AU2008309660B2 - Medical delivery device - Google Patents

Medical delivery device Download PDF

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Publication number
AU2008309660B2
AU2008309660B2 AU2008309660A AU2008309660A AU2008309660B2 AU 2008309660 B2 AU2008309660 B2 AU 2008309660B2 AU 2008309660 A AU2008309660 A AU 2008309660A AU 2008309660 A AU2008309660 A AU 2008309660A AU 2008309660 B2 AU2008309660 B2 AU 2008309660B2
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AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
container
housing
arranged
means
needle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
AU2008309660A
Other versions
AU2008309660A1 (en
Inventor
Stefan Hogdahl
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHL Group AB
Original Assignee
SHL Group AB
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE0702270-0 priority Critical
Priority to SE0702270 priority
Priority to SE0800258 priority
Priority to SE0800258-6 priority
Application filed by SHL Group AB filed Critical SHL Group AB
Priority to PCT/EP2008/063394 priority patent/WO2009047247A1/en
Publication of AU2008309660A1 publication Critical patent/AU2008309660A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU2008309660B2 publication Critical patent/AU2008309660B2/en
Application status is Ceased legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/20Automatic syringes, e.g. with automatically actuated piston rod, with automatic needle injection, filling automatically
    • A61M5/2033Spring-loaded one-shot injectors with or without automatic needle insertion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/20Automatic syringes, e.g. with automatically actuated piston rod, with automatic needle injection, filling automatically
    • A61M5/2053Media being expelled from injector by pressurised fluid or vacuum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/20Automatic syringes, e.g. with automatically actuated piston rod, with automatic needle injection, filling automatically
    • A61M2005/2006Having specific accessories
    • A61M2005/2013Having specific accessories triggering of discharging means by contact of injector with patient body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/20Automatic syringes, e.g. with automatically actuated piston rod, with automatic needle injection, filling automatically
    • A61M2005/206With automatic needle insertion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/20Automatic syringes, e.g. with automatically actuated piston rod, with automatic needle injection, filling automatically
    • A61M2005/2086Automatic syringes, e.g. with automatically actuated piston rod, with automatic needle injection, filling automatically having piston damping means, e.g. axially or rotationally acting retarders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/24Ampoule syringes, i.e. syringes with needle for use in combination with replaceable ampoules or carpules, e.g. automatic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/3205Apparatus for removing or disposing of used needles or syringes, e.g. containers; Means for protection against accidental injuries from used needles
    • A61M5/321Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles
    • A61M5/3243Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles being axially-extensible, e.g. protective sleeves coaxially slidable on the syringe barrel
    • A61M5/326Fully automatic sleeve extension, i.e. in which triggering of the sleeve does not require a deliberate action by the user

Abstract

The present invention relates to an injection device comprising a housing, a container containing medicament to be injected through a needle (34) attachable to said container, drive means (46) operatively acting on said container for injecting said medicament, the drive means comprising a gas spring (50), locking (57) and activating means (56) arranged to hold said gas spring in a loaded state, and when activated, releases said gas spring to inject said medicament.

Description

1 MEDICAL DELIVERY DEVICE TECHNICAL AREA The present invention relates to a medical delivery device and in particular 5 a medicament injection device. TECHNICAL BACKGROUND The field of medicament delivery devices is becoming increasingly important, and in particular injection devices for self-administration of 10 medicament is becoming more and more popular. However, there are a few aspects that affect the possibilities of successfully marketing an injection device, satisfying requirements from both injector manufacturers, drug manufacturers and of course the users 15 of the devices. Regarding manufacturing and sales of injection devices one requirement is that it must not be too expensive to manufacture, and the cost is very much depending on the complexity of the device regarding functions 20 because added functions mean additional components that have to be designed so that they interact flawlessly in order to ascertain proper function of the device. Regarding the sales and end users, the device should preferably be rather discrete at the same time as it should be easy to use, almost intuitive at the same time as it should be safe enough to 25 avoid unintentional firing of the device. Another aspect regarding medicament delivery devices is how to expel the medicament. Often the medicament is arranged in a compartment having a movable wall, like a stopper, and an orifice in the opposite end, to which 30 orifice a needle is attached, like a syringe or cartridge. Often a spring or the like force means is connected to a plunger rod, in turn acting on the stopper for expelling the medicament. The spring is in most applications a helically wound compression spring, which is a well 35 tried and economical drive member for an injection device. However, it has 2 a few drawbacks that can affect the function of the device. One drawback is that the spring force is highest at the beginning of the movement of the plunger rod, and that the spring force decreases linearly with the extension of the spring, until it reaches almost zero force when almost 5 fully extended. If the medicament has a rather high viscosity, it requires rather high forces to push it through the narrow passage of the needle, where the forces have to be available during the whole stroke of the plunger rod. With a compression spring, it has to be "over-dimensioned" in order to handle the whole stroke. 10 Another drawback with the compression spring can be that the force is highest at the beginning of the stroke, and if a sudden high force is applied to the cartridge or syringe often mad of glass, it may break, causing a serious malfunction of the device. 15 Attempts have been made to arrange force members providing more constant force during the stroke, for example leaf springs. However, they tend to require more space than spiral springs, thus making the devices larger. 20 Attempts have also been made to arrange force members providing more constant force during the stroke, for example gas springs as in US2004/0254525, US2002007149 and US5919159. However, these members have been only provided in needle-less delivery devices which 25 require high driving pressure without damping for driving the drug through a nozzle into the outermost layer of the skin. Since the thickness and penetrability of the skin varies from patient to patient, it is complicated to regulate the level of pressure to drive the drug correctly through the outermost layer of the skin and many patients experience 30 said needle less injections as painfully. There is thus a need exists for an improved injection device using a needle wherein the force member provides more constant and consistent damping force along the entire injection process.

3 There is also a demand for injection devices having a reduced number of components but still having good functionality for self-administration, that are easy to handle and that have penetration and injection force means that can deliver enough power and damping during the whole 5 stroke. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In one broad form, the present invention provides an injection device including: a housing, a container arranged inside said housing and 10 adapted to contain medicament to be injected through a needle attachable to said container, drive means comprising a drive plate and a tubular member, the tubular member being arranged parallel with, and on the side of, said container, said drive means being arranged to be held in a loaded state by a locking means, wherein said drive means are capable of 15 operating on said container for penetrating said needle into an injection site and injecting said medicament when said locking means are released by an activating means, and wherein said injection device comprises a gas spring arranged inside the tubular member, the gas spring having a rear end fixedly attached to an end cap which is fixedly attached to the 20 housing, and a forward end of a piston rod being fixedly attached to an end wall of the tubular member, the gas spring having a constant and consistent damping force characteristic for driving said drive means with a constant and consistent damping force along its entire stroke length when said locking means are released, reloading means connected to the drive 25 means for moving said drive means to its loaded state and thereby reloading the gas spring, and wherein the container is arranged in a container holder which is slidable from a position where the needle is protected inside said housing, to a position where said needle protrudes outside said housing, and wherein said drive means is capable of acting 30 on said holder for performing the penetration of the needle.

4 Preferably, the tubular member is slidable inside said housing, and the drive plate acts on a plunger rod of said container for performing an injection of said medicament. 5 There are several advantages with the present invention. The gas spring provides a smoother, damped and controlled movement of the container and/or plunger rod than an ordinary compression spring, and in particular during the initial movement. Further the force from the gas spring does not decrease with the movement in the same manner as a 10 compression spring does. The gas spring further provides additional design possibilities such that the gas spring may be placed beside the container, thereby reducing the length of the device. The device becomes somewhat broader, but this is 15 often an advantage for many patients, providing a better grip. These and other aspects of and advantages with the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description and from the accompanying drawings. 20 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the following detailed description of the invention, reference will be made to the accompanying drawings, of which 25 Fig. 1 is an exploded view of a first embodiment of an injection device according to the present invention, Fig. 2 is a side view in cross-section of the device of Fig. 1 in a state before injection, 30 Fig. 3 is a side view in cross-section of the device of Fig. 1 in a state after injection, and Fig. 4 is an exploded view of a second embodiment of an injection 35 device according to the present invention.

5 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION In the drawings, one embodiment of an injection device according to the present invention is shown. It comprises a housing 10 having a somewhat 5 elongated shape, a container 32 arranged inside said housing and containing medicament to be injected through a needle 34 attachable to said container, drive means 40 arranged to be held in a loaded state by a locking means and capable of operating on said container for penetrating said needle into an injection site and injecting said medicament when said 10 locking means are released by an activating means, and a gas spring for driving said drive means. One side of the housing is arranged with an opening 12 having an openable lid 14 attached with hinges 16. Inside the housing a container holder 18 is arranged slidable in the longitudinal direction of the housing with the help of elongated grooves 20 on the 15 container holder mating with elongated ridges 22 on the inner surface of the housing. The drive unit 40 is further arranged in the housing, comprising a generally tubular member 42 placed beside the syringe and parallel with it and slidable with respect to the housing. The front end of the tubular member 42 is arranged with an end wall 44 having a central 20 guide hole. The rear end of the tubular member is open. At the rear end of the tubular member a drive plate 46 is attached and arranged perpendicular to the tubular member and the container. The gas spring 50 having a characteristic that provides a constant and consistent damping force along the entire stroke length, due to its ability to have a 25 controlled rate of extension, i.e. a controlled release of the stored energy, is arranged inside the tubular member 42, wherein the gas spring comprises a matter-filled housing system; e.g. gas-filled, liquid-filled or a combination thereof; a piston with a piston rod 52; a sealing-guiding unit and end fittings. In order to make the gas spring to move a particular load, 30 it must first be compressed, which increases the pressure inside the housing system. The piston rod of an unloaded gas spring is always in an extended position. In order to ensure a damping, e.g. a minor quantity of oil inside the housing may be used to lubricate the seals. The end of the piston rod is fixedly attached in a guide hole of the end wall 44. The rear 6 end of the gas spring, having a guide pin, is in contact with an end cap 54, which in turn is fixedly attached to the housing. In a preferred embodiment, as seen in figs 1-3, the container holder 18 is aligned with a front opening 24 of the housing. The front end of the 5 container holder is arranged with an end surface 26 having central opening 28. The container holder is further open at the opposite end and is arranged with an elongated opening 30 facing the opening of the housing. The container 32; e.g. a cartridge, a syringe or the like; containing medicament to be injected can be placed in the container 10 holder through the opening of the container holder and placed such that a front shoulder of the container is abutting the end surface and with a needle 34 pointing towards the front opening of the housing. The drive plate 46 is designed to be in contact with the rear end of a plunger rod 48 of a syringe. In an alternative embodiment (not shown) a plunger rod is 15 attached at one end to the drive plate, such that the other end of said plunger rod is in contact with a stopper inside a cartridge. In the preferred embodiment, as seen in figs 1-3, the locking and the activating means 55 in the form of a lever is arranged; e.g. pivotally, 20 slidable; to the housing where one end 57 of the lever is in contact with the end wall 44 of the tubular member 42 acting as the locking means and the other end of the lever is a trigger button 56 acting as the activating means; such that when the end 57 of the lever is in contact with the end wall 44 of the tubular member 42, the drive means 40 and the gas spring 25 are in a loaded state. Moreover, in the preferred embodiment, the housing 10 comprises reloading means in the form of a through hole 13 extending from the front end and in the longitudinal direction of the housing, wherein the tubular 30 member 42 is arranged to be displaced when the drive means are released from its loaded state, as shown in fig 1-3. In a second embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, a needle shield 60 in the form of a tubular sleeve is slidable arranged inside the housing aligned with a 35 front opening 24 of the housing. The front end of the needle shield is 7 slidable arranged with an end surface 61 having central opening 62. The needle shield also comprises two slidable elongated bars 63 slidable arranged in the longitudinal direction of the housing within two elongated grooves 20 on a container holder 18. The needle shield further comprises 5 a first elongated flexible tongue 64 extending rearwards in the longitudinal direction of the housing, wherein the first flexible tongue 64 comprises a heel 66 and a radial outwardly protruding first ledge 65. In the second embodiment, the drive means 40 further comprises a 10 second elongated flexible tongue 41 extending forwards in the longitudinal direction of the housing, wherein the second flexible tongue 41 comprises radial inwardly protruding second ledge 43. Moreover, the drive unit also comprises a third elongated flexible tongue (not shown) extending forwards in the longitudinal direction of the housing, wherein the third 15 flexible tongue comprises a radial outwardly protruding third ledge (not shown) which is arranged to be in contact with a ratchet (not shown) arranged on an inner wall of the housing 10 for providing an audible and tactile feedback to the user when the device is delivering the medicament. 20 In the second embodiment, as seen in fig. 4, the locking and the activating means 70 in the form of a lever is arranged; e.g. pivotally, slidable; to the housing where one end 72 of the lever in contact with the end wall 44 of the tubular member 42 acting as the locking means and the other end 71 of the lever is arranged to be in contact with the first elongated flexible 25 tongue 64 of the needle shield 60 acting as the activating means; such that when the end 72 of the lever is in contact with the end wall 44 of the tubular member 42, the drive means 40 and the gas spring are in a loaded state. 30 In the second embodiment, as seen in fig. 4, a reloading means, comprising a pulling handle 80 and a slidable and resilient pulling rod 81 having a rear end and a forward end, is arranged to the drive means 40 for moving said drive means to its loaded state and thereby reloading the gas spring. The pulling rod is adapted to pass through a through hole (not 35 shown) on the surface of the drive plate 46 and through a through hole 8 (not shown) on the surface of the end cap 54. The rear end is connected to the pulling handle and the forward end has a circular ledge which has a larger diameter than the through holes such that when the drive unit has to be pulled back against the force exerted by the piston rod 52, the 5 circular ledge is resting against the forward surface of the drive plate 46. In a third embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, the end of the piston rod 52 is fixedly attached to the inner surface of the end cap 54; and the rear end of the gas spring, having a guide pin, is fixedly attached in a guide hole of an 10 end wall of the generally tubular member 42. A needle shield 60 in the form of a tubular sleeve is slidable arranged inside the housing aligned with a front opening 24 of the housing. The front end of the needle shield is slidable arranged with an end surface 61 having central opening 62. The needle shield also comprises two slidable elongated bars 63 slidable 15 arranged in the longitudinal direction of the housing within two elongated grooves 20 on the container holder 18. The needle shield further comprises an elongated tongue 64 extending rearwards in the longitudinal direction of the housing. 20 In the third embodiment, the generally tubular member 42 of the drive means 40 comprises a radial outwardly protruding second ledge 43 and an elongated rod 45 extending forwards in the longitudinal direction of the housing from the protruding second ledge 43. Moreover, the outer wall of the elongated rod 45 is arranged with a ring-shaped recess 72 nearest the 25 protruding second ledge 43. As seen in fig. 5, the locking and the activating means in the form of a first slidable tubular sleeve 58 comprising an outwardly protruding ledge 85 is arranged around a second tubular sleeve 59. Said second tubular sleeve 30 59 is fixedly attached at its rear end to the inner surface of an end cap 54, and is provided with a number of elongated slots at its front end, thereby forming a number of resilient arms 82. The ends of the arms 82 are arranged with outwardly directed projections 83 abutting the inner wall of the first tubular sleeve 58. Further, the ends of the arms 82 are arranged 9 inwardly directed projections (not shown) abutting the outer wall of the elongated rod 45. The second tubular sleeve 59 is arranged to receive the elongated rod 45. A resilient means as e.g. a spring, (not shown) is arranged around the second tubular sleeve 59 and between the inner 5 surface of the end cap 54 and the inner surface of a wall arranged at the front end of the first tubular sleeve 58. When the elongated rod 45 is arranged within the second tubular means 59, the first tubular sleeve is forced towards the front end of the device due to force exerted by the resilient means whereby the first tubular sleeve covers the arms 82 forcing 10 the inwardly directed projections of the second tubular means 59 inwardly within the ring-shaped recess 72 of the elongated rod 45 acting as the locking means, such that the drive means 40 and the gas spring are in a loaded state. The flexible tongue 64 of the needle shield is arranged to make contact with the outwardly protruding ledge 85 when the needle 15 shield is pushed against an injection site, acting as the activating means. In the third embodiment, as seen in fig. 5, a reloading means, comprising a pulling-and-pushing handle 80 and a slidable pulling-and-pushing rod 81, is arranged to the drive means 40 for moving said drive means from an 20 unloaded state to a loaded state and thereby reloading the gas spring. The pulling-and-pushing rod is adapted to pass through a through hole (not shown) on the front surface of the housing 10 and through a through hole (not shown) of the drive plate 46. The front end is connected to the pulling-and-pushing handle and a protrusion 85 is arranged on its 25 elongated outer surface at a predetermined distance from its front end such that when the drive unit has to be pushed back against the force exerted by the piston rod 52, the pulling-and-pushing handle is pulled towards the front end of the device, is clockwise rotated and is pushed against a surface as e.g. a table or the like. 30 The device is intended to function as follows. When a patient is to inject a dose of medicament, the lid 14 is opened and a container 32 is placed in the container holder. Before insertion, the 35 patient may have performed different actions such as mixing if the 10 medicament has to be mixed before delivery or priming in order to remove any entrapped air and/or needle setting if the container is a cartridge. The lid is then closed and the device is ready for use, Fig. 2. 5 In the preferred embodiment, the front end of the injector is then pressed against the injection site and the trigger button 56 is then pushed whereby the lever resting against the tubular member 42 is moved out of contact releasing the drive means from its loaded state due to the constant and consistent damping force exerted by the gas spring. The 10 movement of the drive means causes the container 32 to slide forward due to the slidable arrangement of the container holder 18. The constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring is transmitted to the plunger rod 48 and because of the incompressibility of the medicament and the small passage of the needle; the needle penetrates the skin of the patient. 15 The movement of the container is stopped when the container holder reaches the front wall of the housing. The constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring now forces the plunger rod forward, whereby the medicament is injected into the 20 patient with a uniform force, Fig. 3. When the injection is completed the device is removed from the injection site. The container is removed from the device, and the drive means is pushed back to its original position by a rod-shaped means introduced through the through hole 13 in a suitable manner against the force exerted by the piston rod 52 whereby the drive 25 means 40 are moved backwards and locked when the means 57 are engaged with the wall 44. A new container may now be placed in the device. In the second embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the front end of the needle 30 shield is pressed against the injection site whereby the heel 66 is slid over the end 71 forcing the locking and activating means 70 to be moved, e.g. pivoted, for releasing the contact of the end 72 with the wall 44 of the tubular member 42. The constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring 50 is then free to move the tubular member in the forward 35 direction, whereby also the drive plate 46 is moved. The movement of the 11 drive plate causes the container 32 to slide forward due to the slidable arrangement of the container holder 18. The constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring is transmitted to the plunger rod 48 and because of the incompressibility of the medicament and the small 5 passage of the needle; the needle penetrates the skin of the patient. The movement of the container is stopped when the container holder reaches the front wall of the housing. Further, the constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring 10 forces the plunger rod forward, whereby the medicament is injected into the patient with a uniform force. When the injection is completed the device is removed from the injection site and the needle shield is extended over the needle. The container is 15 removed from the device and the tubular member and the needle shield are pulled back to its original position against the force exerted by the piston rod 52 by pulling the handle 80. The drive unit 40 is moved backwards and locked when the means 71 is engaged with the wall 44. A new container may now be placed in the device. 20 Moreover, when the needle shield is pushed against the injection site and the drive unit 40 is moved forward, the radial inwardly protruding second ledge 43 comes into contact with the radial outwardly protruding first ledge 65 for allowing the needle shield to be pulled back. 25 In the third embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, the front end of the needle shield is pressed against the injection site whereby the flexible tongue 64 of the needle shield makes contact with the outwardly protruding ledge 85 and thereby pushing rearward the first slidable tubular sleeve 58. When 30 the first slidable tubular sleeve 58 moves rearwards, the resilient arms 82 moves radially outwards releasing the inwardly directed projections from the ring-shaped recess 72 of the elongated rod 45, whereby the constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring 50 is then free to move the tubular member 42 in the forward direction, whereby also the drive 35 plate 46 is moved. The movement of the drive plate causes the container 12 32 to slide forward due to the slidable arrangement of the container holder 18. The constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring is transmitted to the plunger rod 48 and because of the incompressibility of the medicament and the small passage of the needle; the needle 5 penetrates the skin of the patient. Further, the constant and consistent damping force from the gas spring forces the plunger rod forward, whereby the medicament is injected into the patient with a uniform force. The movement of the container is stopped when the container holder reaches the front wall of the housing. 10 When the injection is completed the device is removed from the injection site and the needle shield is extended over the needle. The container is removed from the device and the tubular member 42 and the needle shield are pushed back to its original position against the force exerted by the 15 piston rod 52 by the pulling-and-pushing handle 80. For locking the drive unit, the drive unit 40 is moved backwards until the inwardly directed projections of the resilient arms 82 engages the ring-shaped recess 72 of the elongated rod 45, forcing the resilient arms 82 to move radial inwardly and allowing the first tubular sleeve to slide towards the front end of the 20 device due to the force exerted by the resilient means. A new container may now be placed in the device. It is to be understood that the device may be modified in many ways and arranged with additional features. Thus, the trigger may have many 25 different designs, including extra safety members requiring a two-step or two-grip action in order to activate the device. It is thus to be understood that the embodiments described above and shown in the drawings is to be regarded as only non-limiting examples of 30 the present invention and that it may be modified in many ways within the scope of protection of the patent claims. The term "comprise" and variants of that term such as "comprises" or "comprising" are used herein to denote the inclusion of a stated integer or 13 integers but not to exclude any other integer or any other integers, unless in the context or usage an exclusive interpretation of the term is required. Reference to prior art disclosures in this specification is not an admission 5 that the disclosures constitute common general knowledge in Australia.

Claims (4)

1. An injection device comprising: - a housing, - a container arranged inside said housing and adapted to contain medicament to be injected through a needle attachable to said container, - drive means comprising a drive plate and a tubular member, the tubular member being arranged parallel with, and on the side of, said container; said drive means being arranged to be held in a loaded state by a locking means wherein said drive means are capable of operating on said container for penetrating said needle into an injection site and injecting said medicament when said locking means are released by an activating means, characterised in that said injection device comprises: - a gas spring arranged inside said tubular member, wherein said gas spring has a rear end fixedly attached to an end cap which is fixedly attached to the housing, and a forward end of a piston rod is fixedly attached to an end wall of the tubular member, and wherein said gas spring has a constant and consistent damping force characteristic for driving said drive means with a constant and consistent damping force along its entire stroke length when said locking means are released; - reloading means connected to the drive means for moving said drive means to its loaded state and thereby reloading the gas spring; and - wherein said container is arranged in a container holder which is slidable from a position where the needle is protected inside said housing, to a position where said needle protrudes outside said housing, and wherein said drive means is capable of acting on said holder for performing the penetration of the needle.
2. The injection device according to claim 1, wherein the drive plate is arranged to act on a plunger rod of said container for performing the injection of said medicament. 15
3. The injection device according to claim 1, wherein the drive plate has a plunger rod which acts on a stopper within the container for performing an injection of said medicament.
4. An injection device substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figs 1 to 3, or Fig.4 , of the accompanying drawings.
AU2008309660A 2007-10-10 2008-10-07 Medical delivery device Ceased AU2008309660B2 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE0702270-0 2007-10-10
SE0702270 2007-10-10
SE0800258 2008-02-04
SE0800258-6 2008-02-04
PCT/EP2008/063394 WO2009047247A1 (en) 2007-10-10 2008-10-07 Medical delivery device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU2008309660A1 AU2008309660A1 (en) 2009-04-16
AU2008309660B2 true AU2008309660B2 (en) 2012-07-12

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2008309660A Ceased AU2008309660B2 (en) 2007-10-10 2008-10-07 Medical delivery device

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US8172797B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2211943B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101903058B (en)
AU (1) AU2008309660B2 (en)
DK (1) DK2211943T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2009047247A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

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US9333309B2 (en) 2002-02-11 2016-05-10 Antares Pharma, Inc. Intradermal injector
US9180259B2 (en) 2005-01-24 2015-11-10 Antares Pharma, Inc. Prefilled syringe jet injector
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US9446195B2 (en) 2011-07-15 2016-09-20 Antares Pharma, Inc. Injection device with cammed ram assembly
US9486583B2 (en) 2012-03-06 2016-11-08 Antares Pharma, Inc. Prefilled syringe with breakaway force feature
US9364611B2 (en) 2012-05-07 2016-06-14 Antares Pharma, Inc. Needle assisted jet injection device having reduced trigger force
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WO2009047247A1 (en) 2009-04-16
US8172797B2 (en) 2012-05-08
US20100222742A1 (en) 2010-09-02
EP2211943A1 (en) 2010-08-04
CN101903058B (en) 2013-03-20
EP2211943B1 (en) 2016-12-21
AU2008309660A1 (en) 2009-04-16
CN101903058A (en) 2010-12-01
DK2211943T3 (en) 2017-03-06

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