AU2009307758C1 - Digital printing plastic containers with improved adhesion and recyclability - Google Patents

Digital printing plastic containers with improved adhesion and recyclability

Info

Publication number
AU2009307758C1
AU2009307758C1 AU2009307758A AU2009307758A AU2009307758C1 AU 2009307758 C1 AU2009307758 C1 AU 2009307758C1 AU 2009307758 A AU2009307758 A AU 2009307758A AU 2009307758 A AU2009307758 A AU 2009307758A AU 2009307758 C1 AU2009307758 C1 AU 2009307758C1
Authority
AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
recyclability
plastic containers
digital printing
improved adhesion
printing plastic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
AU2009307758A
Other versions
AU2009307758B2 (en
AU2009307758A1 (en
Inventor
Edward V. Morgan
Ronald L. Uptergrove
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Plastipak Packaging Inc
Original Assignee
Plastipak Packaging Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US10686008P priority Critical
Priority to US61/106,860 priority
Application filed by Plastipak Packaging Inc filed Critical Plastipak Packaging Inc
Priority to PCT/US2009/061238 priority patent/WO2010048119A1/en
Publication of AU2009307758A1 publication Critical patent/AU2009307758A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU2009307758B2 publication Critical patent/AU2009307758B2/en
Priority claimed from AU2015255319A external-priority patent/AU2015255319A1/en
Publication of AU2009307758C1 publication Critical patent/AU2009307758C1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D25/00Details of other kinds or types of rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B65D25/34Coverings or external coatings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D23/00Details of bottles or jars not otherwise provided for
    • B65D23/08Coverings or external coatings
    • B65D23/0807Coatings
    • B65D23/0814Coatings characterised by the composition of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B1/00Layered products having a general shape other than plane
    • B32B1/02Receptacles, i.e. rigid containers, e.g. tanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J29/00Details of, or accessories for, typewriters or selective printing mechanisms not otherwise provided for
    • B41J29/38Drives, motors, controls or automatic cut-off devices for the entire printing mechanism
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M1/00Inking and printing with a printer's forme
    • B41M1/40Printing on bodies of particular shapes, e.g. golf balls, candles, wine corks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/0011Pre-treatment or treatment during printing of the recording material, e.g. heating, irradiating
    • B41M5/0017Application of ink-fixing material, e.g. mordant, precipitating agent, on the substrate prior to printing, e.g. by ink-jet printing, coating or spraying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/0082Digital printing on bodies of particular shapes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M7/00After-treatment of prints, e.g. heating, irradiating, setting of the ink, protection of the printed stock
    • B41M7/0081After-treatment of prints, e.g. heating, irradiating, setting of the ink, protection of the printed stock using electromagnetic radiation or waves, e.g. ultraviolet radiation, electron beams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M7/00After-treatment of prints, e.g. heating, irradiating, setting of the ink, protection of the printed stock
    • B41M7/0009Obliterating the printed matter; Non-destructive removal of the ink pattern, e.g. for repetitive use of the support
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2203/00Decoration means, markings, information elements, contents indicators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2565/00Wrappers or flexible covers; Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D2565/38Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D2565/381Details of packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D2565/385Details of packaging materials of special type or form especially suited for or with means facilitating recycling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/80Packaging reuse or recycling, e.g. of multilayer packaging

Abstract

A container having an external surface with a digital image printed thereon by droplets of ink is provided. The digital image includes a base coat and a secondary coat that is applied to the base coat. In an embodiment, the digital image adheres to the container with an acceptable or sufficient adhesion score and the image is removable using conventional recycling processes. Methods for digitally printing containers and facilitating recycling are also disclosed.
AU2009307758A 2008-10-20 2009-10-20 Digital printing plastic containers with improved adhesion and recyclability Active AU2009307758C1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10686008P true 2008-10-20 2008-10-20
US61/106,860 2008-10-20
PCT/US2009/061238 WO2010048119A1 (en) 2008-10-20 2009-10-20 Digital printing plastic containers with improved adhesion and recyclability

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2015255319A AU2015255319A1 (en) 2008-10-20 2015-11-13 Digital printing plastic containers with improved adhesion and recyclability

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2015255319A Division AU2015255319A1 (en) 2008-10-20 2015-11-13 Digital printing plastic containers with improved adhesion and recyclability

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU2009307758A1 AU2009307758A1 (en) 2010-04-29
AU2009307758B2 AU2009307758B2 (en) 2015-08-13
AU2009307758C1 true AU2009307758C1 (en) 2016-07-21

Family

ID=42107822

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2009307758A Active AU2009307758C1 (en) 2008-10-20 2009-10-20 Digital printing plastic containers with improved adhesion and recyclability

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (1) US20100096386A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2349730A4 (en)
JP (2) JP2012506349A (en)
KR (1) KR20110073594A (en)
CN (1) CN102186676B (en)
AU (1) AU2009307758C1 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0920149A2 (en)
CA (1) CA2738808A1 (en)
MX (1) MX2011004208A (en)
RU (1) RU2560871C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2010048119A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8876979B2 (en) * 2008-10-20 2014-11-04 Plastipak Packaging, Inc. Recyclable printed plastic container and method
US10400118B2 (en) 2008-10-20 2019-09-03 Plastipak Packaging, Inc. Methods and compositions for direct print having improved recyclability
DE102010044243A1 (en) 2010-09-02 2012-03-08 Khs Gmbh Process for the digital printing of containers and containers with at least one print or printed image
DE102011119169A1 (en) 2011-11-23 2013-05-23 Khs Gmbh Apparatus for applying equipment to containers
US10791542B2 (en) * 2012-01-27 2020-09-29 Qualcomm Incorporated Regional and narrow band common reference signal (CRS) for user equipment (UE) relays
US9453134B2 (en) 2012-08-27 2016-09-27 Agfa Graphics Nv Recycling of radiation cured printed matter
HUE033302T2 (en) 2012-11-15 2017-11-28 Velox-Puredigital Ltd Printing system and method
DE102013207809A1 (en) * 2013-04-29 2014-10-30 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Direct printing with underlayer
DE102013207799A1 (en) * 2013-04-29 2014-10-30 Krones Ag Direct printing method for printing on plastic containers with cover layer
MX2017000109A (en) 2014-07-07 2017-05-23 Commw Scient Ind Res Org Processes for producing industrial products from plant lipids.
CA2964484A1 (en) * 2014-11-13 2016-05-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Digitally printed article
JP2017536304A (en) * 2014-11-13 2017-12-07 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Articles printed and decorated digitally
JP2018500198A (en) 2014-11-13 2018-01-11 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Apparatus and method for depositing material on an article
US10315323B2 (en) * 2015-01-08 2019-06-11 The Gillette Company Llc Razor cartridge with a printed lubrication control member
MX2018002423A (en) * 2015-08-31 2018-06-11 Procter & Gamble Parallel motion apparatus for depositing a substance on articles.
US10486368B2 (en) 2015-12-28 2019-11-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for transferring material with adhesive onto articles with a difference in degree of curing between the material and adhesive
US10384360B2 (en) 2016-06-29 2019-08-20 The Gillette Company Llc Razor blade with a printed object
US10675772B2 (en) 2016-06-29 2020-06-09 The Gillette Company Llc Printed lubricious material disposed on razor blades
WO2019099183A1 (en) 2017-11-17 2019-05-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Methods for applying a material onto articles

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6194043B1 (en) * 1994-08-02 2001-02-27 Continental Plastic Containers, Inc. Container with recycled plastic
US20020086914A1 (en) * 2000-11-09 2002-07-04 3M Innovative Properties Company Weather resistant, ink jettable, radiation curable, fluid compositions particularly suitable for outdoor applications
US20080117248A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Plastipak Packaging, Inc. Digital Printing Plastic Containers

Family Cites Families (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3417175A (en) * 1965-07-15 1968-12-17 Kaumagraph Co Method for relief decorating plastic molded articles
US3490363A (en) * 1967-05-03 1970-01-20 Charles H Derrickson Screen printing of flexible bottles of square cross section
US3999190A (en) * 1975-10-22 1976-12-21 Burroughs Corporation Temperature control system for ink jet printer
US4519310A (en) * 1981-04-27 1985-05-28 Daiwa Can Company, Limited Method of multi-color printing on cylindrical container
US5011862A (en) * 1988-07-29 1991-04-30 Pierce & Stevens Corporation Coating media containing low density composite opacifiers
US5182571A (en) * 1990-02-26 1993-01-26 Spectra, Inc. Hot melt ink jet transparency
US5587405A (en) * 1992-09-14 1996-12-24 Yoshino Kogyosho Co., Ltd. Ink compositions
US5858514A (en) * 1994-08-17 1999-01-12 Triton Digital Imaging Systems, Inc. Coatings for vinyl and canvas particularly permitting ink-jet printing
US5513567A (en) * 1994-11-28 1996-05-07 Advantage Molding And Decorating, Inc. Method for forming a decoration
JPH09141876A (en) * 1995-11-20 1997-06-03 Toyo Ink Mfg Co Ltd Method for ink jet printing
AU715152B2 (en) * 1996-01-26 2000-01-20 Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance Sa Method and apparatus for printing images on packaging material
DE19603906A1 (en) * 1996-02-03 1997-08-07 Wella Ag Bottle-like plastic container and process for its manufacture
NL1002508C2 (en) * 1996-03-01 1997-06-06 Wavin Trepak B V Method for applying a removable print on a holder and holder provided with a removable print.
US5753325A (en) * 1996-06-13 1998-05-19 Mcdaniel; Harry C. Articles having scuff resistant lustrous coatings
DE69725665T2 (en) * 1996-08-09 2004-07-29 Canon Finetech Inc., Mitsukaido Bar code printing system and control method therefor
US5984456A (en) * 1996-12-05 1999-11-16 Array Printers Ab Direct printing method utilizing dot deflection and a printhead structure for accomplishing the method
BR9809156A (en) * 1997-05-23 2000-08-01 Revlon Consumer Prod Corp Processes for decorating a vitreous article and for removing decorative traces from a glass substrate decorated with a radiation-cured paint composition and paint composition
GB9717776D0 (en) * 1997-08-21 1997-10-29 Procter & Gamble Printing process and apparatus
JP3540273B2 (en) * 1997-09-04 2004-07-07 ザール テクノロジー リミテッド Vacuum drum for printing and duplex printer
ES2229439T3 (en) * 1997-12-19 2005-04-16 Toyo Boseki Kabushiki Kaisha LABELS, BOTTLES WITH SUCH LABELS AND PROCESSES FOR RECYCLING.
US6409294B1 (en) * 1997-12-21 2002-06-25 Ascom Hasler Mailing Systems Ag Digital postage franking with coherent light velocimetry
JP3822738B2 (en) * 1998-01-21 2006-09-20 大日精化工業株式会社 Ink composition having alkali treatment releasability and method for removing ink composition from printed matter
US5947917A (en) * 1998-08-28 1999-09-07 Avery Dennison Corporation Adhesive bandage or tape
GB9828476D0 (en) * 1998-12-24 1999-02-17 Xaar Technology Ltd Apparatus for depositing droplets of fluid
US6406115B2 (en) * 1999-01-19 2002-06-18 Xerox Corporation Method of printing with multiple sized drop ejectors on a single printhead
JP2000345089A (en) * 1999-06-08 2000-12-12 Hayakawa Rubber Co Ltd Preparation of printed film, printed film, method of recycling material to be printed and ink composition
EP1182142B1 (en) * 1999-09-10 2006-10-25 Ishida Co., Ltd. Food-packaging bag, method of food packaging, and use of laminated film as food-packaging bag
JP2001270506A (en) * 2000-03-24 2001-10-02 Sealex Corp Printing method on cylindrical label
DE10019926A1 (en) * 2000-04-20 2001-10-31 Isimat Gmbh Siebdruckmaschinen Method for modifying a surface of a compact substrate
US20020097280A1 (en) * 2001-01-25 2002-07-25 Bertram Loper Apparatus and method of printing on a curved surface with an ink jet printer
US6706342B2 (en) * 2001-02-21 2004-03-16 Exxonmobil Oil Corporation Polymeric labels
GB0121909D0 (en) * 2001-09-11 2001-10-31 Xaar Technology Ltd Droplet deposition apparatus
JP2003136692A (en) * 2001-10-30 2003-05-14 Konica Corp Ink jet printer
JP2003165207A (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-10 Hitachi Printing Solutions Ltd Ink jet recorder
US20030150148A1 (en) * 2002-02-12 2003-08-14 Spear U.S.A., L.L.C. Cellulose film label with tactile feel
US6769357B1 (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-08-03 Sequa Can Machinery, Inc. Digital can decorating apparatus
JP3099577U (en) * 2003-07-30 2004-04-08 中央化学株式会社 Food containers
WO2005025873A2 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-24 Jemtex Ink Jet Printing Ltd. Method and apparatus for printing selected information on bottles
EP1697471B1 (en) * 2003-11-12 2009-07-22 Vutek Incorporated Radiation curable ink compositions and applications thereof
US7168472B2 (en) * 2004-03-03 2007-01-30 Sinclair Systems International, Llc Method and apparatus for applying variable coded labels to items of produce
JP4806917B2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2011-11-02 大日本印刷株式会社 Plastic container
US20060142415A1 (en) * 2004-12-29 2006-06-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making and using inkjet inks
US7210408B2 (en) * 2004-12-30 2007-05-01 Plastipak Packaging, Inc. Printing plastic containers with digital images
DE102006001223A1 (en) * 2006-01-10 2007-07-12 Khs Ag Apparatus for printing on bottles or similar containers
US8522989B2 (en) * 2006-05-09 2013-09-03 Plastipak Packaging, Inc. Plastic containers with a base coat thereon
JP2008207411A (en) * 2007-02-26 2008-09-11 Fujifilm Corp Inkjet recording method and printed matter
DE102007061277A1 (en) * 2007-12-19 2009-06-25 Krones Ag labeling

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6194043B1 (en) * 1994-08-02 2001-02-27 Continental Plastic Containers, Inc. Container with recycled plastic
US20020086914A1 (en) * 2000-11-09 2002-07-04 3M Innovative Properties Company Weather resistant, ink jettable, radiation curable, fluid compositions particularly suitable for outdoor applications
US20080117248A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Plastipak Packaging, Inc. Digital Printing Plastic Containers

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2349730A1 (en) 2011-08-03
US20100096386A1 (en) 2010-04-22
JP2015057357A (en) 2015-03-26
KR20110073594A (en) 2011-06-29
CN102186676B (en) 2014-12-03
AU2009307758B2 (en) 2015-08-13
WO2010048119A1 (en) 2010-04-29
AU2009307758A1 (en) 2010-04-29
JP2012506349A (en) 2012-03-15
EP2349730A4 (en) 2012-10-10
CN102186676A (en) 2011-09-14
BRPI0920149A2 (en) 2015-12-22
CA2738808A1 (en) 2010-04-29
RU2011120183A (en) 2012-11-27
RU2560871C2 (en) 2015-08-20
MX2011004208A (en) 2011-05-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP5724285B2 (en) Printing seamless can and manufacturing method thereof
USD670166S1 (en) Bottle cap
EP2015999B1 (en) Plastic containers with a base coat thereon
USD618552S1 (en) Bottle
EP3685997A3 (en) Support ink for three dimensional (3d) printing
US6839940B2 (en) Mug handle cover and method for identifying a mug with a mug handle cover
CN103009843B (en) The preparation method of located laser paper and the processing method of package
USD597865S1 (en) Air quality sensor and docking station
HK1152333A1 (en) Bright ink composition for printing, paper container material made with the bright ink composition, and heat-insulating paper form container
MX2010013832A (en) Printed foamed film package.
EP2789466B8 (en) Printing material container, and board mounted thereon
WO2009013580A3 (en) Methods for manufacturing printed and structurized panels and panel
US6857211B2 (en) Three-dimensional label for a container and method of forming the same
EP2111994A3 (en) Selectable gloss coating system
WO2006074377A3 (en) Ink-jet media having supporting intermediate coatings and microporous top coatings
EP1892271A4 (en) Jet printing ink for polyvinyl chloride resin sheets
WO2005124727A3 (en) Method of providing printable decorative labels for customization of portable electronic devices
ES2527879T3 (en) Digital printing of plastic containers
WO2012071572A3 (en) Image display, method for assembling same, and printing substrate for use therewith
UA98688C2 (en) Method for producing decorated laminate
AU2003291414A1 (en) Graphic article printed with uv-curable ink
USD613161S1 (en) Arthritic-friendly bottle cap
AU2003247765A1 (en) Inkjet ink with reduced bronzing
EP2644362A3 (en) Method for reducing image quality artifacts in three-dimensional printing
WO2005079481A3 (en) Multi-dimensional registration printing

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
DA2 Applications for amendment section 104

Free format text: THE NATURE OF THE AMENDMENT IS AS SHOWN IN THE STATEMENT(S) FILED 10 MAR 2016 .

DA3 Amendments made section 104

Free format text: THE NATURE OF THE AMENDMENT IS AS SHOWN IN THE STATEMENT(S) FILED 10 MAR 2016

FGA Letters patent sealed or granted (standard patent)