechanism and the inner-layer material impact mechanism are arranged adjacently, the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes outer-layer material impact teeth, the inner 5 layer material impact mechanism includes inner-layer material impact teeth, the arrangement of the outer-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of a material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer-layer material impact 10 mechanism is provided with a discharge hole to enable the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact mechanism to flow out from the discharge hole of the outer-layer material impact mechanism, and the inner-layer material impact mechanism and the outer-layer material impact mechanism cooperate to realize impact blanking and discharging. 15
3. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the arrangement and/or shape of the outer-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking the outer-layer material of the material layer to be dug and is conductive to enabling the material blanked by the inner-layer material impact teeth to flow out from the gaps of the outer-layer 20 material impact teeth.
4. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer material impact tooth frame, wherein the outer layer material impact teeth and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame are 25 movably connected or are integrated. 40 FP140406
5. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer material impact tooth frame, wherein the inner layer material impact teeth and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are 5 movably connected or are integrated.
6. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact teeth include one or more rows of impact teeth.
7. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping 10 according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact teeth include one or more rows of impact teeth.
8. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that the impact teeth include a front row of impact teeth and/or a rear row of impact teeth. 15
9. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 8, characterized in that the front row of impact teeth and/or rear row of impact teeth include impact teeth with non material clamping shapes, wherein the impact teeth with non material clamping shapes are conductive to discharging the material blanked by the front row impact teeth and/or rear row 20 impact teeth and are conductive to continuous digging and discharging.
10. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the arrangement and/or shape of the front row of impact teeth of the same outer-layer material impact tooth is conductive to enabling the material shoveled off by the rear row of impact teeth to flow out from 25 the gaps of the front row of impact teeth. 41 FP140406
11. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 8, characterized in that the front row of impact teeth and the rear row of impact teeth form a length difference, the length difference is equal to an impact stroke or the length difference is larger than the impact stroke or the length 5 difference is smaller than the impact stroke, the front row of impact teeth and/or the rear row of impact teeth are used for impacting a material wall into a step shape to break the structural strength of the material wall, and during secondary impact, the front row of impact teeth and/or the rear row of impact teeth are used for blanking through a free surface formed by the step-shaped material wall, in order to reduce 10 the impact resistance, reduce the granularity of the material block and facilitate the outflow of the material.
12. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact teeth and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner-layer material 15 impact teeth and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are connected by means of a bolt, a catching groove, a pin, a pin shaft, an eccentric connecting element, an inserting hole, a jaw and/or a taper sleeve.
13. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the arrangement and/or shape of the 20 inner-layer material impact teeth is conductive to blanking and cleaning a material surface, so as to form the material surface into a necessary shape.
14. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact teeth include a main outer-layer material impact tooth and/or an outer-layer material top 25 face cleaning tooth and/or an outer-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth. 42 FP140406
15. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact teeth include a main outer-layer material impact tooth and/or an outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or an outer-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth, and 5 the main outer-layer material impact tooth and/or the outer-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or the outer-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth are used for cleaning the top face and/or the bottom surface of the material wall while blanking.
16. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping 10 according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact teeth include a main inner-layer material impact tooth and/or an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or an inner-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth.
17. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact teeth 15 include a main inner-layer material impact tooth and/or an inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or an inner-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth, and the main inner-layer material impact tooth and/or the inner-layer material top face cleaning tooth and/or the inner-layer material bottom surface cleaning tooth are used for cleaning the material wall while blanking to facilitate retaining and protecting, in 20 order to ensure the successful pass of the machine body to perform continuous digging.
18. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 5, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame incline towards the material wall 25 for certain angles, to help the inner-layer material impact teeth to obliquely cut the material wall. 43 FP140406
19. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke component, and the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame are 5 symmetrically arranged at two ends of the outer-layer impact stroke component.
20. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke component, and the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame are 10 asymmetrically arranged at two ends of the outer-layer impact stroke component.
21. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke component, and the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame are 15 arranged at one end of the outer-layer impact stroke component.
22. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 19, 20 or 21, characterized in that the outer-layer impact stroke component and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame are movably connected or are integrated. 20
23. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 19, 20 or 21, characterized in that the outer-layer impact stroke component includes outer-layer reciprocating guide rods, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods are symmetrically or asymmetrically arranged on the outer layer material impact tooth frame, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods are 25 symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction force of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the outer-layer 44 FP140406 material impact tooth frame, in order to prevent the break-off of the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and the impact actuator.
24. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact 5 mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke component, and the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component.
25. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact 10 mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke component, and the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are asymmetrically arranged at two ends of the inner-layer impact stroke component.
26. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact 15 mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke component, and the inner-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are arranged at one end of the inner-layer impact stroke component.
27. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 24, 25 or 26, characterized in that the inner-layer impact stroke 20 component and the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are movably connected or are integrated.
28. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 24, 25 or 26, characterized in that the inner-layer impact stroke component includes inner-layer reciprocating guide rods, the inner-layer 25 reciprocating guide rods are symmetrically or asymmetrically arranged on the inner layer material impact tooth frame, the outer-layer reciprocating guide rods are 45 FP140406 symmetrically arranged to enlarge the correction force of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame to maintain the reciprocating impact balance of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame, in order to prevent the break-off of the inner-layer material impact tooth frame and the impact actuator. 5
29. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact mechanism includes an outer-layer impact stroke component, the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the outer-layer material impact tooth frame are arranged at one end of the outer-layer impact stroke component, and a 10 counterweight member is arranged at the other end of the outer-layer impact stroke component.
30. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner-layer impact stroke component, the inner-layer 15 material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact tooth frame are arranged at one end of the inner-layer impact stroke component, and a counterweight member is arranged at the other end of the inner-layer impact stroke component.
31. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping 20 according to claim 2, characterized in that the outer-layer material impact tooth frame includes a rear supporting seat and an outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame, the rear supporting seat and the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame form a discharge hole, and there is one or multiple discharge holes.
32. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping 25 according to claim 31, characterized in that the discharge hole includes an arched discharge hole and/or a cambered discharge hole and/or a square discharge hole 46 FP140406 and/or a trapezoidal discharge hole and/or a triangular discharge hole and/or a polygonal discharge hole and/or a deformed discharge hole.
33. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 31, characterized in that the height of the rear supporting seat is 5 smaller than or equal to or larger than the height of the outer-layer material impact tooth supporting frame.
34. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 31, characterized in that the rear supporting seat and the outer layer material impact tooth supporting frame are movably connected or are 10 integrated.
35. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the impact blanking mechanism includes a power box body, the rear supporting seat is provided with a rear supporting seat material baffle, and the rear supporting seat material baffle is arranged along the 15 surface of the power box body and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body.
36. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the impact blanking mechanism includes a power box body, the inner-layer material impact mechanism includes an inner 20 layer tooth seat, the inner-layer tooth seat is provided with an inner-layer tooth seat material baffle, and the inner-layer tooth seat material baffle is arranged along the surface of the power box body and relatively reciprocates along the surface of the power box body.
37. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping 25 according to claim 2, characterized in that the impact blanking mechanism includes an impact actuator, a breakage-proof impact actuator structure is arranged between 47 FP140406 the impact actuator and the outer-layer material impact tooth frame and/or the inner layer material impact tooth frame, the breakage-proof impact actuator structure includes a rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure or a separated breakage proof impact actuator structure or a buffering breakage-proof impact actuator 5 structure, the impact actuator is used for driving the outer-layer material impact teeth and/or the inner-layer material impact teeth to impact, an impact counteraction force is applied to the breakage-proof impact actuator structure, and the rotary breakage-proof impact actuator structure rotates or the separated breakage-proof impact actuator structure separately isolates or the buffering breakage-proof impact 10 actuator structure buffers to prevent the impact counteraction force from breaking off and damaging the impact actuator.
38. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the machine body includes a hydraulic system and/or an electric system and/or a water mist spray system. 15
39. An efficient impact blanking digging machine without material clamping according to claim 2, characterized in that the machine body includes a rotary disk, the rotary disk is arranged at the upper part and/or the lower part of the machine body, when the rotary disk is arranged at the upper part of the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism is arranged on the rotary disk, the rotary disk drives the 20 impact blanking mechanism to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple directions, when the rotary disk is arranged at the lower part of the machine body, the impact blanking mechanism is arranged on the machine body, the rotary disk drives the machine body to rotate, and the machine body drives the impact blanking mechanism to rotate to perform impact blanking in multiple directions. 48
AU2013262356A 2012-05-12 2013-05-10 High-efficiency mining method for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials and high-efficiency mining machine for percussing falling-materials without trapping materials Ceased AU2013262356B2 (en)

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CN103388474B (en) 2016-12-28
WO2013170629A1 (en) 2013-11-21
EP2848767A1 (en) 2015-03-18
CO7230345A2 (en) 2015-03-31
CA2873253A1 (en) 2013-11-21
IN2014DN10622A (en) 2015-09-11
EP2848767A4 (en) 2016-08-17
EA201492065A1 (en) 2015-04-30
MX2014013782A (en) 2016-11-30
US20150137580A1 (en) 2015-05-21
CN103388474A (en) 2013-11-13
AU2013262356B2 (en) 2016-07-07

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