AR085947A1 - ENERGY SYSTEM WITH HO BASE HYDROGEN CATALYST - Google Patents

ENERGY SYSTEM WITH HO BASE HYDROGEN CATALYST

Info

Publication number
AR085947A1
AR085947A1 ARP120101205A ARP120101205A AR085947A1 AR 085947 A1 AR085947 A1 AR 085947A1 AR P120101205 A ARP120101205 A AR P120101205A AR P120101205 A ARP120101205 A AR P120101205A AR 085947 A1 AR085947 A1 AR 085947A1
Authority
AR
Argentina
Prior art keywords
source
atomic hydrogen
catalyst
energy
reagents
Prior art date
Application number
ARP120101205A
Other languages
English (en)
Original Assignee
Blacklight Power Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201161472076P priority Critical
Priority to US201161482932P priority
Priority to US201161485769P priority
Priority to US201161490903P priority
Priority to US201161498245P priority
Priority to US201161505719P priority
Priority to US201161515505P priority
Priority to US201161538534P priority
Priority to US201161566225P priority
Priority to US201161559504P priority
Priority to US201161578465P priority
Priority to US201261591532P priority
Priority to US201261612607P priority
Application filed by Blacklight Power Inc filed Critical Blacklight Power Inc
Publication of AR085947A1 publication Critical patent/AR085947A1/es

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B1/00Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
    • C25B1/01Products
    • C25B1/02Hydrogen or oxygen
    • C25B1/04Hydrogen or oxygen by electrolysis of water
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21BFUSION REACTORS
    • G21B3/00Low temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors
    • G21B3/002Fusion by absorption in a matrix
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21DNUCLEAR POWER PLANT
    • G21D7/00Arrangements for direct production of electric energy from fusion or fission reactions
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M14/00Electrochemical current or voltage generators not provided for in groups H01M6/00 - H01M12/00; Manufacture thereof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
    • H01M4/8605Porous electrodes
    • H01M4/8626Porous electrodes characterised by the form
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
    • H01M4/94Non-porous diffusion electrodes, e.g. palladium membranes, ion exchange membranes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
    • H01M4/96Carbon-based electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0606Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants
    • H01M8/0656Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues with means for production of gaseous reactants by electrochemical means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/18Regenerative fuel cells, e.g. redox flow batteries or secondary fuel cells
    • H01M8/184Regeneration by electrochemical means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/22Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising carbon or oxygen or hydrogen and other elements; Fuel cells in which the fuel is based on materials comprising only elements other than carbon, oxygen or hydrogen
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/18Regenerative fuel cells, e.g. redox flow batteries or secondary fuel cells
    • H01M8/184Regeneration by electrochemical means
    • H01M8/186Regeneration by electrochemical means by electrolytic decomposition of the electrolytic solution or the formed water product
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • Y02E30/10Nuclear fusion reactors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/32Hydrogen storage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/36Hydrogen production from non-carbon containing sources, e.g. by water electrolysis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells

Abstract

Se presenta un sistema de energía electroquímica que genera una fuerza electromotriz (EMF) en virtud de la reacción catalítica del hidrógeno a estados de menor energía (hidrinos) produciendo la conversión directa de la energía liberada de la reacción de los hidrinos a electricidad, donde el sistema comprende por lo menos dos componentes elegidos entre: catalizador H2O o una fuente de catalizador H2O; hidrógeno atómico o una fuente de hidrógeno atómico; los reactivos para formar el H2O catalizador o fuente de H2O catalizador e hidrógeno atómico o una fuente de hidrógeno atómico y uno o más reactivos para iniciar la catálisis del hidrógeno atómico. El sistema de energía electroquímica para la formación de hidrinos y electricidad puede comprender además un compartimiento catódico que comprende un cátodo, un compartimiento anódico que comprende un ánodo, opcionalmente un puente salino, los reactivos que constituyen reactivos hidrino durante el funcionamiento de la celda con flujo de electrones y transporte de masa iónica separados y una fuente de hidrógeno. Debido a reacciones de media celda de oxidación-reducción, la mezcla de reacción productora de hidrinos se constituye con la migración de electrones a través de un circuito externo y el transporte de la masa iónica a lo largo de un trayecto separado tal como el electrolito para completar un circuito eléctrico. También se presenta una fuente de energía y un reactor de hidruros que a energía a un sistema de energía que comprende (i) una celda de reacción para la catálisis de hidrógeno atómico para formar hidrinos, (ii) una mezcla de combustibles químicos que comprende por lo menos dos componentes elegidos entre: una fuente de catalizador H2O o catalizador H2O; una fuente de hidrógeno atómico o hidrógeno atómico; los reactivos para formar la fuente de H2O catalizador o H2O catalizador y una fuente de hidrógeno atómico o hidrógeno atómico; uno o más reactivos para iniciar la catálisis del hidrógeno atómico y un soporte para habilitar la catálisis, (iii) disposiciones térmicas para revertir una reacción de intercambio para regenerar por calor el combustible de los productos de la reacción, (iv) un disipador de calor que admite el calor originado en las reacciones productoras de energía y (v) un sistema de conversión de energía.An electrochemical energy system that generates an electromotive force (EMF) is presented by virtue of the catalytic reaction of hydrogen to states of lower energy (hydrines) producing the direct conversion of the energy released from the reaction of hydrinos to electricity, where the The system comprises at least two components chosen from: H2O catalyst or a source of H2O catalyst; atomic hydrogen or a source of atomic hydrogen; reagents to form the catalyst H2O or source of catalyst H2O and atomic hydrogen or a source of atomic hydrogen and one or more reagents to initiate catalysis of atomic hydrogen. The electrochemical energy system for the formation of hydrines and electricity may further comprise a cathodic compartment comprising a cathode, an anodic compartment comprising an anode, optionally a salt bridge, the reagents that constitute hydrine reagents during operation of the flow cell of electrons and separate ionic mass transport and a source of hydrogen. Due to oxidation-reduction half-cell reactions, the hydrine-producing reaction mixture is constituted by the migration of electrons through an external circuit and the transport of the ionic mass along a separate path such as the electrolyte to complete an electrical circuit There is also a source of energy and a hydride reactor that energizes an energy system comprising (i) a reaction cell for the catalysis of atomic hydrogen to form hydrines, (ii) a mixture of chemical fuels comprising at least two components chosen from: a source of H2O catalyst or H2O catalyst; a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; reagents to form the source of catalyst H2O or catalyst H2O and a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; one or more reagents to initiate atomic hydrogen catalysis and a support to enable catalysis, (iii) thermal arrangements to reverse an exchange reaction to regenerate the fuel of reaction products by heat, (iv) a heat sink which admits the heat originated in the energy producing reactions and (v) an energy conversion system.
ARP120101205A 2011-04-05 2012-04-09 ENERGY SYSTEM WITH HO BASE HYDROGEN CATALYST AR085947A1 (es)

Priority Applications (13)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201161472076P true 2011-04-05 2011-04-05
US201161482932P true 2011-05-05 2011-05-05
US201161485769P true 2011-05-13 2011-05-13
US201161490903P true 2011-05-27 2011-05-27
US201161498245P true 2011-06-17 2011-06-17
US201161505719P true 2011-07-08 2011-07-08
US201161515505P true 2011-08-05 2011-08-05
US201161538534P true 2011-09-23 2011-09-23
US201161566225P true 2011-11-02 2011-11-02
US201161559504P true 2011-11-14 2011-11-14
US201161578465P true 2011-12-21 2011-12-21
US201261591532P true 2012-01-27 2012-01-27
US201261612607P true 2012-03-19 2012-03-19

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
AR085947A1 true AR085947A1 (es) 2013-11-06

Family

ID=45977041

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ARP120101205A AR085947A1 (es) 2011-04-05 2012-04-09 ENERGY SYSTEM WITH HO BASE HYDROGEN CATALYST

Country Status (17)

Country Link
US (1) US20140072836A1 (es)
EP (1) EP2702623A1 (es)
JP (4) JP5809348B2 (es)
KR (1) KR20140016921A (es)
CN (2) CN103460469A (es)
AR (1) AR085947A1 (es)
AU (2) AU2012240401A1 (es)
BR (1) BR112013025595A2 (es)
CA (1) CA2830364A1 (es)
EA (1) EA030639B1 (es)
HK (1) HK1244516A1 (es)
IL (1) IL228358D0 (es)
MX (1) MX2013011480A (es)
SG (2) SG193922A1 (es)
TW (1) TWI555258B (es)
WO (1) WO2012138576A1 (es)
ZA (1) ZA201306844B (es)

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