AT445239T - Improvements on fuel cells and such facilities - Google Patents

Improvements on fuel cells and such facilities

Info

Publication number
AT445239T
AT445239T AT02801946T AT02801946T AT445239T AT 445239 T AT445239 T AT 445239T AT 02801946 T AT02801946 T AT 02801946T AT 02801946 T AT02801946 T AT 02801946T AT 445239 T AT445239 T AT 445239T
Authority
AT
Austria
Prior art keywords
facilities
fuel cells
fuel
cells
Prior art date
Application number
AT02801946T
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
John Thomas Irvine
Frances Gwyneth Elaine Jones
Paul Connor
Original Assignee
Univ St Andrews
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GBGB0125276.6A priority Critical patent/GB0125276D0/en
Application filed by Univ St Andrews filed Critical Univ St Andrews
Priority to PCT/GB2002/004726 priority patent/WO2003036746A2/en
Publication of AT445239T publication Critical patent/AT445239T/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
    • H01M8/12Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
    • H01M8/1213Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte characterised by the electrode/electrolyte combination or the supporting material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/48Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on zirconium or hafnium oxides, zirconates, zircon or hafnates
    • C04B35/486Fine ceramics
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/632Organic additives
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
    • H01M8/12Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
    • H01M8/124Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte
    • H01M8/1246Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte the electrolyte consisting of oxides
    • H01M8/1253Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte the electrolyte consisting of oxides the electrolyte containing zirconium oxide
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/24Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells
    • H01M8/241Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells with solid or matrix-supported electrolytes
    • H01M8/2425High-temperature cells with solid electrolytes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/24Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells
    • H01M8/241Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells with solid or matrix-supported electrolytes
    • H01M8/2425High-temperature cells with solid electrolytes
    • H01M8/243Grouping of unit cells of tubular or cylindrical configuration
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3224Rare earth oxide or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. scandium oxide
    • C04B2235/3225Yttrium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/50Constituents or additives of the starting mixture chosen for their shape or used because of their shape or their physical appearance
    • C04B2235/54Particle size related information
    • C04B2235/5409Particle size related information expressed by specific surface values
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/50Constituents or additives of the starting mixture chosen for their shape or used because of their shape or their physical appearance
    • C04B2235/54Particle size related information
    • C04B2235/5418Particle size related information expressed by the size of the particles or aggregates thereof
    • C04B2235/5445Particle size related information expressed by the size of the particles or aggregates thereof submicron sized, i.e. from 0,1 to 1 micron
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/60Aspects relating to the preparation, properties or mechanical treatment of green bodies or pre-forms
    • C04B2235/602Making the green bodies or pre-forms by moulding
    • C04B2235/6025Tape casting, e.g. with a doctor blade
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/656Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes characterised by specific heating conditions during heat treatment
    • C04B2235/6562Heating rate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/72Products characterised by the absence or the low content of specific components, e.g. alkali metal free alumina ceramics
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • C04B2235/9607Thermal properties, e.g. thermal expansion coefficient
    • C04B2235/9623Ceramic setters properties
    • Y02E60/525
    • Y02P70/56
AT02801946T 2001-10-20 2002-10-18 Improvements on fuel cells and such facilities AT445239T (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GBGB0125276.6A GB0125276D0 (en) 2001-10-20 2001-10-20 Improvements in fuel cells related devices
PCT/GB2002/004726 WO2003036746A2 (en) 2001-10-20 2002-10-18 Improvements in solid oxide fuel cells and related devices

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
AT445239T true AT445239T (en) 2009-10-15

Family

ID=9924263

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AT02801946T AT445239T (en) 2001-10-20 2002-10-18 Improvements on fuel cells and such facilities

Country Status (12)

Country Link
US (1) US7569304B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1461839B1 (en)
JP (2) JP5072169B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1279646C (en)
AT (1) AT445239T (en)
AU (1) AU2002334198B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2464392C (en)
DE (1) DE60233972D1 (en)
DK (1) DK1461839T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2333646T3 (en)
GB (1) GB0125276D0 (en)
WO (1) WO2003036746A2 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US4532342A (en) 1981-02-20 1985-07-30 Warner-Lambert Company N-substituted amino acids as intermediates in the preparation of acyl derivatives of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acids
KR100437498B1 (en) * 2002-02-04 2004-06-25 한국에너지기술연구원 Anode-supported tubular solid oxide fuel cell stack and fabrication method of it
GB0217794D0 (en) * 2002-08-01 2002-09-11 Univ St Andrews Fuel cell electrodes
JP4249960B2 (en) 2002-08-28 2009-04-08 新光電気工業株式会社 Fuel cell
US7348087B2 (en) * 2003-07-28 2008-03-25 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Fuel cell with integral manifold
US20050115658A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2005-06-02 Daga Amit K. Joining of ceramic powder pressed components in the green or sintered state with a gelcast joint
WO2005064731A2 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-07-14 Universität Stuttgart Electrochemical cell arrangement having a pocket-shaped structure
US8410747B2 (en) 2004-07-21 2013-04-02 Societe Bic Flexible fuel cell structures having external support
US7981565B2 (en) 2005-11-08 2011-07-19 Alan Devoe Solid oxide fuel cell device and system
US8153318B2 (en) 2006-11-08 2012-04-10 Alan Devoe Method of making a fuel cell device
US8293415B2 (en) 2006-05-11 2012-10-23 Alan Devoe Solid oxide fuel cell device and system
US20090169953A1 (en) * 2005-11-24 2009-07-02 Hiroshige Matsumoto Electrochemical Cell and Method for Producing Electrochemical Cell
JP2007172846A (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-07-05 National Institute Of Advanced Industrial & Technology Tube type electrochemical reactor cell and electrochemical reaction system composed by it
US7968245B2 (en) * 2006-09-25 2011-06-28 Bloom Energy Corporation High utilization stack
US8278013B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2012-10-02 Alan Devoe Fuel cell device and system
US8182959B2 (en) 2007-11-06 2012-05-22 Cp Sofc Ip, Llc Tubular electrochemical cell
WO2009061294A1 (en) * 2007-11-06 2009-05-14 Nanodynamics Energy, Inc. Tubular electrochemical cell
US8227128B2 (en) 2007-11-08 2012-07-24 Alan Devoe Fuel cell device and system
US20090166908A1 (en) * 2008-01-02 2009-07-02 Maw-Chwain Lee Innovation control process for specific porosity/gas permeability of electrode layers of SOFC-MEA through combination of sintering and pore former scheme and technology
US8343684B2 (en) 2008-03-07 2013-01-01 Alan Devoe Fuel cell device and system
US9287571B2 (en) * 2008-07-23 2016-03-15 Bloom Energy Corporation Operation of fuel cell systems with reduced carbon formation and anode leading edge damage
KR101717300B1 (en) 2008-10-28 2017-03-16 알랜 드보 Fuel cell device and system
US8481187B2 (en) 2009-09-10 2013-07-09 Battelle Memorial Institute High-energy metal air batteries
US9039788B2 (en) * 2009-11-18 2015-05-26 Battelle Memorial Institute Methods for making anodes for lithium ion batteries
JP6166272B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2017-07-19 アラン・デヴォー Fuel cell device
US9023555B2 (en) 2012-02-24 2015-05-05 Alan Devoe Method of making a fuel cell device
EP2817842B1 (en) 2012-02-24 2016-04-13 Alan Devoe Method of making a fuel cell device
KR20130123189A (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-11-12 삼성전자주식회사 Anode support for solid oxide fuel cell and manufacturing method thereof, and solid oxide fuel cell including the anode support
JP5923045B2 (en) * 2013-01-08 2016-05-24 株式会社ノリタケカンパニーリミテド Green sheet for solid oxide fuel cell and method for producing the same
WO2014182564A1 (en) * 2013-05-04 2014-11-13 Applied Cavitation, Inc. Tape casting using slurry from a cavitation apparatus and methods of making same
WO2015054065A1 (en) 2013-10-08 2015-04-16 Phillips 66 Company Liquid phase modification of electrodes of solid oxide fuel cells
WO2015054139A1 (en) * 2013-10-08 2015-04-16 Phillips 66 Company Method of producing layers for solid oxide fuel cells
US10418657B2 (en) 2013-10-08 2019-09-17 Phillips 66 Company Formation of solid oxide fuel cells by spraying
US9666891B2 (en) 2013-10-08 2017-05-30 Phillips 66 Company Gas phase modification of solid oxide fuel cells
DE102013225559A1 (en) 2013-12-11 2015-06-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh Wound solid oxide cell
GB201410092D0 (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-07-23 Cambridge Entpr Ltd Electrolyte membrane
US10700378B2 (en) 2015-12-17 2020-06-30 The Regents Of The University Of Michigan Slurry formulation for the formation of layers for solid state batteries
KR101884976B1 (en) * 2016-02-16 2018-08-03 한밭대학교 산학협력단 Ceramic thick film using aqueous binder and solid oxide fuel cells using the same

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US5154784A (en) 1991-02-01 1992-10-13 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Process for manufacturing a lithium alloy electrochemical cell
JPH04315769A (en) * 1991-02-15 1992-11-06 Yuasa Corp Manufacture of solid electrolyte fuel cell
GB9305189D0 (en) 1993-03-13 1993-04-28 British Nuclear Fuels Plc Fuel cells
JPH07282823A (en) * 1994-04-12 1995-10-27 Kyocera Corp Manufacture of cell of cylindrical fuel cell
US6228520B1 (en) 1997-04-10 2001-05-08 The Dow Chemical Company Consinterable ceramic interconnect for solid oxide fuel cells
US5922486A (en) * 1997-05-29 1999-07-13 The Dow Chemical Company Cosintering of multilayer stacks of solid oxide fuel cells
JPH11297334A (en) * 1998-04-10 1999-10-29 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Hollow flat substrate, its manufacture and manufacture of solid electrolyte fuel cell
JP4249960B2 (en) 2002-08-28 2009-04-08 新光電気工業株式会社 Fuel cell

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA2464392C (en) 2011-03-08
DK1461839T3 (en) 2010-01-18
JP2005507545A (en) 2005-03-17
WO2003036746A3 (en) 2004-07-01
WO2003036746A2 (en) 2003-05-01
AU2002334198B2 (en) 2007-04-26
CN1572041A (en) 2005-01-26
JP2012028346A (en) 2012-02-09
CA2464392A1 (en) 2003-05-01
EP1461839B1 (en) 2009-10-07
EP1461839A2 (en) 2004-09-29
GB0125276D0 (en) 2001-12-12
DE60233972D1 (en) 2009-11-19
US20040247970A1 (en) 2004-12-09
CN1279646C (en) 2006-10-11
US7569304B2 (en) 2009-08-04
JP5072169B2 (en) 2012-11-14
ES2333646T3 (en) 2010-02-25

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